DRK Institute of Science & Technology

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering Wireless Fire Extinguisher Vehicle

PROJECT GUIDE:
M.BHANUVARDHAN REDDY

PRESENTED BY: G.PRIYANKA B.LAKSHMI SWATHI C.GOWTHAMI S.DIVYA
Project- Seminar

DATE: 20-04-2012

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering Wireless Fire Extinguisher Vehicle

INTRODUCTION ABSTRACT EMBEDDED SYSTEMS BLOCK DIAGRAM MICROCONTROLLERS BATTERY VOLTAGE REGULATOR RF MODULE ENCODER AND DECODER DC MOTOR
DATE: 20-04-2012

MOTOR DRIVER RELAY CIRCUIT DIAGRAM PROJECT WORKING KEIL SOFTWARE ADVANTAGES DISADVANTGES APPLICATIONS FUTURE SCOPE CONCLUSION
Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering Wireless Fire Extinguisher Vehicle

A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. A robot is a mechanical or virtual intelligent agent that can perform tasks automatically or with guidance, typically by remote control.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

The main objective of the project is to extinguish fire using a robotic vehicle which is remotely controlled through RF technology.

RF transmitter module works as a remote to control the motion of the robot either to move it forward or backward and the motion of the water pipe up and down of the robot through which it throws water to extinguish the fire.
On the robot RF receiver module is placed that receives commands from the transmitter and acts accordingly.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
We are living in the Embedded World and surrounded with many embedded products. An embedded system is a combination of computing H/W and S/W, and perhaps additional mechanical or other parts, designed to perform a specific function. An embedded system is a component with in some larger system.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

APPLICATIONS:
Military and aerospace embedded software applications.

Communication applications.
Industrial automation and process control software. Mastering the complexity of applications. Reduction of product design time. Real time processing of ever increasing amounts of data.

Intelligent, autonomous sensors.
DATE : 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
TRANSMITTER BLOCK DIAGRAM

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher RECEIVER BLOCK DIAGRAM

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
A microcontroller is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core, memory, and programmable input/output peripherals.
Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications, in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications.
CPU I/O Port
DATE: 20-04-2012

RAM ROM Serial Timer COM Port

A single chip Microcontroller
Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

• • • • • • • •

The 2051 is a 20 pin version of the 8051 128 x 8-bit Internal RAM 15 Programmable I/O Lines Two 16-bit Timer/Counters Six Interrupt Sources Programmable Serial UART Channel On-chip Analog Comparator Low-power Idle and Power-down Modes
Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DATE: 20-04-2012

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher AT89C2051 PIN DIAGRAM

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
AT89C52 is an 8-bit microcontroller and belongs to Atmel's 8051 family.

AT89C52 has 8KB of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (EPROM) and 256 bytes of RAM. AT89C52 has an endurance of 1000 Write/Erase cycles, which means that it can be erased and programmed to a maximum of 1000 times.
Similar to the 8051 microcontroller it has 32 Programmable I/O Lines and Full Duplex UART Serial Channel.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
The main differences between AT89C51 and AT89C52 have been tabulated below.
AT89C52 RAM 256 Bytes AT89C51 128 Bytes

Flash
Number of Timers/counters Number of interrupt Sources

8KB
3(16-bit wide) 8

4KB
2(16-bit wide) 6

The two microcontroller they are very similar in their pin configurations and operations except that pins, P1.0 and P1.1 are multiplexed to correspond to Timer2 operations in AT89C52.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

An electrical battery is a combination of one or more electrochemical cells. They are used to convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy. The chemical reaction is allowed to continue only when a conductive path is created from one side of the cell to the other. The cell "dies" when the chemical reaction has run its course and can no longer separate electrons from protons.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
The voltage source in a circuit may have fluctuations and would not give the fixed voltage output.

A voltage regulator is an electrical device designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level.
Most digital logic circuits and processors need a 5 volt power supply. To make a 5 volt power supply, we use a LM7805 voltage regulator IC .

