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Design of a steam power plant

at

KOTA SUPER THERMAL POWER STATION(K.T.P.S) kota ,Rajasthan

SUBMITTED BY:

Guided by:Mr. sunil Madan

BY:-

Abhishek meena 09115004,E-1 B.tech,EE ,4th year

Contents
Introduction Rankin cycle Coal Handling Plant. Boiler . Turbine and Turbo generator . Excitation sytem Ash handling plant Switchyard Control Panel Conclusion

Introduction
Location: Bank of Chambal river at up stream of Kota Barrage Stage I - (Two units each of 110 MW) = 2X110 MW Stage II- (Two units each of 210 MW) = 2X210 MW Stage III- (one unit of 210 MW) = 210 MW Stage IV- (one unit of 195 MW) = 195 MW Stage V- (one unit of 195 MW) =195 MW TOTAL POWER GENERATION = 1240 MW

Rankin Cycle

fig (2). Steam generation process

OVERVIEW OF COAL HANDLING PLANT


Row coal from BCCL. Dhanbad & bilaspur(MP) To KSTPS from gurla via a single railway track Wagon Tripler

Bunkers

Crusher house

Hoppers

feeders

Coal mills (pulverization)

Boiler furnace ( tangential firing of pulverized coal)

X 1.Fire tube Boiler :- Low thermal efficiency


2.Water tube Boiler:- Better thermal efficiency designed to absorb maximum amount of heat released in process of combustion. The various components of Boiler : 1).Furnace:- . (a) pulverized coal used as fuel . (b) UV flame scanners installed. 2). Superheater (540 degree C)& Reheater 3). Economiser 4) Dearator

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF BOILER


1.TYPE Water tube ,pulverized fuel fired, single drum type, tangential firing system BHEL 680tonnes /hour(210MW) 155 Kg./cm2 [G]

2. MAKE 3. CAPACITY 4. PRESSURE

5.TEMPERATURE 540 degree c

TURBINE : 1. Impulse turbine : constant cross section blades . 2. Impulse reaction turbine:- converging blades .

Turbine is a machine in which shaft is rotated steadily by impact of steam upon blades of turbine . Rated speed : 3000rpm

High pressure

Steam TURBINE

Intermediate pressure

Low pressure

TURBO GENERATOR :Designed for continuous operation at the rated output. Driven by directly coupled steam turbine at a speed of 3000 r.p.m. Cooling of generator commonly H 2 gas used Temperature of windings is maintain by H2 coolant Hydrogen dryers : absorb the impure H2 in generator

Generator Excitation
o Power is taken from 11kv bus ducts using step down rectifier transformer o Rectification is done by using thyristors(640V for 110MW generator) o AVR used for controlling firing angle of thyristor
Bring speed of operation of 3000rpm , voltage is slowly built up . Synchronization: Voltage Frequency Phase placement Phase sequence Wave form

ASH HANDLING PLANT


Electrostatic Precipitator(ESP). :- filtering device Ash Fly ash (80%). Used for making bricks. Cement. Bottom ash (20%) Used to improve fertility. Roads.
To collect ash two ponds of capacity 150 & 230 hact. Are available

EXHAUSTED GASES

FLY ASH & FLUE GASES (80%)

ESP
DRY & WET ASH(20%) CHIMNEY

FURNACE
. HOPPERS

Cement Factories

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF ASH HANLING PLANT

Electrostatic Precipitator(ESP).
Air pollution preventing equipment It is used to extract suspended particles from flue gases A high DC voltage is fed to ESP Electrodes that cause corona effect (ionized atmosphere).

SWITCHYARD
Circuit Breaker Lightning arrestor Isolators C.Ts & P.Ts Relays

SWITCHYARD
220 KV System
P.T. & C.T.

CIRCUIT BREAKERS

Minimum oil circuit breaker of BHEL make is used.


rated for 245 KW, 2500 A and 13400 MVA.

Provided for measuring and protection. They are BHEL make, single phase, oil filled nitrogen sealed outdoor type.

ISOLATOR

Provided in 220KV switchyard and are motor operated Triple pole double breaker type, L&T make, rated for 245 KV and 1250 A.

Fan Control

Turbine Control

CONTROL ROOM
Fuel Control Generator Control
Stator Rotor Temp For Stator Cooling (a) H2 pressure b) H2O pressure

Conclusion
The architecture of the power plant the way various units are linked and the way working of whole plant is controlled make the student realize that engineering is not just learning the structured description and working of various machines, but the greater part is of planning proper management

References
Kota Thermal Power Plant". Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd. Kota thermal power plant, Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kota_Super_Thermal_Power_Plant ESP, Wikipedia . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaerator Economizers.wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economiser