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Matteo Patelli Student, Management finance and international business October 8, 2012

Let’s build a smarter Bergamo
Smarter water and smarter energy

Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

Something profound is happening
Our world is becoming

INSTRUMENTED

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Our world is becoming

INTERCONNECTED

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Virtually all things, processes and ways of working are becoming

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INTELLIGENT
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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

The need for progress is clear
Energy grid

How many are the Kilowatt-hours wasted each year by consumers due to insufficient power usage information?
Energy sources

Carbon emissions

Water

Smart home

Chemicals

How big is the impact on many municipalities’ water supply due to leaky infrastructure?
Energy

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

What should we be focusing on?
AGRICOLTURE

WATER MANAGEMENT

HOUSING

PIPES

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

AGRICULTURE
Today
Waste of water due to leakages and evaporation

Tomorrow
- “Digital empowering” of the farmer - Efficient pipes

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

PIPES MAINTENANCE
Today
Usually municipalities estimate how many pipes need replacing, based on age, soil type, load history and incident statistics. But the actual condition is mostly unknown

What is the situation in Bergamo?
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WHERE SHOULD WE INSPIRE US?
The city of Boston

Using sophisticated acoustic sensors the city of Boston has been able to save more than three million gallons of water a day by detecting leaks early.

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TECHNOLOGY INVOLVED
- Stethoscopic-like devices that are pressed against the asphalt to hear leakages - Miniature sensors that are inserted into the water mains, flow with the water, and hear leaks as small as a quarter of gallon per hour

Pinpoint the exact location of the leak!

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

DOMESTIC WATER
Since we have abundance of water we don’t realize how we are using it

Greywater recycling
Through simple systems greywater could be recycled, separated from black water and used for other functions (e.g. watering the garden)
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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

SMART WATER METER
Giving complete control to the people
Smart meter real-time connected with the household

Complete digital control of our home!
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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

SMARTER ENERGY
Why are we focusing on this issue more and more?
- Society is realizing oil cannot play a major role in the future - Level of technology at disposal opens new possibilities in energy management - The economic downturn is making people more aware of their spending habits, energy is a core issue

Energy grid

Carbon emissions

Energy sources Smart home

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

BERGAMO OVERVIEW
According to the last report of Terna (the energy transmission manager in Italy), Bergamo is the 3rd province in Lombardia for energy consumption

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

Bergamo consumption for category
Agriculture

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Industry

83,7 GWh 5.229,2 GWh

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Service
Domestic

1.553,2 GWh
1.237,1 GWh

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

Energy consumption is estimated to be doubling by 2050, Bergamo is not escaping this statistic

What should we be focusing on?
- Smart grid - Energy consumption of public structures - Household energy management

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SMART GRID

The flow of electricity from utility to consumer becomes a two-way conversation

The consumer becomes a supplier and has the possibility to sell its energy back to the grid

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How is Bergamo moving?
Bergamo (and Italy in general) is at a good point in developing smart grid projects; especially thanks to Enel which has been installing more that 30 million smart meters all around Italy

The process must be speeded up and the final consumers should be more aware of the potential benefits these devices could provide them
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SMART HOME

Consumption
Space heating/cooling Water heating Appliances Lighting Others 50% 14% 13% 13% 10%

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SMART APPS
Every electronic activity in the house could be simultaneously under control and the use of certain electro domestics could be planned according to the best tariff

This opportunity would derive from the combination of smart meters and smartphone apps

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SMARTER ILLUMINATION
Municipalities play the major role in developing a smart city project, they should set the right path

The public lighting system could be restructured using LED technologies, this would allow an energy saving up to 40-70% compared to conventional devices

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Let’s build a smarter Bergamo

Thank you for your attention

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