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HERBAL MEDICINE  Introduction – What is herbal medicine – Preparation and forms of herbal medicine  Safety – Standardization – risks – Methods on evaluating benefits and safety – Top ten herbs approved by DOH – Proven effective herbal medicine – Potentially dangerous herbs and misleading claims  Examples of Herbal Medicine .

flavor or therapeutic properties  Herbal medicine products are dietary supplements thatpeople take to improve their health  some can cause health problems. some are not effective and some may interact with other drugs .WHAT IS HERBAL MEDICINE?  An herb is a plant or plant part used for its scent.

dried ginger root is sold packaged in tea bags.HOW ARE HERBS SOLD? fresh or dried products liquid or solid extracts .tablets. usually in tablet or capsule form . or tablets. capsules. powders and tea bags – Ex: fresh ginger root. capsules. and liquid preparations made from ginger root are also sold A particular group of chemicals or a single chemical may be isolated & sold as a dietary supplement.

 EXTRACT .made by soaking the botanical in a liquid that removes specific types of chemicals .HOW ARE HERBS PREPARED?  TEA – made by adding boiling water to fresh or dried botanicals and steeping them  DECOCTION  TINCTURE – simmered in boiling water for longer periods than teas – made by soaking a botanical in a solution of alcohol and water.

Dietary supplements are not required to be standardized in the United States .SAFETY: ARE HERBAL MEDICINES STANDARDIZED? Standardization – process that manufacturers may use to ensure batchto-batch consistency of their products – may involve identifying specific chemicals that can be used to manufacture a consistent product. – can also provide a measure of quality control.

and the dose used  Herbal supplements can act in the same way as drugs  Some are known to interact with medications in ways that cause health problems . how it is prepared. how it works in the body.SAFETY: ARE HERBAL MEDICINES GENERALLY SAFE?  safety of a herb depends on many things – chemical makeup.

or other substances.SAFETY: ARE HERBAL MEDICINES GENERALLY SAFE?  it is best to use herbal medicine under the guidance of a medical professional  The active ingredients in many herbs and herbal supplements are not known  Some herbal supplements have been found to be contaminated with metals. . microorganisms. unlabeled prescription drugs.

observational studies. and clinical trials)  relevant to how botanical dietary supplements are used  systematic review to summarize and evaluate a group of clinical trials that meet certain criteria  meta-analysis which includes a statistical analysis of data combined from many studies .What methods are used to evaluate the health benefits and safety of a botanical dietary supplement?  history of use  laboratory studies using cell or animal studies  Studies involving people (individual case reports.

nlm.http://www.nih.html .gov/medlineplus/herbalmedicine.

it most known as a treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus)."bayabas-bayabasan" / "ringworm bush“. Bayabas (Psidium guajava) ."guava“. helps control blood pressure 4."bitter gourd" / "bitter melon“. for the non-insulin dependent patients 3. can be used as a mouth wash to treat tooth decay and gum infection 5.TOP TEN MEDICINAL PLANTS APPROVED BY DOH 1. It's main use is for the relief of coughs and asthma."garlic“."5-leaved chaste tree“. Akapulko (Cassia alata) . mainly reduces cholesterol in the blood and hence. Lagundi (Vitex negundo) . Ampalaya (Momordica charantia) . . primarily used as an antiseptic. to disinfect wounds. is used to treat ringworms and skin fungal infections 2. Bawang (Allium sativum) .

8. Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii) – “Peppermint”. 7.“Blumea camphora”. It can also be used as an edema. Tsaang Gubat (Ehretia microphylla Lam. used as an analgesic to relive body aches and pain .) . A diuretic that helps in the excretion of urinary stones. Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis indica L. particularly the Ascaris and Trichina.) . this herbal medicine is effective in treating intestinal motility and also used as a mouth wash 9.TOP TEN MEDICINAL PLANTS APPROVED BY DOH 6."pansit-pansitan“. 10. effective in the elimination of intestinal worms.Prepared like tea.vine known as "Chinese honey suckle“. effective in fighting arthritis and gout. Sambong (Blumea balsamifera). Ulasimang Bato (Peperomia pellucida) .

C Atherosclerosis ("hardening" of the arteries) Preliminary research inevidence suggests that deposits of cholesterol in for thisC A: Strong scientific humans for this use. therapy should be applied with caution. B: Good scientific evidence use.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: GARLIC USES BASED ON SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE High cholesterol small reductions in total blood cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins ("bad cholesterol") over short periods of time (4 to 12 weeks). C: grow as quickly in people for take garlic. Anti-fungal (applied to the skin) Several studies describe the application of garlic to the skin to treat fungal infections. Welldesigned and longer studies are needed in this area. Grade B C Anti-platelet effects (blood thinning) The effects of garlic on platelet aggregation have been assessed in several human trials. Effects on high-density lipoproteins ("good cholesterol") are not clear. . Because garlic has been associated with several cases of bleeding. blood vessels may not Unclear scientific evidencewho this use. including yeast infections.

