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SAVE UR Daughters and Sisters

Empower Enrich Educate A K2 Vista Project sodasblog.wordpress.com

SODaS Mission
Reclaiming the Dignity, Beauty and Honor of Girls and Women in Building Healthy Societies by Combating child marriage, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), human trafficking, mutilation, exploitation, violence, and any crime against humanity

Problems
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Domestic Violence Rape Pornography Prostitution Sex Trafficking/Tourism Female Infanticide/Feticide Honor Killing/Dowry Death Child/Forced marriage Female Genital Mutilation Forced Sterilization Low self-esteem and perception of beauty/attractiveness

Problem
In most patriarchal societies (esp. in developing countries) women are considered property

Exploitation is irrespective of class, ethnic or religions group.

A Silent War on women


Many laws, little enforcement Religious institutions apathetic or complicit

Devaluing humanity of women

Condition of Women Homeless


A majority of the 100 million homeless are women and children.

Refugees
80% of worlds refugees are women.

General Poverty
Women receive 10% of the worlds income, 1% of worlds property and make up 70% of the worlds poor.

Condition of Women
Education
60% of the children that are kept from school are girls. 66% of the worlds 880 million illiterate adults are women.

Maternal Mortality
600,000 die each year worldwide through causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.

Domestic Violence
Dried fish and women are both better after they are beaten.
Korean Proverb

Domestic Violence
In the USA 1 in 4 women are abused by a husband or boyfriend every nine seconds.

Types of Violence
Sexual Abuse
Coercive sex Violent sex Forcing ones wife into sex with other men
Demeaning language Intimidation Harassment Smothering the person Emotional abandonment

Psychological Abuse

Types of Violence (Cont.)


Economic Abuse
Not providing for a wifes needs Leaching off of a wifes income Bankrupting the familys finances Creating a spirit of economic dependency

Physical Abuse

Rape

One in five will be victims of rape in their lifetime.

Rape Assault on the Soul


The violence of rape is not merely an assault on the physical being, but on the internal nature of the woman; it is an attack on her soul, her personhood, her dignity, and her identity.

Rape, a Weapon of War


Militias in East and Central Africa are gangraping and abducting girls as young as 8 and women as old as 80, systematically killing, torturing or using them as sex slaves,

South African Myth: Sex With a Virgin Prevents AIDS

Pornography
In US a $10-14B industry Hard Core
Is violent and sick Sadism-masochism, torture It is about the power over and control of women

Soft Core
Pin-ups, Playboy, locker room jokes, but still harmful

Prostitution
As many as 400,000 prostituted children in US 45,000 to 50,000 women & children trafficked into US every year, often for purpose of prostitution (Spangenberg, 2001) More than 600,000 child prostitutes working in US & Canada--produces $5 billion worldwide
Flowers, R. B. (2001). The sex trade industrys worldwide exploitation of children. Annals, AAPSS, 575, p. 147-157.

Prostitution: Facts
1. Average age of entry into prostitution is between 13-14 years. Most of these 13-14 year old girls are recruited or coerced into prostitution. The age of entry into prostitution is decreasing. 2. Incest is boot camp for prostitution. Estimates of the prevalence of incest in the personal histories of prostitutes range from 65% to 90%. 85% of prostitutes report a history of sexual abuse in childhood. 70% report being victims of incest.

Prostitution: Facts
3. Pimps target girls that are vulnerable, nave, lonely, homeless, rebellious. Once recruited, or purchased, prostitutes are kept in bondage to the pimp by verbal and physical abuse. 85% of prostitutes report being raped by their pimps.

4. Why do prostitutes stay with pimps? Humans bond emotionally with their keepers in captivity. Pimps isolate prostitutes to make them totally dependent upon them. Pimps use force to hold prostitutes captive.

