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Air pollution occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes or odor in harmful amounts.

That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials. The substances that cause air pollution are called pollutants. Pollutants that are pumped into our atmosphere and directly pollute the air are called primary pollutants. Further pollution can arise if primary pollutants in the atmosphere undergo chemical reactions. The resulting compounds are called secondary pollutants.

AIR POLLUTION

EXAMPLE OF AIR POLLUTION, RESOURCES & EFFECTS

Smoke particles and soot Sources: -cigarette smoke -smoke from motor vehicles -burning of rubbish -burning of fossil fuels -forest fires Effects : -breathing difficulties -make eyes feel uncomfortable -haze

cigarette smoke

smoke from motor vehicle

Dust Sources: -construction site -cement plants Effects : -lung cancer -coughing -asthma

lung cancer

construction site

cement plants

Sulphur dioxide Sources: -burning of coal Effects : -damage lung cells -forms acid rain -kills plants

burning of coal

damaged lung cells

Before

After

Carbon monoxide Sources: -cigarette smoke -smoke from motor vehicles Effects : -causes tiredness -headache -brain damage -death damaged brain

Nitrogen oxide Sources: -smoke from motor vehicles Effects : - form acid rain

Effect of acid rain on sculpture

Before

After

Lead Sources: -burning of leaded petrol Effects : -damage the kidneys, heart and brain -causes mental retardation in children

damaged kidney

damaged heart

Chlorofluorocarbon(CFC) Sources: -aerosol sprays -electronics factories Effects : -damages the ozone layer and exposes us to harmful rays from the Sun

aerosol spray

Carbon dioxide Sources: -burning of rubbish -burning of fossil fuels Effects : -causes the rising of the Earths temperature as a result of the greenhouse effect

burning of fossil fuels

effect of global warming

STEPS TO CONTROL AIR POLLUTION

Cars should be equipped with catalytic converters to reduce the emission of pollutants. Factories should be set up far away from housing areas. Factories should filter smoke before it is released. Factories should use less chlorofluorocarbon. Motorists should use unleaded petrol. Anti-pollution laws must be strictly enforced and obeyed. The habit of smoking must be stopped. The public should stop open burning of rubbish. Rubbish must be buried or incinerated.

WAYS TO KEEP THE AIR CLEAN

Government should encourage people to practise carpooling, cycling and walk if the destination is near. Motorists, car driver and lorry driver should use unleaded petrol. Reduce the use of aerosol spray and air-conditioner that can cause chlorofluorocarbon and damage the ozone layer. Stop open burning of rubbish law must be strictly force. Industries must be away from the housing areas.

HABITS TO KEEP THE AIR CLEAN

Reduce the use of chlorofluorocarbon and other gases which destroy the Earths ozone layer. Do not open burning of rubbish. Use unleaded petrol. Reduce the use of paper and tissue. Walk or cycling if the place is near. Plant trees around housing areas. Reduce the use of plastic products. Do not smoke.

THANK YOU