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PRESENTED BY: Eeba Afsar Sameera Srivastava

Public transport should always be the hallmark of a good transportation system for a city  Especially for a city like Mysore, which is earmarked as the “Heritage City”  The role of public transport is vital, particularly to reduce the use of personalized transport.  The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the major inter-city and intra-city service provider in Mysore  KSRTC provides services to about 179,000 commuters per day by city services and about 128,000 by mofussil services.

 Karnataka

State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), the implementing agency, was established in August 1961 under the provisions of the Road Transport Corporation Act 1950  Three Corporations viz., BMTC, Bangalore from 15-08-1997, NWKRTC, Hubli from 01-111997 and NEKRTC, Gulbarga from 01-10-2000 were formed out, on a regional basis  KSRTC‟s operations covers Southern Karnataka and interstate areas

 It

operates 6189 schedules with 6830 vehicles (including 103 hired private vehicles) covering 21.86 lakh Kms. and carries on an average 24.5 lakh passengers daily

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Mysore City road traffic is heterogeneous in character It is a mixture of fast moving motor traffic and extremely slow traffic such as animal drawn vehicles Motor traffic consists of mainly cars, light vans, light commercial vehicles, jeeps, different kinds of mopeds, scooters and motor cycles, different kinds of commercial vehicles, buses, auto rickshaws etc In addition to these, there are a considerable percentage of cycles plying on the city roads Pedestrian traffic is found to be very heavy in the CBD areas of the city due to high commercial activities and tourist movement The wide variety of traffic units with their great disparity of size and speed creates a number of problems viz., delay, congestion, accidents and areas of conflict.

Building intelligence into the transport system brings in the convergence of technologies providing a synergetic transformation in the commuter experience  ITS provides benefits in terms of:

Reducing waiting time and uncertainty Increasing the accessibility of the system Increasing the safety of users Reducing the fuel consumption and emissions, Reducing the operational costs Improving traffic efficiency Reducing traffic congestion Improving environmental quality and energy efficiency  Improving economic productivity
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Problem Identification
The most visible problems Mysore faces are: (1) Congestion, with ever increasing commuting times and delay (2) Degraded air quality which threatens the health of citizens (3) Lack of proper parking facilities (4) Lack of proper pedestrian facilities to ensure safety of pedestrians This has happened due to the lack of efficient public transport system in the city.  The increase in vehicle population has also given rise to high accident rate in the city. Thus the ever increasing number of vehicles not only accelerates pollution but also leads to increased frustration and traffic violations by the road users.

The ITS will encourage use of public transport and reduce the use of personal vehicles  This significantly contributes to saving the environment from heavy vehicle pollution and reducing congestion on city roads.  The number of sub-systems under ITS covers :

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Vehicle-to-vehicle communications Collision avoidance and crash detection system Monitoring traffic and controlling signal lights Electronic and speed limit signs Reversible lanes and other road safety components


technology framework includes :  wireless communication  Sensing technologies  inductive loop detection  video vehicle detection and electronic toll collection

 The

ITS includes core components such as:
 Vehicle

Tracking System  Real Time Passenger Information System  Central Control Station
 Core

technologies include:

 Geographical

Positioning System (GPS)  Electronic Display Systems  Information & Communication Technologies

Physical Specifications 1. Assembly : Injection molded plastic with integrated battery pack Electrical Characteristics 1. Primary Power : Vehicle Battery 12/24 volts 2. Battery Life : 8 Hours normal operation Firmware: 1. Over the Air Download of firmware as well as configuration parameters 2. Store and Forward features for network dark zone The high-level logical architecture of the solution is described below.

Some of the key services that have been included are: 1. Application Services 2. GPS/GSM Services 3. GIS Services 4. Reporting services 5. Database Services 6. Archival Services 7. Streaming Services 8. Integration Services

Specifications for LED Display Units 1. 2. 3. 4. Display Type : LED, 5mm; diffused Color : RED or AMBER View Distance : 30 Meters Language : English & Local Language

Functional Specifications 1. Protocol : HTTP 2. Wireless Interface : GPRS 3. Data Format : Bit Map or Unicode 4. Memory : Non Volatile to store 200 Display Frames 5. Display Format : Fixed and Scrolling
GPRS Interface 1. Type : GSM & GPRS Class 10 2. Air Interface : Dual Band; 900 MHz & 1800 MHz

KSRTC currently operates about 4217 trips in Mysore through 282 schedules from 2 depots on 185 routes with a fleet strength of 258 resulting in 1.79 lakh passenger trips per day with a load factor of 72.8% and 5‟55,475 effective kilometres per day The modal split figures for Mysore city indicate that the share of trips performed by public transport is only 13%, which can still be increased, as the proportion of walk and two-wheeler trips is high. Significant modal shift is needed to deliver national and international sustainable development aims for a strong economy, an inclusive society and a clean environment A significant trend amongst many urban road users is a willingness to use the public transport in the face of increasing traffic congestion and increasing „road-rage‟ behaviour on the roads

With the rising cost of fuel, many would shift to the public transport on cost considerations  For some, time is of the essence and a modal shift will occur only if the new mode offers time improvements  From results of the stated preference survey conducted by the consultants, it was found that almost 89% of the sample population was willing to shift to public transport provided KSRTC operates reliable services through the introduction of ITS  This further translates to 17.66% of the twowheeler users for transport shifting to the use of buses

A survey by Transport Operation Planning and Informatics Centre, Bangalore has the following findings on Mysore city travel characteristics:

The vehicular and passenger traffic volumes are very heavy on the following roads during peak hours:
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Visweswaraya circle in Sayyaji Road Corporation Circle in Sayyaji Road Srinivasa Circle in Mananthody Road

About 25% of households have no vehicles, 28% cycles, 48% have two wheelers and cars are limited to 4% The mobility of household members increased with the ownership of motorized vehicles The household trip rates increased to 9.4 per day among the households which have all the three modes of transport

 The

per capita trip per day

 It

is estimated that about 5.7 Lakh passenger trips are generated each day within urban limits  Nature of trips:
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Home to work- 23.2% Home to Educational institutions- 19.5% Home to Shopping- 2% Home based trips – to & fro- 49.9% Non-home based trips- 5.4%

 Survey

indicates that 21.72% of intercity trips are conducted by motorized two wheelers followed by 16.42% by cycle and other slow vehicle owners and 12.72% by bus  Intercity passenger trips indicate nearly two thirds of travellers on a work trip, while tourist and recreation trips constitute 12%  Nearly 36,000 tourists travel in and out of the city each day