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BJT Amplifiers

Amplifiers
• Are devices that have the ability to amplify a relatively small input signal, into a much larger output signal. • An ideal amplifier has three main properties, Input Resistance or ( Rin ), Output Resistance or ( Rout ) and of course amplification known commonly as Gain or ( A ).

Ideal amplifier model .

which can be simply calculated as the output signal divided by the input signal.Gain • It is the difference between the input and output signals and is basically a measure of how much an amplifier "amplifies" the input signal. . • It has no units but is given the symbol "A".

• The multiplication factor relating the magnitude of the output signal to the input signal. .Amplifier Gain • The gain of an amplifier can be said to be the relationship that exists between the signal measured at the output with the signal measured at the input.

Amplifier gain of the input signal .

. • Power Gain (Ap)  the ratio of the output power to input power.3 kinds of amplifier Gain • Voltage Gain (Av)  the ratio of the output voltage to input voltage. • Current Gain (Ai)  the ratio of the output current to input current.

Voltage amplifier Gain Output Voltage Vout Voltage Gain (A) = = Input Voltage Vin .

Current amplifier Gain Output Current Iout Current Gain (A) = = Input Current Iin .

Power amplifier Gain Output Power Power Gain (A) = = Pout Pin Input Power Or simply Ap = Ai x Av .

Gain can also be expressed in Decibels (dB) Voltage Gain in dB: av = 20 log Av Current Gain in dB: ai = 20 log Ai Power Gain in dB: ap = 10 log Ap Gain  positive value of dB Loss  negative value of dB .

Basic BJT Amplifier Configurations • Common Emitter Configuration • Common Base Configuration • Common Collector Configuration .

Common Emitter Configuration .

Common Base Configuration .

Common Collector Configuration .

AMPLIFIER GAIN CONFIGURATON COMMON BASE COMMON EMITTER MEDIUM COMMON COLLECTOR CURRENT GAIN LOW HIGH POWER GAIN LOW HIGH MEDIUM VOLTAGE GAIN HIGH MEDIUM LOW .

Example 1 • Determine the Voltage. Also. (dB). . express all three gains in decibels. Current and Power Gain of an amplifier that has an input signal of 1mA at 10mV and a corresponding output signal of 10mA at 1V.

its output (Vout) is 10 volts.Example 2 • An amplifier has an input impedance of 50 ohms and drives a load of 50 ohms. current gain and power gain? . When its input (Vin) is 1 volt. What are its voltage gain.

• The amplifiers gain must not add noise to the output signal. It should remove any noise that is already exists in the input signal. . ( A ) should remain constant for varying values of input signal.characteristics of an ideal amplifier • The amplifiers gain. Signals of all frequencies must be amplified by exactly the same amount. • Gain is not be affected by frequency.

• The gain of the amplifier must remain stable over long periods of time. .characteristics of an ideal amplifier cont. • The amplifiers gain should not be affected by changes in temperature giving good temperature stability.

The Formula Wheel of Electrical Engineering .