Prostitution: Policy
If we view prostitution as violence against women, then it makes no sense to legalize or decriminalize it. Decriminalizing or legalizing prostitution would legitimate practices that are human rights violations, and in any other context would be illegal. In 1999, the Swedish Parliament put into effect a law that criminalizes the buying of sexual services, but not the selling of sexual services. Social reformists consider the Swedish law as a humane alternative because it places the criminal burden on the perpetrator rather than the victim.

A Modern Slave Trade


Prostitution not only is inherently harmful and dehumanizing to women and children; it also fuels the growth of trafficking in persons, or modern-day slavery. Women and girls, worldwide, are lured to foreign nations with promises of jobs. Then, they are forced into prostitution. With globalization and cheap transportation, you can move people easier and quicker than guns or drugs. And you can use them over and over and over again. You dont just sell them once and call it a day. Its very, very profitable.
Joy Zarembka of the Campaign for Migrant Domestic Workers Rights

WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING?


Human Trafficking is defined as the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for commercial sex, labour or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, for the purpose of subjecting that person to involuntary servitudes, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

This includes Sex trafficking, bondage For work and Bride trafficking

Girls & women treated as commodity exchanged, bought or sold

Owners decides their properties fate

A world-wide phenomenon

Trafficking: the numbers


It is estimated that 27,000,000 slaves exist in our world today Each year, 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders 80% female and 50% children Money made from human trafficking rivals that made from drug trafficking and illegal arms trade for the top criminal activity Trafficking is a $10 billion a year enterprise There are more human slaves today than when slavery was legal in the world

Causes of trafficking
Poverty especially among women worldwide Inadequate education Inadequate employment Erosion of traditional family values Racial discrimination, racism and intolerance Media, new technologies, pornography Discrimination of women, male attitudes

Causes of trafficking contd.


Economic disparities within countries Globalization and economic liberalization Civil and military conflicts/military bases Transnational crime and weak law enforcement Corruption by police, law enforcers, officials Expanding commercial sex industry

Trafficking Statistics
200,000 women and girls are trafficked in the Balkans each year. In 1993, the Thai Embassy in Tokyo, Japan estimated that there were between 80,000 100,000 Thai women working in the sex industry in Japan. Asian women are sold for $16,000 to brothels in the USA. 10,000 women from the former Soviet Union are forced into prostitution in Israel.

Three Methods of Traffickers


Fraud offered jobs, in some romantic place, as maids, in childcare, in travel or entertainment Violence Force to break the womans will. She may be beaten, raped or imprisoned to bring her to a point of compliance Intimidation Her travel documents may be taken from her, so she is in her new country illegally. Threats of injury or death to family at home

Bride Trafficking
Chinas one child policy now 111 million men who will not be able to find a wife Thriving trade in bride trafficking
Within China Outside China: North Korea, Vietnam

Baby Body Parts


East European women brought to Italy Impregnated Held in bondage until baby is born Baby body parts harvested Sold to private clinics in Israel and Turkey

Sex Touring Companies


Packaged tours Airfare Ground Transportation Hotels Tour Companion

Why Does It Happen?


Older men, from the USA and Europe looking for companionship in exotic places Seeking to avoid social stigma of using prostitutes in their own countries Looking for young girls, expecting to avoid sexually transmitted disease

Acid Attack

To disfigure, to punish, to make undesirable

(Victim Khadijah Age 25 yrs Age and name of boy unknown )

Female Feticide & Infanticide


Aborting female fetus or new born girl

India - Abortion Clinic Advertisement


it is better to spend $38 now to terminate a female fetus [baby] than $3,800 later on her dowry.

China
One child policy 1 million abandoned a year 111 million more men than women

India
Between 2-5 million female babies are aborted each year in India Dowry and marriage costs overwhelm poor Infant girls are buried or starved to death

Dowry Death

In India there are more than 5,000 women killed each year because of inadequate dowries.

Dowry Death
Bride fails to bring a high enough dowry Groom or his family want to gain another dowry so they kill the first wife Drive to suicide Kitchen accidents

Child/Forced Marriage
Without consent, not fully informed or under duress, coercion. Poverty major cause, and girls considered burden. Marriage to older man can bring financial or social benefit Sometimes marriage is a transaction done to settle debts Not mature, physically and emotionally, and not able to negotiate contraception that leads to early pregnancy Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, as older husbands may be infected Best way to address through education and poverty alleviation.

