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Transformational Leadership

Adapted from LINDA MORRISON CHRISTIAN CARE CENTERS, INC.


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Objectives
Define transformational leadership

Discuss and compare leadership styles

Identify qualities that best meet organizational and individual staff needs

Transformational Leadership
Transformational leadership has been described by various individuals
Many articles written about this style and it is considered the most popular to teach or model

Definition 1
According to Wikipedia:
Transformational leadership is a leadership style where one or more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morality
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Definition 2
According to Tracey and Hinkin (1998), transformational leadership is a process that motivates people by appealing to higher ideas and moral values, defining and articulating a vision of the future and forming a base of credibility

Four Key Elements of Transformational Leadership


The Four Is: Idealized influence Inspirational motivation
Intellectual stimulation Individualized consideration (Joanne Ciulla)
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How Common Is Transformational Leadership


Transformational leadership is often seen in various situations such as: Parents motivating their children
A teacher motivating a student or students A manager motivating their staff
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Burns
MacGregor Burns first introduced transformational leadership in 1978 but not for long term care or even healthcare at the time, it was for political leadership
Burns described and compared two conflicting leadership styles

Transactional
First: Transactional leadership
Example: If you help me THEN I will help you

Transactional cont~
If it benefits me and I get somewhere in life then fine if it does not go well, the relationship can end at any point. No loyalty or support involved by either individual

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Transformational
Flip side is Transformational Leadership
The leader works to establish a committed relationship between the leader and the follower

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Transformational
Belief that transformational leaders are facilitators of change and move the process through the organization

Create a sense of possibility and vision for the future of the organization
Have a desire for common goals, not me but us

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What Is Your Leadership Temperature?


How do you know where you fall on the leadership scale?

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The Leaders Self Inventory


Before a leader is strong enough to lead
They need to have a personal transformation A leaders behavior influences and motivates others so it is very important that a leader does a self evaluation
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Take the Test


Various tests that help you to better understand your leadership style by focusing on your personality traits and who you are as an individual

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Test Examples
Myers-Briggs Personality Test: Measures psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions
Clifton StrengthsFinder Themes: 180 questions to help you determine your top five strengths and talents, similar to Myers-Briggs
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How Do We Decide
When you are talking about leadership style, it is a good idea to write down what want you want to be as a leader, what will your leadership wish list include?

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Leading Your Staff through Change


Look at the needs of your staff and how you can best lead them through culture change and all of the day to day changes that occur within your community

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What Qualities Make the Best Style?


How do you want the residents and elders to be treated? Start thinking in terms of best serving your population and then consider these qualities as what you want to model for your staff

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Respect
First and foremost is respect
You want your staff to know that you respect and appreciate them

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Dignity
You want the staff to have a sense of dignity about working for your organization to feel that they are treated with dignity and in turn that they treat the residents and elders with dignity

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Tailored to Fit
Your leadership style should be tailored to meet the needs of the organization and the needs of each individual, each of your staff

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Organization Comparison
How would an organization look with the influence of a Transformational Leader vs. a Transactional Leader?

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Hierarchy Top Down


I am the boss what I say goes Staff have little say in decision making Get the job done, task over relationship Very task oriented in nature
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Influenced by Transformational Leadership


Residents and direct care staff are at the heart of the nursing home They direct the care and make decisions

Hierarchy is no longer the guide


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What is Special About the Staff?


With transformational leadership we look for ways to bring out the best in staff To help them to grow Search for new opportunities that the staff want to participate in As the staff grow they rise to the occasion
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What are the benefits?


Research has identified many benefits to transformational leadership. Examples include~ Job satisfaction Less stress Happier residents Improvement in quality of care and safety practices
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Summary
As a leaderknow your staff
Work to bring out the best in each individual Value their input and allow them to grow

This is the foundation of a transformational leader!


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