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

BATTERY

RECTIFIER

FILTER

LOAD

REGULATOR

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
The RF module, as the name suggests, operates at Radio Frequency. This RF module comprises of an RF Transmitter RF Receiver The transmitter/receiver pair operates at a frequency of 434 MHz An RF transmitter receives serial data and transmits it wirelessly through RF through its antenna. The transmission occurs at the rate of 1Kbps - 10Kbps.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
The transmitted data is received by an RF receiver operating at the same frequency as that of the transmitter.
In this RF system, the digital data is represented as variations in the amplitude of carrier wave. This kind of modulation is known as Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK). An ASK transmitter draws no power when transmitting “zero” while fully suppressing the carrier frequency thus consume significantly low power in battery operation. When logic “one” is sent carrier is fully on.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

The ST-TX01-ASK is an ASK Hybrid transmitter module.

ST-TX01-ASK is designed by the with an effective low cost, small size, and simple-to-use for designing.
Frequency Range: 315 / 433.92 MHZ. Supply Voltage: 3~12V. Output Power: 4~16dBm
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

The ST-RX02-ASK is an ASK Hybrid receiver module. Receiver Frequency: 315 / 433.92 MHZ

Operation temperature range: ﹣20℃~+70℃
Operation voltage: 5 Volts. Supply Current: 3.5mA

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

The encoder coverts the parallel data into serial data while the decoder converts serial data into parallel data Operating voltage: from 2.4V to 12V The oscillator frequency of the value of decoders is 50 times the oscillator frequency of encoder. C is internally built so a change in R value between the 15 and 16 pin’s will determine oscillators frequency. In decoder IC we go for a value approximately equal to 51kohms one can chose other values based on the graph.
DATE: 20-04-2012 Project- Seminar Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

PRINCIPLE:
A current-carrying conductor generates a magnetic field, when this is then

placed in an external magnetic field, it
will experience a force proportional to the current in the conductor, and to the

strength of the external magnetic field.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
L293D is a dual H-bridge motor driver integrated circuit (IC).

Motor drivers act as current amplifiers since they take a lowcurrent control signal and provide a higher-current signal.
This higher current signal is used to drive the motors.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
If enable 1and pin number 2 are high leaving pin number 7 as low then the motor rotates in forward direction. If enable 2 and pin number 10 are high leaving pin number 15 as low then the motor rotates in forward direction.

If enable 1 and pin number 2 are low leaving pin number 7 as high then the motor rotates in reverse direction.
If enable 2 and pin number 15 are high leaving pin number 10 as low then the motor rotates in forward direction.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
Relays are remote control electrical switches that are controlled by another switch. Control a high-voltage circuit with a lowvoltage signal Relays have two circuits. A control circuit and a load circuit. The control circuit has a small control coil while the load circuit has a switch. The coil controls the operation of the switch.

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE: 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
Microcontrollers have internal pull up resistors hence when a port pin is HIGH an output current of 5v/10k = 0.5ma flows through this internal pull up resistor. BC547 transistor will require enough base current to make sure it remains saturated and provide the necessary collector current i.e. 70ma. The gain of BC547 is 100 so we need to provide at least 70ma/100 = 0.7ma of base current.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
Keil is a German based Software development company.
It provides several development tools like IDE (Integrated Development environment) Project Manager Simulator Debugger C Cross Compiler, Cross Assembler, Locator/Linker

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

The steps to develop a microcontroller project using keil:
Create source files in C or assembly. Compile or assemble source files. Correct errors in source files. Link object files from compiler and assembler.

Test linked application.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
Semi automated vehicle. Risk free. Small and handy.

Cannot sense the heat. Sensitive components. Less communication range.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher
To put off outdoor fires. Irrigation for agricultural purpose. Military purpose.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

Voice operated fire extinguisher. Robot can be made fully automatic by adding heat sensors. A wireless camera can be placed on the body of the robot so that it can be used as an indoor fire extinguisher.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

It is an interesting project that challenges to design a small robot that is capable of extinguishing a fire. A solid and reliable design for this project has been constructed and tested with promising results.

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar

DRK Institute of Science & Technology
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

Wireless Fire Extinguisher

DATE : 20-04-2012

Project- Seminar

Project- Seminar