Ladderized Education
by Imelda S. Bautista

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Ladderized Education Program
• The changes and developments in the work patterns and skills demand in various industries, including the emerging ones, necessitate the need for a very strong link between TVET and higher education

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President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo issued Executive Order 358 entitled • “To Institutionalize a Ladderized Interface between TechnicalVocational Education and Training (TVET) and Higher Education (HE)”. Page 4 .Ladderized Education Program • As a strategy to remedy this.

Ladderized Education Program • Ladderized education is a new system of education in the Philippines that allows learners to progress between technical-vocational education and training (TVET) and college. Page 5 . and vice-versa.

Ladderized Education Program • Ladderized education opens opportunities for career and educational advancement to students and workers. Page 6 .

• The ladderized education system addresses the present compartmentalization of tech-voc and college degree programs that hinder the recognition and accreditation of tech-voc competencies in college degree programs and vice-versa. Page 7 .

• Under the system. college degree programs and eventually obtain gainful employment in the future. Page 8 . the tech-voc and college degree components are harmonized allowing an individual to progress between and among techvoc courses.

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The Purpose of Ladderization Page 10 .

The Purpose of Ladderization • is to open pathways of opportunities for career and educational progression of students and workers. Page 11 . it intends to create a seamless and borderless education and training system that allows mobility in terms of flexible entry and exit into the educational system. Specifically.

Page 12 . ladderized education is an empowering tool because it provides options or choices to a wider range of clientele on when to enter and to exit in the educational ladder.The Purpose of Ladderization • In essence.

The Purpose of Ladderization • More importantly. Page 13 . it creates job platforms at every exit and provides the student an opportunity to get a job and earn income.

Why choose ladderized education? Page 14 .

Hence.Why Ladderized Education? • Traditionally. previous tech-voc courses that he has completed do not earn him credit units for an oncoming college . when a tech-voc graduate decides to continue on to college. a college degree program is viewed as independent of tech-voc courses.

the tech-voc graduate often squanders time and resources to repeat portions of his learning that should have already earned him appropriate credit unit/s for an oncoming college degree program.Why Ladderized Education? • Thus. .

equivalent credits for previous learning acquired in tech-voc.Why Ladderized Education? • Ladderized education is the answer then to this wasteful duplication. Ladderization provides the tech-voc graduate with gateways or entry points to a college degree program where he can earn appropriate. .

.Why Ladderized Education? • It also allows a learner to obtain a tech-voc national certificate that will enable him to arrive at successively ascending job platforms. The money he earns from his job/s will help to finance and complete his college education.

Courses with Ladderization Program .

Under E. a ladderized interface was done which willsatisfy both the standards of TESDA as contained in the Training Regulations (TR) and the Policies. Standards and Guidelines (PSG) of CHED.O. the first two years of which is the Diploma of Agricultural Technology (DAT). this was already intended as a ladderized curriculum. Page 20 . 358.Agriculture The Bachelor of Agricultural Technology (BAT) is the model ladderized curriculum for agriculture. Originally.

30. Healthcare Services NCII and Midwifery before a student finishes the full BS Nursing degree. Page 21 . series of 2001 – “Updated Policies and Standards for Nursing Education. This curriculum has three exit points.Health – B. namely: Caregiver NC II.” It followed the same process undertaken in the development of the BAT model curriculum.S. in Nursing (through Midwifery) The development of the model ladderized curriculum in Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) used as a reference the CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No.

as its basic reference. in Information Technology The development of the model ladderized curriculum in Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT) made use of the CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No. Computer Hardware Servicing NCII and Programming NC IV before a student finishes the full BS in Information Technology. Page 22 . 25. The curriculum was designed with three exit points namely: PC Operations NC II.S.ICT -B. ”. series of 2001 – “Revised Policies and Standards for Information Technology Education (ITE).

in Marine Engineering Under this discipline. an exit point is provided in 1st year/2nd semester after a 2month on-board training. thus. only the Engine Seafaring NC II was embedded within the degree. Bachelor of Science in Marine Engineering (BSMarE) and Bachelor of Science in Marine Transport (BSMT). thus. in Marine Transportation and B. For Marine Engineering. an exit point is provided in the 1st year/2nd semester after a 2month on-board training. there were two (2) programs selected as model curriculum for ladderization namely. Page 23 .Maritime – B.S. As for Marine Transport.S. only the Deck Seafaring NC II was lodged in the program.

in Tourism Three degree programs were considered as model curriculum--Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management (BSHRM) with five exit points: Housekeeping NC I.S. Bachelor of Science in Travel Management (BSTrM) with two exit points: Commercial Cooking NC II and Travel Services NC II. Food and Beverage Services NC II. Front Office NC II and Bartending NC II. Commercial Cooking NC II. B. B.S. in HRM. and Bachelor of Science in Tourism Management (BSTM) with two exit points: Tour Guiding NC II and Commercial Cooking NC II.Tourism – B.S. in Travel Management. Page 24 .

in Criminology The development of the model ladderized curriculum in Bachelor of Science in Criminology used the CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No.S. Page 25 . series of 1998 – “Revised Policies and Standards for Criminology Education.Criminology – B.” This curriculum has two exit points namely: Security Services NC I and Security Services NC II. 42.

Education Page 26 .

Engineering Page 27 .

SAMPLE LADDERIZED EDUCATION PROGRAMS Page 28 .

BODY REPAIRING. ENGINE REBUILDING NC Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering • TWO-YEAR BUILDING WIRING INSTALLATION NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering Page 29 .Ladderized Education Programs • TWO-YEAR AUTOMOTIVE. SERVICING.

• TWO-YEAR CONSUMER ELECTRONICS SERVICING NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communications Engineering • TWO-YEAR COMPUTER HARDWARE SERVICING NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering Page 30 Ladderized Education Programs .

Ladderized Education Programs • TWO-YEAR COMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communications Engineering • ONE-YEAR SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW) NC II AND GAS WELDING NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering • ONE-YEAR REFRIGERATION AND AIRCONDITIONING (RAC) SERVICING NC II Ladderized leading Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering Page 31 .

Ladderized Education Program Levels Page 32 .

Ladderized Education Program Levels Page 33 .

Ladderized Education Program Levels Page 34 .

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