Prevalence of Child Marriage Top 20 Countries

Girls Married Before Age 18 (%) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13 15 16 17 18 18 20 Niger (1998) Chad (2004) Bangladesh (2004) Mali (2001) Guinea (1999) CAR (1994/95) Nepal (2001) Mozambique (2003) Uganda (2000/01) Burkina Faso (2003) India (1998/99) Ethiopia (2000) Liberia (1986) Yemen (1997) Cameroon (2004) Eritrea (2002) Malawi (2000) Nicaragua (2001) Nigeria (2003) Zambia (2001/02) 76 71 68 65 64 57 56 55 54 51 50 49 48 48 47 47 46 43 43 42

CHILD MARRIAGES

Soon to be wed Faiz Mohammed, 40 and Ghulam Haider, 11 in rural village of Afghanistan (Photo Stephanie Sinclair)

CHILD BRIDE

Said Mohammed 55, and Roshan Kasem, 8, engaged. Father of the bride Says he does not want to give his daughter away at such a young age, but he Cannot afford to keep her.

CHILD BRIDES

Mohammed Fazal, 45 with his 2 wives Majabin 13, and Zalyha 29 in Afghanitan. Majabins father offered her up as a settlement for gambling debt after playing cards.

CHILD BRIDE

Raja,16, and 15-year-old child bride Sintu look on at the Balaji temple in a Rajasthan village as part of centuries-old custom that betroths toddlers and forces children to get married .

Regional Variation -- Ethiopia


48% of CM in Ethiopia occurs in the north: Amhara 90% Tigray 82% Affar 77% Ben-Gumz 75%

Regional Variation - India


5 states in India have highest percentages of child marriage: Madhya Pradesh: 73% Andhhra Pradesh: 71% Rajasthan: 68% Bihar: 67% Uttar Pradesh: 64%

Regional Variation Nigeria


71% of CM in Nigeria occurs in the north: 83% in North West 78% in North East

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

FGM Practiced: 2 million girls each year

Tools of FGM
Usually done in primitive, non-sterile conditions with common cutting instruments, including kitchen knives, sharp rock, piece of glass, razor blade or household scissors.

Female Genital Mutilation myth


Circumcision makes women clean, promotes virginity and chastity and guards young girls from sexual frustration by deadening their sexual appetite.

FGM Victim

Why is FGM practiced?


Tradition Perceived religious requirement
(not actually required in any religion)

Marriage eligibility Rite of passage into womanhood Geography and neighbors practices Mark of status Lack of knowledge about medical consequences

Why are Female Genital Mutilations Performed?


Primarily done to ensure abstinence before marriage, and fidelity after marriage. If women get no pleasure from intercourse, they will not have sex when unnecessary for procreation or marital relations. Done under the blanket of Tradition

Honor Killings

Honor Killings

Family Honor
Because a woman is the property of men, she is a reflection on the familys honor. A young girl is taught to remain a virgin until she is married. They are taught about eib which means shame and sharaf which means honor. A woman is like a cup; if someone drinks from it, no one will want it A woman is like a sheet of glass; once it is broken it can never be fixed.

Triggers for Honor Killing


Adultery - marital infidelity Fornication pre-marital sex Perception of immoral behavior Flirting Victim of rape Refusal to submit to an arranged marriage Seeking a divorce from a cruel husband Execution: Shot, Stoned, Poisoned, Beheaded, Stabbed,Strangled

Forced Sterilization
In Vietnam, more than 31,000 women underwent quinacrine sterilizations between 1989 and 1993. The Peruvian government began a public health sterilization program in 1995. 1997 saw 110,000 women sterilized in the program. Between 1965-1971, one million women in Brazil had been sterilized. In the 1970s it is estimated that 25-40% of American Indian women were sterilized without their informed consent

Low self-esteem and beauty


Todays standards of attractiveness and beauty are defined by popular culture and media

Every Nation, Community, Tribe has different forms of divine beauty, we just have to recognize them.