C C C A: Strong scientific evidence for this use. C: Unclear scientific evidence for this use. Heart attack prevention in patients with known heart disease It is not clear if garlic prevents future heart attacks in people who have already had a heart attack. B: Good scientific evidence for this use. High blood pressure garlic can lower blood pressure by a small amount.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: GARLIC Familial hypercholesterolemia Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder in which very high cholesterol levels run in families. but larger. well-designed studies are needed to confirm this possible effect. . The effects of garlic on cholesterol levels may be beneficial in such patients.

Caution is advised when using medications that may also lower blood sugar. both in people taking garlic therapy and in food preparers handling garlic – Other reported side effects include dizziness. itching. – Bleeding is a potentially serious side effect of garlic use. anticoagulants.  Interactions with Drugs – garlic may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with drugs that also increase the risk of bleeding. rash or skin burns. anti-platelet drugs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – Garlic may lower blood sugar levels.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: GARLIC  Side Effects and Warnings – Bad breath. chills. . fever. asthma flares. including bleeding after surgery and spontaneous bleeding. headache. increased sweating. Examples include aspirin. and allergic reactions. and runny nose. body odor.

with rosy colored flowers. utilized for over two thousand years to help cure diverse forms of diseases.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: My Marvel TAHEEBO HERBAL CAPSULE/TEA • An evergreen tree. belonging to the Bignonia family. The medicinal part of the tree is the bark. specifically in the inner lining called "phloem". • endemic in the mountains of South America. meaning "The Divine Tree" because of it's potency to combat multifarious diseases. The Inca's referred to Taheebo as "TAJY". .

Colds. Hepatitis. Hemorrhoids. Hypertension. Migraine.Tumor. Flu. Sinusitis. Insomnia. Diabetes. Skin Diseases. Infections. Dysmenorrheal. Kidney Trouble. Fever. Rheumatism. Asthma. Arthritis.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: My Marvel TAHEEBO HERBAL CAPSULE/TEA • Voluminous clinical works affirmed the encouraging results of the Taheebo to combat diverse kinds of ailments such as: Allergies. Goiter. • Scientists and medical practitioners concur that Taheebo is a powerful: • Analgesic eliminates pain • Anti-oxidant promotes production of healthy cells • Decongestant clears air passage of the lungs • Diuretic promotes better urine flow • Hypothensive maintains the natural equilibrium of blood and prevents the rise of cholesterol . Diarrhea.

particularly the plant insulin. assuring users that they’re getting the full blood sugarlowering benefit of the plant. . Oribiana said that Charantia preserves Ampalaya’s key compounds.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: CHARANTIA Ampalaya Food Supplement  first made into commercial tea and capsule products when Charantia Ampalaya Food Supplement was launched by Herbcare Corporation in 2001. polypeptide-P.  Through a special dehydration process.

extracts.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: CHARANTIA Ampalaya Food Supplement  Ampalaya is the only medicinal plant approved for diabetes. William Torres (former Bureau of Food and Drugs Director) released last January 2004 concludes that “Ampalaya [Momordica charantia L. when used as dry powders. decoctions. . seeds and other parts. Similar to animal insulin. fresh or cooled.] fruits. a plant insulin found only in the Ampalaya.” Researchers have identified the key compounds present in Ampalaya.  A review of these studies by Dr. polypeptide-P lowers elevated blood sugar levels. leaves. one factor that convinced the DOH to recommend it. have clearly demonstrated hypoglycemic activity. It has the most number of scientific reports among plants for diabetes. notably polypeptide-P.

bronchial asthma.  The leaves.Proven Effective Herbal Medicine: LAGUNDI  scientific name: Vitex negundo.  Today. chronic bronchitis and pharyngitis  Studies have shown that Lagundi can prevent the body's production of leukotrienes which are released during an asthma attack. flu. flowers. seeds and root of Lagundi can all be used as herbal medicine. . Lagundi is available in capsule form and syrup for cough. shrub that grows in the Philippines  has been clinically tested to be effective in the treatment of colds. A substance with anti-histamine properties and muscle relaxant. Lagundi contains Chrysoplenol D.

and death . has caused death from a blood acid disorder. and the flu – has caused liver failure. seizures. and gallbladder) – has caused liver problems and cancer.Potentially Dangerous Herbs • Bloodroot • • Chaparral tea – promoted as an expectorant purgative. Ma huang or ephedra – an ingredient in many diet pills – can cause psychotic behavior. heart attack. Comfrey – used to promote wound healing (and formerly to relieve ulcers of the bowel. coma. irregular heartbeats. liver. fevers. necessitating liver transplantation stomach. Kambucha tea • • • – made from mushroom cultures and used as a cure-all. kidney failure. stroke. and death Pennyroyal – used to induce menstruation and treat colds. stimulant and plaque and cavity preventer – has caused death when used to induce vomiting – claimed to be an antioxidant and pain reliever – has caused liver failure.

Misleading Claims • Mistletoe – has been falsely touted as a cure for cancer • Pau d'Arco tea – has been falsely touted as a cure for cancer and AIDS .