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Convergence Between Public Switching and the Internet

Presented By:

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Computer Network

Telecom Switching

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• To leverage their installed base in the PSTN/ISDN the optimal strategy for Telco ISPs is the integration of their point of presence into the central office: packetizing and grooming of IP traffic in the local office relieves load on the PSTN/ISDN trunk network. and to generate additional revenue.Necessity: • Telecom operators increasingly act as Internet service providers to maximize network utilization. Computer Network . to attract or retain customers. • Creating new opportunities for revenue generating features for both telephony and Internet subscribers.

Extension of the central office with an integrated Internet platform extending their business by acting as Internet service providers (Telco ISP). Impact of PSTN/ISDN Is Analyzed. 4. Introduction 2.Summary This article is organized into four sections as follows: 1. 3. Shows how the integrated Internet platform can add value with offering the service "voice over Internet" by a Telco ISP. Computer Network .

• Today the user's highway to the Internet is the PSTN/ISDN. The vast majority of Internet end users gain access to the medium of Internet from their PSTN/ ISDN subscriber lines Computer Network .Introduction: • In recent years the Internet has developed to become a global data network which attracts numerous users. especially with the variety of information and multimedia applications offered online.

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such as the PSTN/ISDN and public land mobile network (PLMN).What is the Scope ?? • This future type of network will achieve true convergence by integrating the services offered by the “classical” network types. • Due to innovation of this new arising technology. Computer Network . present telecommunications network can build the solid basis for a seamless converged multimedia services network of tomorrow. with the Internet.

• . interconnecting about one-sixth of the world population.PSTN/ISDN • • PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) Interconnect almost every telephone set. ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) Combines voice connection and digital data services in a single physical medium The PSTN/ISDN network is the largest telecom network worldwide.


. 1. 3. three critical points in the transportation of packetized data traffic have been identified. Connection of a POP over the concentration stage of the local exchange (LE). 2. Performance degradation in the trunk network.ISSUES • Due to high values of circuit-switched calls in the PSTN/ISDN network. High penetration of Internet users at the concentration stage of the LE.

there are two basic strategies: Controlling Internet traffic in the CO as part of PSTN/ISDN traffic in an optimized manner. • Central Office: It is one exchange via trunk lines and provides a number of local lines or extensions (ranging ten to thousand ) to subscriber. .STRATEGY • To counteract these risks.


2. if the Telco ISP chooses to provide its own content. . IP router and IP routing database and protocols like TCP. Content server.UDP.INTEGRATED INTERNET PLATFORM: • Components required to handle IP traffic on the highperformance switch platform: 1. An internal high-speed data backbone. 3.etc 4. Modem pools to terminate dial-in calls from analog medium.

• To increase the number of successful call attempts.NEW FEATURES FOR INTERNET: • To keep telephony and Internet traffic in their network. • To increase revenue by providing new features. Computer Network . • To differentiate from other ISPs by providing new value adding features.

using the PC as a phone via Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Computer Network . • Awareness of incoming calls and the ability to answer these calls during an Internet session. • Set up a call from an Internet session.DIAL UP INTERNET SUBSCRIBER FEATURES: • Easy access to the Internet. • Easy use of complex PSTN/ISDN features.

SUBSCRIBER-CONTROLLED INPUT VIA INTERNET • This feature enables the subscriber to configure supplement ary services for his PSTN/ISDN line through a graphical use interface by starting Web applications. • The network provider can distribute additional information to his subscribers by putting it on the Web page. • This feature is based on a Web application running on the PSTN/ISDN server owned by the telco ISP(HTML). The subscriber is able to get specific online information about his line. Computer Network .

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• This feature supports the use of e-mail.EMAIL WAITING INDICATION: • A subscriber with the e-mail waiting indication feature is informed when an e-mail has been received by his electronic mailbox. It is not necessary that the subscriber log onto the network the necessary information is sent to his customer premises equipment(CPE) and indicated by the CO. Computer Network . • The functionality is based on information sent by the mail server in the Internet to the IPOP in the local exchange via TCP/IP.

Email Waiting Indication Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Computer Network .com us.

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Computer Network . even if the subscriber answers the call. a subscriber can receive incoming calls while in an Internet session by using VoIP technology. • During the whole process. which converts the analog voice into VoIP packets. the CO core internally forwards the call to the IPOP. initializing VoIP call to the subscriber via H.CALL COMPLETION ON INTERNET BUSY • With the call completion on Internet busy feature. • If an Internet busy subscriber receives an incoming voice call. the Internet session is not interrupted.323 protocol.

• The telephone number of the ringing party is displayed. logged onto an Internet session and unable to receive VoIP calls. • The subscriber can choose between answering the call or continuing his internet session.CALL WAITING INTERNET: • Using this feature a subscriber. Computer Network . is informed by a popup window on his screen when another party tries to call him.

variation of delay.VOICE OVER INTERNET: • The major challenge of voice over Internet today is to guarantee quality of service. • The IP-based transport results in delay. or simply providing more bandwidth. Computer Network . • Improvements will be achieved with the advanced IPv6 protocol by optimizing data buffering. usage of RSVP. and loss of transmitted data information.

and ETSI will improve interoperability of VOI implementations in the near future. It is also possible to reach telephone subscribers (PSTN/ISDN) everywhere in the world. ITU.): • Voice over Internet service is not restricted to Internet subscribers. Computer Network .VOICE OVER INTERNET(CONT. • The recent work of standardization bodies of the IETF.

Computer Network . • The voice over Internet server is responsible for gathering information for charging. • The voice over Internet subscriber needs off the shelf PC software.FUNCTIONS OF VOI: • The voice over IP interworking unit (VoIP-IWU) is responsible for voice coding/decoding according to ITU recommendations.

an advanced VoIP service can be provided. • Due to this cooperation. Computer Network .ADVANTAGES OF VOI: • In combination with the existing switching facilities. authentication. call setup and charging. • New low cost services attract new customers. the subscriber has a number of benefits concerning subscription. • The telco ISP can keep the (compressed) voice traffic in its own network.

the CO of today evolves into an optimized Internet access point that fully supports the telecom operators' strategy to reuse their investment in the PSTN/ISDN infrastructure as they position to become ISPs: • the CO with integrated Internet service platform optimizes PSTN/ISDN network performance by grooming Internet traffic and creates the basis for new subscriber services based 011Internet technology.CONCLUSION: • Through the presented concept. Computer Network .

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