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Presented by :::

Prince Mohammad Ranbireshwar Silica agarwal Owais sheikh Tasmeer un nazir Paras kapur Anju singh

IN ANY TYPE OF POULTRY OPERATION WHAT IS THE MAJOR CAUSE OF POOR BIRD PERFORMANCE ?

POULTRY OPERATION

LARGE-SCALE
SMALL SCALE

QUESTION

STRESSORS
Dust NH3/H2S Heat

Vaccination
Rough Handling Poor Sanitation Weighing Pecking Order

Mold & Mycotoxins Cold Poor Ventilation Parasites Loud Noises Bacteria Viruses Humidity Protozoa Beak Dirty Water Trimming

Molting

Crowding Feed Poor Litter Restriction Quality

Nutritional Deficiencies

SMALL SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION


TWO MAJOR SECTORS

CONVENTIONAL PASTURE ORGANIC

SMALL SCALE POULTRY PRODUCTION


TWO MAJOR SECTORS

LIMITED BREED OPTIONS EXIST


CORNISH CROSS HYBRIDS COMMERCIAL BROILERS (MEAT-BIRDS)
FAST GROWING (5 POUNDS IN 6 WEEKS) VERY TENDER NO STRONG FLAVOR WHITE FEATHERS

HERITAGE BREEDS
CONSIDERED DUAL PURPOSE
SLOWER GROWTH SMALLER CARCASS SIZE STRONGER FLAVOR COLORED FEATHERS

COMMERCIAL BROILERS

COMMERCIAL BROILERS

SMALL SCALE PRODUCTION


(COMMERCIAL BROILERS)

IDENTICAL GENETICS

SMALL SCALE PRODUCTION

SIMILAR BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BROODING NUTRITION HOUSING AND EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT

HERITAGE BREEDS (AMERICAN LIVESTOCK BREEDS CONSERVANCY)

NEW HAMPSHIRE

BARRED ROCKS

BUFF ORPINGTONS

SMALL SCALE PRODUCTION

CONFINEMENT PASTURE
OR

ORGANIC

SEVERAL BREED OPTIONS EXIST

WHITE LEGHORN

RHODE ISLAND RED

ARAUCANAS

WHAT IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST CHALLENGES IN ORGANIC POULTRY PROCESSING ?

FINDING THE FACILITIES THAT WILL KILL AND PROCESS THE BIRDS

INFORMATION BASE QUESTION

WHY ARE THE FIRST 2-3 WEEKS OF LIFE SO VERY IMPORTANT FOR CHICKS ?

QUESTION

ALL THE BIRDS BODY SYSTEMS ARE DEVELOPING

TISSUE TYPES

SUPPLY TISSUES

DEMAND TISSUES

LUNGS LIVER PANCREAS DIGESTIVE TRACT

MUSCLE BONE FEATHERS BEAK

1-DAY OLD BROILER CHICK

RESIDUAL YOLK

IMMATURE DIGESTIVE TRACT

HATCH

1 WEEK OF AGE

TOTAL MASS IS 4 FOLD GREATER THAN REST OF BODY

DURING EMBRYOGENESIS
THE DIGESTIVE TRACT DEVELOPS BEFORE THE BRAIN

COMMERCIAL SCALE

SMALL SCALE

BROODING UNITS

BOX

BATTERY

BROODING UNITS

BROODING RINGS

BROODING UNITS

LAMP-TYPE BROODER

BROODING

BROODING HEAT SOURCES

BROODING UNITS

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO DETERMINE IF THE CHICKS ARE COMFORTABLE IN THE BROODER ?
THE CHICKS WILL TELL YOU IF THEY ARE COMFORTABLE

QUESTION

BROODING
THE CHICKS WILL TELL YOU IF THEY ARE COMFORTABLE

TODAYS MEAT-TYPE BIRDS GROW VERY RAPIDLY


BODY WEIGHT

1000 HOURS
AGE 42 DAYS

MOST CRITICAL PERIOD

FEED INTAKE IS

ESSENTIAL

.FACT.
WHEN FEED INTAKE DECLINES GUT DEVELOPMENT DECLINES

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO DETERMINE IF THE CHICKS ARE EATING FEED IMMEDIATELY AFTER THEY ARE PLACED IN THE BROODING AREA ?

