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Mankind facing three major problems:
Renewable energy source
Recycling and production of energy from waste and waste water
Composition of waste water and waste
Wastewater Largely uncharacterized and undefined mixture of compounds, including many organics, likely to range from small, simple chains through to more complex molecules Municipal solid waste (MSW) Household waste combined with a minor portion of commercial waste. It contains a high proportion of biomass materials such as paper/cardboard, wood, and food.
Energy and water are interdependent
Energy and power production require water.
Water production processing, distribution & end use require energy.
Energy from wastewater can be generated by:
digester gas (biogas)
biosolids products used by other entities
plant influent or effluent
size of constituents Quality of the waste Parameters affecting Energy Recovery Quantity of waste moisture content density
Method of generating energy from waste and waste water
Less energy requirement Energy generation in the form of methane gas Solids content of sludge gets reduced. Energy costs involved in transport is reduced. The quality of the digested sludge (compost) is better Its totally enclosed system prevents escape of polluted air to atmosphere. Less nutrients (N & P) requirement reduction in CO2 emission
Local – provides sustainable waste disposal National –Reduces dependence of fossil fuel by reliably generating clean, renewable energy
Global – Helps fight Global Warming by reducing landfill methane gas emissions
New technology for energy generation from waste and wastewater
MICROBIAL FUEL CELL
Employ microbes to generate electricity from biochemical energy produced during metabolism of organic substrate.
Basis of MFC
The generation of current, and the potential
difference between the cathode and the anode
chambers, creates the basis of the MFC.
Benefits of MFC
clean, safe, quiet performance; high energy efficiency; low emissions; and ease in operating.
The anaerobic microbes required for MFCs are commonly found in wastewater, so influent wastewater could act as both a substrate and a source of microorganisms.
IT’S NOT WASTE IF IT IS ENERGY