Dharwad Overview | Agriculture

Agriculture is even now labour-intensive enterprise. During the British rule. Vijayanagar. • • • • .. The majority of Hindus are found in both urban and rural areas. the southern Maratha country was brought under Regulation VII and the territories were formed into one Collectorate called Dharwad District or Zilla. In the district. Thus strictly speaking. marginal workers and non-workers. Mysore kingdom and Peshawas of Pune. Dharwad became the divisional headquarter of educational administration and Kannada the vernacular language of the people gained prominence The major religions in the district are Hinduism. Adilshahi. A few places of antiquarian interest and several sites of historical importance are found in the district. Due to the rule of Peshwas. viz. Before trifurcation of the district into Gadag and Haveri. the district takes its name from a portion of the pre-eminent town of the district. Rastrakutas. Islam. In 1830. The population of the district is divided mainly into 3 categories. Important among them are Badami and Kalyan Chalukyas. Hence the district has an above average proportion of workers in its population and offers opportunities to seasonal workers. influence of Marathi is seen in the early decades of the 19th century. main workers. dry farming is the backbone of the agricultural economy. Jainism and Christianity. The district was ruled by various dynasties from the 5th century onwards. the district consisted of 17 talukas.• • • • • DISTRICT PROFILE Historical Background: Historical studies show that people from early Paleolithic age inhabited Dharwad district. In 1962 the erstwhile towns of Dharwad and Hubli were amalgamated to constitute the Hubli Dharwad Municipal Corporation.

As monsoon is highly uncertain in nature and as there is no major irrigation project or any hydel power generating station in the district. • • • • • • The mineral wealth is not quite impressive and forest wealth is equally unattractive. 39% makes up for working class. and the main rabi crops are jowar. Till today. and also that agriculture is the main occupation in the whole of rural area of the district. i. The prestigious University of Agricultural Sciences at Dharwad has discovered new species of cotton and chilies. Telugu. Of the total population.14861 and at constant prices [93-94] it is Rs. Economy : The district falls in Tropical Region.. Gujarati and Malayalam. chilies.e. The main kharif crops are cotton. Hubli-Dharwad are two of the major commercial centres in the State.10462. The district has as many as 216 banks and 535 ration shops. there is high degree of dry-land farming. Marathi. Islam. The State level per capita income at current prices is Rs. . On the industrial side. This explains that the district is an agrobased economy. The per capita income at current prices is Rs. Many labourers largely depend on seasonal employment. sugarcane and groundnuts. Therefore other activities of economy. Manufacturing industry.• • • • • • • Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics The district is a place for people belonging to various religions like Hinduism. The widely spoken language in the district is Kannada. trade and commerce are completely dependent on agriculture.14909. while a thin population is found using languages like Urdu. rice etc. Out of total cultivated land. only 12.10% is irrigated [as per the 4 th Economic Survey – 1998]. Hindi. wheat. agriculture is a labour intensive enterprise. which is largely affected by monsoons. it is seen that there are 50602 industrial units existing in the district. which is the first of its kind in the world. This consists of 26% of those engaged in agriculture sector. Jainism and Christianity. The existence of this prestigious institution has boosted the agro-based industries in the district. particularly agro-based industry makes a significant contribution to the economy. are spread across rural and urban areas. in particular. Hindus.

• • • • • • . of holy places. Amminbhavi Hiremath and Holy the Christ Church of Dharwad. like Muraghamath of Dharwad. Public Health and Family Welfare : The public health infrastructure of Dharwad District consists of 26 Primary Health Centres. has no. 163 kms of State and 599 kms of District Highways. Mallikarjun Mansur. There are 12 big bridges in the district. The prestigious Jnanapeetha awardee Dr. literature and art by producing famous and memorable names.• • • • • • • • • Transportation and Communication : Dharwad District has 156 kms of National. There are 151 kms of railway line. 3 SubHealth Units. 5 Govt. There are 216 post offices. Hospitals. It has enriched the cultural fields like music. Bendre of Dharwad. Bhimasen Joshi. Apart from this it has 777 village roads. 437 TDB roads. R. the district being secular. has contributed to the field of literature. have not only contributed to the field of music but have also made the district proud. 32 Forest Roads and 189 other roads. Renowned classical Hindustani singers like Kumar Gandaharva. which has been converted into broad gauge. to the extent of infinity. which has celebrated its 150th year. The well known artist Halbhavi also belongs to Dharwad. Basavaraj Rajguru and Sangeeta Katti. There are 21 railway stations on this line. 27 Private Nursing Homes and Hospitals and 6 Family Welfare Centres with 185 sub-Family Welfare Units. Smt Gangubai Hangal. On the religious front. Cultural Characteristics : The district receives a special recognition on the cultural map of the state. Pt. Siddaroodhamatha and Moorsaviramath of Hubli. 167 telegraph and 73 telephone exchanges as means of communication for the general public. D.

