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# Chapter 2.

Rotating Field Theory

Freshman Seminar at CMD Lab

Jongwon Choi Feb 3, 2012
Control & Motor Drive Lab

Contents
• 2.1 Construction of Rotating Field • 2.2 Change of Coordinates

Control & Motor Drive Lab

winding are distributed to produce a rotating magnetic field by a polyphase AC source – The flux.1 Construction of Rotating Field • In AC machines. voltage. and current of a three phase system are represented as vector in the complex plane – The direction of the current is the same as the direction of mmf b-axis c` a b` b a a-axis c b c-axis a` c (b) (a) Phase windings are separated by 120o.2. Control & Motor Drive Lab .

2.1 Construction of Rotating Field • The a phase stator winding consisting of four pairs Control & Motor Drive Lab .

1 Construction of Rotating Field if q=1 Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

1 Construction of Rotating Field Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

1 Construction of Rotating Field Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

both coil distribution and current have high .order harmonics – In this section. MMF harmonics are considered for a non sinusoidal coil distribution Control & Motor Drive Lab .1 Construction of Rotating Field • 2.2.3 High order space harmonics – In practice.1.

2 Change of Coordinates • The best way to construct a mapping rule – Balanced means the component sum is equal to zero – Therefore. this makes a constraint among three variable – Three variable have only two degrees of freedom and can be mapped into a complex plan – The best way to construct a mapping rule is to visualize the flux vector in cross section of motor (the real flux vector) Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

fb.2 Change of Coordinates • 2.2.2. fc]T.1 Mapping into the stationary plan – For a vector f =[fa. we define a map from R3 into C – It is worthwhile to note that the direction of the current sum vector is identical to the direction of fs in the complex plane – The direction of fs is the same as the flux(current) vector in the cross sectional plane of a motor Control & Motor Drive Lab .

2.2 Change of Coordinates Control & Motor Drive Lab .

2.2 Change of Coordinates • 2.2.1 Mapping into the stationary plan – The inverse map is obtained as • Re(fs) = fa • Re(ej4pi/3 fs) = fb • Re(ej2pi/3 fs) = fc – Consider a three phase current with 5th order harmonics – Similarly. consider a three phase current with 7th order harmonics Control & Motor Drive Lab .

2 Change of Coordinates • 2.2.2 Mapping into the rotating (synchronous) frame Mapping into the rotating frame Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

2 Mapping into the rotating (synchronous) frame Complex Variable Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.2 Change of Coordinates • 2.2.

2 Change of Coordinates • 2.2.2.3 Formulation via matrices – Transformation into the stationary and the rotating frames can be manipulated by matrix operations – Two steps In Stationary d-q axes In Synchronous d-q axes T(θ) Control & Motor Drive Lab T(0) .

2 Change of Coordinates • Step1 abc  dq (Stationary) Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

2 Change of Coordinates • Step2 • dq stationary  dq synchronous (Exciting Frame) Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.

2.2 Change of Coordinates Control & Motor Drive Lab .

2.4 Transformation of impedance matrices – Resistance • The resistor is a scalar so it is invariant under the coordinate change – Inductance • That is the similarity transformation Control & Motor Drive Lab .2.2 Change of Coordinates • 2.

power is defined as the sum of individual phase powers – The voltage and current vector are denoted by vabc=[va.2 Change of Coordinates • 2.5 Power relations – In the three phase system. vb.2. vc]T and vabc=[ia. we use them • T-1 = 3/2 TT • vo = 0 or io = 0 Control & Motor Drive Lab .2. ib. ic]T – In the above calculation.

End Thank you for listening to my presentation Control & Motor Drive Lab .