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Today &


Travel and Tourism

Travel and Tourism: "comprises the activities
of persons travelling to and staying in places
outside their usual environment for not more than

one consecutive year for leisure, business, and
other purposes“

(WTTO et al, 1997 p.30).

Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development: "meeting the needs of

the present without compromising the ability of
future generations to meet their own needs"

(WECD, 1987, p.43).
World Commission on Environment and Development

satisfying their demands. and protecting the environment from degradation (adapted by Cater & Goodall.Sustainable Tourism  Sustainable Tourism: meeting the needs and improving the standard of living of the host population in the short and long term.1992). . continually attracting tourists.

robots. accessibility and affordability accelerated the tourism in the 20th century. Increase leisure time. mobility. and satellite communications have transformed the way that people live. . New technologies such as aviation. work. and play. enhanced telecommunications created more efficient modes of transportation. computers.Tourism Today    Desire. additional discretionary income.

• In 1979. before 14 years it was estimated •The travel & Tourism industry became a mature industry.Tourism Today • In the last few decades. in size. it was estimated that travel & tourism would be # 1 industry as of 2000. •As of 2005. the number of international travelers exceed 800 million. . tourism has become a popular global activity •In 1960s travel and tourism industry placed from eighth to 12th. • Tourism became #1 industry in 1986. achieving all time record.

Purpose of Trip Purpose of Trip Leisure. Recreation and Holiday Business travelers Visiting Friends and relatives Not specified and others 402 million 125 million 212 million 61 million 50% 16% 26% 8% .

International Tourism-An Overview .

5 51.6 21.3 20.1 58.International Tourism –An Overview WORLD’S TOP 10 TOURISM DESTINATIONS (2006) INTERNATIONAL RANK TOURIST ARRIVAL (MILLION) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 FRANCE SPAIN UNITED STATES CHINA ITALY UNITED KINGDOM GERMANY MEXICO AUSTRIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION 79.6 41.1 49.0 _____________________________________________________________ Source: World Tourism Organization (WTO) © (Data as collected by WTO June 2007) .1 30.7 23.4 20.2 TOTAL: 840.

9 38.8 16.1 42.9 33.9 16.0 © (Data as collected by WTO June 2007) .7 32.7 TOTAL: _____________________________________________________________ Source: World Tourism Organization (WTO) 800.An Overview WORLD’S TOP 10 TOURISM RECEIPTS (2006) INTERNATIONAL TOURISM RECEIPTS (BILLION) RANK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 UNITED STATES SPAIN FRANCE ITALY CHINA UNITED KINGDOM GERMANY AUSTRALIA TURKEY AUSTRIA 17.International Tourism.1 33.7 51.8 85.

International Tourism in 2006 East Asia/Pacific 19% Europe 56% Americas 17% Africa 3% Middle East 3% South Asia 2% .

2% Africa 5% .4% South Asia 1.International Tourism in 2020 Europe 46% East Asia/Pacific 25.1% Middle East 4.4% Americas 18.

3 5.8 10.8 6. National Institute for Governance University of Canberra.1 5.0 5.9 9.1 5.3 11.1 6.5 6.7 12.8 6.2 10 IRELAND _____________________________________________________________ Source: Global Tourism Winners: How countries and Companies Succeed in Tourism.7 2. Dr.7 9. .9 6.4 9.2 30.8 15. Australia.7 15. Paul Kauffman.Highest Growth in Arrivals HIGHEST GROWTH IN ARRIVALS(1990-2004) (GRWTH RATE) RANK ARRIVALS (%) RECEIPTS % ($) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 CROATIA TURKEY CHINA MACAO NEW ZEALAND THAILAND AUSTRALIA MALAYSIA INDIA 5.