As per 2001 census.. i.98. Bangalore.53%. it is 52.e. As per 1991 census. The HDMC population works out to 6.53% of the Class I cities as per 2001 census. .Taluk Area Total Population Male Female Rural 202517 103962 98555 Dharwad Urban 16286 8290 7996 Total 218803 112252 106551 The percentage of urban population to the total population is 54. urban population is more than rural population. Hubli-Dharwad twin cities stand 2nd in the State having the highest population next to the capital city.

72%]. If we exclude these two cities. Block Total Population (2001) Total SC % of SC population to total Population Male Female Total ST % of ST population to total Population Male Female Dharwad 218803 19692 9.50 7312 6910 • Hubli Dharwad cities form 49.42%] and that of Female Population in Urban Areas is [48. · The size of Male Population is more in both Urban and Rural areas. The percentage of residents in urban area is more than that in Rural area i.SC Population (2001) Approx.e. · The size of Male Population in Rural areas is [51.00 10124 9568 14222 6. 54. then there will not be any urban area in Hubli Taluka. ST Population (2001) Approx. These two cities have floating population and consists of children of elementary education..00% of the total population of the district.98%. These points insist on having separate BRC for these educational blocks. • • • • • .

No Taluka 1991 1 2 3 4 5 6 Dharwad Hubli Kalghatagi Kundagol Navalgund HDMC District Total 187 178 177 212 149 3394 333 2001 216 203 200 242 163 4136 376 Year Sex Ratio 1971 928 1981 938 1991 935 2001 948 ** Source :Census 1991. .Density Sl. 2001 census.

City Statistics ROAD Total Area Constructed Area Road Length Total Villages Included Rainfall & Temperature Average rainfall Temperature Height from sea level Solid Waste Management Total Amount of SWG per day(in tonnes) 400 tonnes/day 818 mm Max.16oC 2580 feet 202.28 Sq.78 Sq.39oC Min.Km 595 Kms 45 Total Amount of MSW collected per day(in 256 tonnes/day tones) .Km 72.

989 3092 67 2917 35.357 .292 6.Streetlight details Tube Light Sodium Vapour lamps Mercury vapour Lamps High Mast Installation Others Total 22.

after the state reorganization based on the language. Dharwad became part of Karnataka State.From 1947 Aug 15 to 1956 Oct 31. Important Events in Dharwad's history 1818 Dharwad came under complete British rule. the district of Dharwad was in the Bombay province as the British Govt. On the 1st Nov 1956. General Munroe starts civil rule. divided it. 1820 Post office and District Collector's offices are established. 1820 Civil Magistrate's courthouse is built 1821 Collector Thackeray commences land survey 1824 Thackeray killed in the battle of Kittur by Rani Chennamma's forces 1826 First Marathi school 1830 Formation of the district of Dharwad .

Dharwad Location: This is a one of the earliest erstwhile settlements in Dharwad. Majority of the residents in this locality are orthodox Brahmins and a few recent buildings belong to people of other communities. .Shrukravarpet.

And the wood . Teakwood is used extensively on for construction – on the interiors and exteriors. many households have private temples of their own within the houses.The settlement has numerous temples As a part of olden tradition.

Community wells are also plenty – only few are well maintained and still in use. Some of the community wells are polluted with debris and the yearly immersion of idols.There are two lakes in the surrounding areas and almost every household has a well. .

Some houses are rented out to tenants. Many families have divided over the years and the house is split accordingly. And many others have been modified according to the latest requirements. Some houses are partly renovated due to the decaying of the structure over the years. Owners settled in b’lore Has 7 partitions – rented out. .

.Conclusions: •Majority of the houses are ill maintained. But otherwise the woodwork is in very good condition. •The blithe areas are pulled down and new houses are built in the same area.

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