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Springfield Data Center Program Fire and Safety Presentation

Information Technology Division

Executive Office for Administration and Finance

Agenda Fire Suppression Details

Life Safety
Security System aligned with Life Safety



Fire Suppression Details

Redundant and independent fire systems 3 systems VESDA, FM200/VORTEX , Pre action Sprinkler System Very Early Smoke Detection and Alarm. A sensitive item of equipment connected to a fire alarm system (VESDA - Air sampling smoke detection). In a fire event, ventilation duct systems can convey smoke, hot toxic. gases and flames from one area to another. Three stage AQUASONIC Fire Suppression System Stage 1, one smoke detector, rings alarm Stage 2, two smoke detectors, strobe alarm and 30 second countdown Stage 3, gas system discharges Includes override and reset buttons Two stage pre-action sprinkler system Stage 1: two smoke detectors or one heat detector (135 F), fills water pipes Stage 2: Heat (155 F) discharges water Trouble alerts & alarms bring fire department Tampering will alert fire department Fire alarm stations for immediate alarms
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AQUASONIC Fire Suppression System

utilizes non-toxic and readily available extinguishing media (water and nitrogen)
FM approved

Environmentally safe

Minimal water discharge

Effective on Class B fires

Flexible system piping and atomizer location

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Life Safety Issues

Access Control to the site itself No unsupervised visitors Prevent unauthorized vehicles from proximity to the building NOC BOX for Fire Department Exterior Lighting should promote safety and discourage crime Ease of access for fire fighting equipment Location of hydrants

Fire Exits are not impeded by interior storage volumes Air quality within the data center Fire Wall separation(2 hour Rated) between areas and rated fire doors Skylights and emergency lighting Cross ties and bracing to avoid shelving collapse


Security System aligned with Life Safety

Access control will be provided using access card, which uses a radio frequency identification device (RFID) chip technology. This RFID technology will be installed throughout SPRINGFIELD DC and zoned for need to know access. The access control system is database oriented, which allows for individual information, including zone access, to be displayed in the security office or approved security stations.

All IDs are pictured.

All badges do not leave the building. Check in and out feature. IDs are returned to guard. The guard will call operations where the IDs are stored in a zone 4 area. Any badge that is taken out of the building will be deactivated automatically either by a time limit or exit. Access to Computer Area

Revolving Door for people -equipment traps for Asset control Equipment traps should be for environment and security 2 door solution Doors must be controlled together so both sets can not be opened at the same time. Second set of doors into secured zone must be opened either from inside secured zoned or remotely at operators or Security station. Infrared/Black & White/Color Overlay Features including motion activation with pan, zoom and tilt Interior Motion sensor on and off with energy management monitoring Exterior On 7x24x365 Weather protected

Surveillance Camera

Only Computer/Network/Secured Storage Room will default to SECURE (Closed) Computer room designed with Fire Exit doors which captures RFID as they exit
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Sprinkler Topics History

Types of Sprinkler Systems

Types of Sprinkler Heads


History of Fire Sprinklers Officially developed and used by Henry Parmalee in 1874 to protect his Piano factory Used clay and wood pipes with holes drilled in them

A tank on the roof of the structure was drained during a fire and released the water into the pipes Winter was a problem, and making sure someone was watching all the time.
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Fire Sprinkler Time Line

1806- John Carey designs a systems of plungers and perforated pipes 1812 Colonel William Congreve designs perforated pipes and valves 1875 Parmelee invents the modern sprinkler. It consist of shells and soldered brass caps. 1882 Grinnell invents and improved sprinkler that can withstand higher pressures and distributes water more evenly

1896 N.F.P.A is formed and publishes codes for automatic sprinkler installation


Types of Sprinkler Systems Wet Sprinkler System

Dry Sprinkler System

Deluge Sprinkler System

Pre-Action Sprinkler



Parts of a Sprinkler System OS&Y Outside Stem & Yoke

PIV Post Indicator Valve

Main Control Valve Controls the water for the whole system Main Drain Drains system Inspector Test Tests systems Alarms Water flow and Air Alarms
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Components of Sprinkler System

Underground brings water from the City Mains to your building Water is sent through a backflow All systems usually require an FDC or Fire Department Connection to increase the water pressure during a fire Enters either the fire pump where it is pumped to a certain pressure or is released into the riser Risers (rise) vertically through the floors to feed the branch lines Branch lines extend off the Risers and Mains horizontally to bring water to all the sprinkler heads
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Wet System
Water is in branch lines and at the sprinkler heads at all times Wet Systems cannot be in areas that may freeze Water pressure must be maintained at all times

Water Pumps are put in place to keep water pressure at a certain PSI
There is no delay in time that water is put on the fire

Require the least amount of maintenance



Dry Sprinkler System

Require Air Pressure instead of water in the Branch Lines The Air Pressure holds down a Clapper Valve, so that water can not be introduced into the system, unless the air pressure is lost

Used in areas that may freeze

An air compressor keeps a constant pressure in the system

When a Fire releases a sprinkler head, the air is released from the piping, and stops holding down the valve that was holding the water back, and water is released
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Deluge - Not used at SDC Deluge Valves are used in special areas

Sprinkler heads are open at all times

Used in High Hazard areas

Deluge Valve opens during a smoke or heat detection

Deluge systems are needed where high velocity suppression is necessary to prevent fire spread
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Deluge - Picture



Pre-Action Sprinkler System

Same as a Dry System Water is held back by an electronically operated valve Two things need to happen before water is released The detection system must identify that there is a problem with smoke or flame Water is then released into the piping Secondly the sprinkler heads must be activated and released to put water on the fire.



Types of Sprinkler Heads Pendants


Special Coverage



Fire Sprinkler Colors 135-170 degrees = Red

175-225 degrees = Green

250-300 degrees = Blue

325-375 degrees = Purple

400-650 degrees = BLACK



Pendant Head Most common head

Extends down from a ceiling

Sprinkler sprays a stream downward onto a deflector



Upright Head Sits on top of the piping

Sprays water up towards the deflector

Can not be used as a pendant



Sidewall Heads Comes out of a wall to protect hallways or small rooms Has a fan shaped deflector Used in Hallways or special areas that are not big enough for regular heads



Special Heads Sprinkler heads have been designed to protect everything from attics to window openings Attic head have special bends in them to throw water at certain angles Coatings for corrosive areas and heads to match dcor of room even exist

Dry Pendants are used to protect areas that freeze on wet systems
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Types of Sprinkler Systems Residential-Just beginning to become popular

Piping is made of a special CPVC plastic

Industrial-Heavy amounts of fire load require many heads.

Piping is usually made of metal