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Fish

Classification
Kingdom- Animalia Phylum- Chordata Sub Phylum- Vertebrata Classes- Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes

Lets go to the Video!

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Agnatha
Jawless fish: Lampreys, Hagfish

Types of Agnathans
Hagfish- Ocean scavengers, not much is known about them. Lamprey- fresh and salt water, they are parasitic and prey on other fish. * Both have cartilagenous skeletons and sucker-like mouths.

A Sliming Hagfish

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The Sea Lamprey

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Sea Lamprey Project

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More Video..

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Chondricthyes
Cartilagenous Fish: Shark, Ray

Chondrichthyes
Sharks are adapted for a predatory lifestyle. Cartilage skeletons, stiff pectoral fins (speed). No operculum, must keep moving to breathe. Have live births. Special scales feel like sandpaper. Manta, and Sting Rays- live in shallow water, have mouths located on the underside, are fairly docile, wide flat bodies and wing-like fins that are flexible.

Types of Chondrichthyes
Sharks and Rays- have no operculum and must keep moving to breathe. Have different kinds of scales that feel and look more like sandpaper. Have skeletons made of cartilage not bones.

Shaaaaaaark!!!!!

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Is this Guy Nuts??????

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They get a Bad Rap :-(

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Spotted Eagle Rays

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Osteichthyes
Bony Fish: Salmon, Carp, Tuna
Over 20,000 different species

One Last Word on Fish.

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Types of Osteichthyes
Ray Finned:
Most fish are this type Fins are supported by bony structures called Rays. Teleosts are the most advanced form of ray finned fish (symmetrical tails and mobile fins).

Lobe Finned:
Fins are long, fleshy, muscular, supported by central core of bones. Thought to be ancestors of amphibians. Examples are: Coelacanth, Lungfish

Bizarre Fish

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Bizarre Fish the Sequel

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Fish Characteristics
Gills Backbone (vertebrae) Paired Fins Single Loop Circulation Two chambered heart

Fish Anatomy

Fins

Different Dorsal Fins

Fish Respiration
Water flows over Gills as fish opens mouth and swims. Water flows opposite direction of blood flow. O2 diffuses from the water into the blood. Gills are made of thousands of gill filaments. Gills are covered by the Operculum.

Up Close and Personal

Fish Circulation
Fish heart has 2 chambers Single loop circulation Blood flows into gills, picks up O2, goes to the body, returns to the heart.

Fish Reproduction
Most Fish reproduce sexually, and fertilize their eggs externally (Sharks-internally). Spawning is the process of fertilizing eggs. Baby fish are called FRY.

Lets Get Ready to Rumble..

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Lamprey Spawning Behavior

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Fish Adaptations
Lateral Line System- used to detect vibrations, orient the fish in water, it is a line of cells running down the side of the fish. Operculum- gill cover, movement of operculum allows more water to be drawn in. Swim Bladder- a gas filled sac that helps the fish maintain buoyancy. Sharks dont have a swim bladder! Fins- Dorsal, Caudal, Pectoral, Pelvic, Anal.

Adaptations
Air Bladder Operculum Gills Lateral Line

Fins

Just Amazing!!!!

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Amaaaaaaaazing!!!

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Speed Demon

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Fooling w/ Mom Nature

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