Tourism in the Future  Growth  Growth  Sustainability: A Necessity  The is aimed at improving the can create problems. commercialism.  Sustainable will be essential across all research will continue to the elements of tourism  Tourism tourism maintain play a critical role in creating the necessary knowledge base to practices towards an acceptable balance between viable growth and environmental sustainability over the long term. . address complex and interrelated issues.  Quality of overcrowding. overdevelopment. like issues of quality upon which living standards of people  Growth the future of tourism depends lie at the heart of sustainability. community alienation.

adventure. noise pollution.Where will Tourism Growth Occur?  Special Market Segments   Tourists demand more unique and unconvential experiences in the future Cultural. rural. Build or expand existing airports? Local residents resist due to traffic. and unattractive development. sports-related tourism Should nations place geographical limits on tourist activity? Are there certain types of environments that should be protected from all forms of visitor intrusion? How will governments balance the competing demands for access to popular natural areas with their preservation and protection.  Balance and Protection     Massive Developments?  .

citizen safety.Who will benefit from Tourism Growth?    As growth occurs it is expected that more resources become available to more people-higher wages higher consumption. . environmental protection. health care. and planning. Increased health quality. education. arts and culture Governments can improve their services in areas such as social assistance and support. education.

4% •By 2020 Europe will remain the most popular destinations. but its share will drop to 46% •Space tourism is expected to “take off” in the first quarter of the 21st century. •Technological improvement is likely to make possible air-ship hotels.Tourism in the Future • The World Tourism Organization (WTO) forecasts that tourism will continue growing at the average rate of 4. floating cities. however number of tourists will remain limited. •Underwater hotels. such as Hydropolis expected to open in Dubai in 2009. movable hotels. .

Tourism in the Future Underwater Fiji Hotel The world’s first seafloor resort. the luxury complex is slated for a mid-2008 opening. . .com/watch?v=sUbkQyZrpl4 It’s coming soon for real by the end of 2008 with 220 suites in the Future Hydropolis Underwater Hotel at Dubai http://www.

not the water Flying Queen Mary 2 that could change the way you think about air travel.Tomorrow’s Hotels Flying Hotel The flying luxury hotel of tomorrow Cruise ship will sail through the air. Capacity: 250 passengers Max Speed: 174 mph Range: 6. A prototype and expects to have one completed by 2010.000 miles .

Tomorrow’s Hotels Manned Cloud .

Airship Hotels. .

It is suggested that when space scientists make it physically feasible to establish hotels in space and to transport people. “The possibility of an orbiting or lunar hotel is discussed. .Hilton on the Moon Hilton unveils plans for the first luxury hotel in space. the hotel industry will meet the challenge” (Barron Hilton).

Entrance to the Moon hotel with Earth hanging low above the lunar horizon .

. self-sustaining.Moving Hotels Hotel lodging of the future could be temporary. in locales where establishing a traditional holiday resort would be unacceptable environmentally and politically. prefabricated. licensed. transportable facilities. These holiday pods can be erected on sites all over the Earth. . born out of necessity.     It appears to be here to stay.Space Tourism  Space Tourism is a fledgling industry.  Driven by the same curiosity and ambition that took humanity to the Make your reservation now !!! The space tourism industry is officially open for business Tickets prices:20 million dollar for a one-week stay in space http://video.

. 2001. following an eight-day space flight which cost him 20 million dollars. 60. safely returned to Earth on May 06.American multimillionaire Dennis Tito.

000 passengers and generate $700 million in revenues per year by 2021.php?video_id=080123-spaceship2 . http://www.Virgin Galactic  Richard Branson form Spacecraft Building Company that will built the SpaceShipTwo First flights were planned in late 2008. seats onboard Virgin Galactic spaceships are price tagged at $200.000 people indicated their interest in making a reservation and paying a deposit. At present.000 each. early 2009. Space tourism have the potential to handle 15.000 Nearly 7.      By the fifth year of operations those prices will drop to around $

Low-cost access to space is a key to lofting orbiting facilities like this. well as public waiting lines for that special room with a view.Space Hotel Tourist stop? Hotel investment community is intrigued but remains skeptical.

Space Hotel The Space Island Space hotel will be as comfortable as an Earth hotel. .

Zero Gravity Entertainment .

Space Swimming Pool In a zero-g swimming pool there is no deep end! .

End of session .