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Hawk-Eye

A new technology used in sports.


Presented by

Lakshmi Kanta Maji. Roll- 1070043. Sec-A.


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IS UMPIRE DECISION ENOUGH???


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WHY HAWK-EYE?
Sport has great commercial importance and popularity. As a result , theres a need to make the game more interesting and make it as fair as possible. Human error plays vital role in decision making at decisive moments. There is need to bring a technology to minimize the chances of human error in such decision making.

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Introduction History What it can do? Principle of Hawk-Eye How does it work? Top level view of Hawk-Eye Technology for Hawk-Eye Applications Conclusion References
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Introduction
Hawk- Eye is a complex computer system

used in cricket, tennis and others game to track the path of the ball and display a record of its most statistically likely path as moving the image. Hawk-Eye is most innovative technology in sports broadcasting and is a development that will reinforce the groups presence and influence. Make the game interesting and fair.
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History
It was developed by engineers at Roke Manor Research Limited in 2001. Hawk-Eye is the brain-child of Mr. Paul Hawkins who had a Ph D in

Artificial Intelligence. The Patent being held by Dr. Hawkins & David Sherry.
It was first used during a

test match between Pakistan and England at Lords Cricket ground, on 21 April 2001.
It was used in tennis 2006 US

Open.

What can it Do?


Hawk-Eye can track any type of bounce, spin, swing and seam movement of the ball. Giving a prediction as accurate as percent. Hawk-Eye was used for referring decisions to

the third umpire in LBW.


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Principle of Hawk-Eye
The Hawk-Eye system based on the principle of Triangulation.

triangulation is the
process of determining the location of a point by measuring angle to it from known points at either end of a fixed baseline, rather than

How does it work??


Hawk-Eye used six highspeed video cameras placed high above the court to track and measure the trajectory

of every ball in a rally. It can pinpoint the bounce of a ball to within three millimeters and measure the skid and the distortion of the
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Top level view of Hawk-Eye system.


Camera calibration Start processing
Ball recognition Geometry Algorithms 3D position of ball Track of the ball Predict flight of the ball
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Technology for Hawk-Eye


Hawk-Eye takes 2 inputs

video provide by 6 different cameras placed at 6 different place. 2. Speed of the ball. The system rapidly processes the video feeds by using the high speed video processor.
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Continue.
Hawk-Eye incorporates both image analysis

and radar technology. Frame rate of cameras are 120MHz. They track the balls entire trajectory , right from the point where it is released from the bowlers hand to the point the ball is considered dead.

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Features of Hawk-Eye technology


The Hawk-Eye system consist of 2 significant parts. a) Tracking System b) Video Replay System

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Tracking system
There are 6 high speed vision processing cameras that track the ball from the bowlers hand to batsman. The system will automatically calculate the following step:
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The speed of the ball leaving the bowlers hand. The reaction time for the batsman. The swing of the ball from the bowlers hand to where the ball pitched. Where the ball was bowled from. How much the ball bounced How much the ball deviated sideways off the wicket(i.e. seam or spin).

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Video replay system


though the tracking data provides the coaches and players with the information for how they have performed.

The hawk-eye cricket System can incorporate more video replay camera for better analysis from different camera angles, which can be controlled

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Application
Its application mainly in sports.

Cricket Tennis Snooker and In some game Used in military power Use in automobile industry.
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Cricket
Hawk Eye help to resolve the following issue: Would the ball have hit the stump?? Did the ball pitch the line? Did the ball hit the batsman?? The single ,2s,3s,4s,6s that make up quick-fire 50s or centuries are represented by the different colors of the

wagon wheel.

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tennis
In tennis Hawk-Eye generates the impact of

the ball whether the ball is IN or OUT

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snooker
This technology is useful in cases where the cue ball touches the specified ball first or any other ball.

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ApplicAtion continue.
Automobile
The wheel alignment can

Military power
Track the enemy location

be done by use of this technology.

from far away distance. The E-2C aircraft used by US army use this technology.

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conclusion
This technology has met the accurate and

high reality features. Hawk- Eye is currently developing a system for FOOTBALL. This technology can be implemented in any type of game in our day to day life..

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references
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawk-Eye http://www.browniecamera.com/hawkeye.sht

ml http://www.hawkeyeinnovations.co.uk/ http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/a bishekcse-318198-hawkeye-abishekchaithanya-sports-ppt-powerpoint/ http://www.slideworld.com/pptslides.aspx/ha wk-eye-technology

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Thank you

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