QUESTION

WHAT IS THE BEST WAY TO DETERMINE IF THE CHICKS ARE EATING FEED IMMEDIATELY AFTER THEY ARE PLACED IN THE BROODING AREA ?

QUESTION

GOAL
HOURS AFTER CROP FILL PLACEMENT (% OF CHICKS) 2 75 12 85 24 95+

LETS TALK A LITTLE BIT


ABOUT

IMPORTANT NUTRITIONAL CONCEPT

IMPORTANT NUTRITIONAL CONCEPT

NUTRITION IS FIXED

NUTRITION IS NOT FIXED

NUTRITIONALLY SPEAKING WHAT ARE THE ONLY SIX THINGS CHICKENS NEED ?

SIX MAJOR NUTRIENTS


CARBOHYDRATE LIPID PROTEIN VITAMINS MINERALS WATER

VERY IMPORTANT CONCEPT OF NUTRITION TO REMEMBER


..ENERGY IS A NUTRIENT.. IT IS A PROPERTY OF THREE NUTRIENTS

NOT
LIPID

CARBOHYDRATE

PROTEIN

VERY IMPORTANT CONCEPT OF POULTRY NUTRITION TO REMEMBER

MOST POULTRY
EAT THE AMOUNT OF FEED THEY NEED IN ORDER TO MEET AN ENERGY REQUIREMENT

IMPORTANT FACT TO REMEMBER

TODAY
FEED COSTS REPRESENT APPROXIMATELY

75% OF THE TOTAL COST OF


PRODUCING MEAT AND EGGS

$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

CONVENTIONAL PRODUCTION
1) USE THE CORRECT FEED FOR EACH AGE & BIRD TYPE

STARTER

GROWER

FINISHER

LAYER

CONVENTIONAL PRODUCTION
2) IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO FEED CRACKED CORN OR SCRATCH FEED OR LIMESTONE OR OYSTERSHELLS
(REMEMBER: BLENDING WITH GRAINS DILUTES THE NUTRITION)

1) NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS MUST BE MET BY FEEDING A COMPLETE DIET (BALANCED ENERGY & NUTRIENTS)

3) HOME-MIXED FEEDS MAY BE USED BUT INGREDIENTS MAY BE DIFFICULT AT TIMES TO ACQUIRE
4) DO NOT LIMIT FEED CONSUMPTION BY RESTRICTING FEED BECAUSE THIS WILL DECREASE PERFORMANCE

ORGANIC PRODUCTION
1) NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS DO NOT CHANGE 2) THE FEED MUST BE ORGANIC (INCLUDES PASTURES) 3) FEED IS MUCH MORE EXPENSIVE 4) DRUGS, ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS, ANTIBIOTICS AND GMO PRODUCTS ARE NOT ALLOWED IN THE FEED (NOP LIST) 5) SYNTHETIC VITAMINS AND MINERALS ARE ALLOWED BUT, SYNTHETIC AMINO ACIDS ARE NOT ALLOWED

ORGANIC PRODUCTION
6) FISHMEAL, ENZYMES AND OYSTER SHELL ARE ALLOWED 7) SYNTHETIC ANTIOXIDANTS ARE NOT ALLOWED IN DIETS 8) ALGAE, EARTHWORM AND INSECT MEALS ARE ALLOWED 9) PROBIOTICS ARE ALLOWED TO BE USED IN FEEDS 10) GRIT IS ALLOWED TO BE USED

QUESTION
HOW MUCH WATER WILL POULTRY DRINK

QUESTION HOW MUCH WATER WILL POULTRY DRINK

?
ANSWER

IT DEPENDS

BROILER AGE AND WATER CONSUMPTION

DAILY WATER CONSUMPTION


BROILERS
(UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS)

DAYS OF AGE X 6 ML

WHY DID THE CHICKEN CROSS THE ROAD ?

FINAL QUESTION

TO PROVE TO THE OPOSSUM IT IS POSSIBLE