So many problems

Muslim Problems, Islamic Solutions


Muslims living in the West or East are not immune to societies problems. Many if not all the issues highlighted exist either openly or behind closed doors in Muslim communities and Countries Sometimes Religion is misused to allow wrong doing and in other cases cultural baggage

Domestic Violence
Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others and because they spend out of their property; the good women are therefore obedient, guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded; and (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave them alone in the sleeping-places and beat them; then if they obey you, do not seek a way against them; surely Allah is High, Great. (Quran 4:34)

Domestic Violence
Spousal abuse happens in Muslim families Beat them been used by some literally and other Quranic interpretations use turn away from them, scourge them or tap them. Popular usage has been beat them. However, scholar say this is symbolic than literal. There is no sanction of violence against women.

Quran admonishes kindness


O you who believe! it is not lawful for you that you should take women as heritage against (their) will, and do not straiten them in order that you may take part of what you have given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency, and treat them kindly; then if you hate them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it

Prophet admonishes kindness


The best among you is the one who treats his family best. Hadith Prophet Muhammad never beat his wives He admonished in his sermons against violence against women. Once the prophet, was asked about obligations of husbands toward their wives. His answer was: Feed her when you eat, and provide her clothing when you provide yourself. Neither hit her on the face nor use impolite language when addressing her

Honor Killing
Killing of women and girls for alleged sexual misbehavior, including terminating an arranged marriage, having sex outside of marriage or bringing dishonor to family or community has no place in Islam, although it takes place in Muslim communities and countries, as well as non Muslim people. Tribal justice, or vigilantism are seeds of chaos and go against the principles and laws of Islam.

Rape, Adultery and Stoning


As with other major faiths including Judaism and Christianity Islam views adultery as a major sin. However, to be convicted of adultery, requires 4 witnesses, as this is a serious offense and can lead to slander and more. For four people to have seen penetration take place is like the odds of a meteor hitting earth.

Rape, Adultery and Stoning


Quran warns against false Accusations And those who accuse free women then do not bring four witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not admit any evidence from them ever; and these it is that are the transgressors Quran 24:4 Unfortunately in many Muslim tribal or patriarchal societies, this rule is turned on its head in the case of rape, where woman has to produce 4 witnesses, and if not she alone can be accused of adultery.

FGM: Female Genital Mutilation


There is no reference to FGM in Quran Only circumcision of males is encouraged FGM is a pre-Islamic tradition, practiced primarily in north and central Africa Nothing in Islam encourages mutilation of female genitals Many Islamic Scholars joined against boycott of FGM and most African states have banned practice In 2005 Islamic Conference in Rabat, Morocco leaders from 50 Muslim nations called FGM un-Islamic and pledged to crack down on it.

Child/Forced Marriage
To protect chastity Muslims are encouraged to marry young. However, there is nothing in Islamic and Prophetic tradition that allows forced marriage and/or child marriage Most cited example of Prophets marriage to Aisha. Based on detailed research (listed in references), Aishas marriage to the Prophet was consummated when she was an adult. The marriage contract is only valid if it is accepted voluntarily.

Child/Forced Marriage
The tradition of arranged marriages although still very common is shifting to love marriages where potential spouses meet and decide if they want to get married. However, in Muslim countries Islamic laws are violated Especially in tribal societies, and/or impoverished families there are examples of young girls being given away in marriage to settle debts, pay off gambling loans, or given in marriage to rich sheikhs as well as being sold or auctioned into sex trafficking rings

Quran and Dignity


We have confirmed dignity on the children of Adam and favored them specially above many of those We have created.(Quran 17:70) This dignity is neither earned nor based on righteous conduct, it is innate. Idea of human dignity is combined with Qurans stand on justice and equity; and never let the hatred of anyone lead into sin of deviating from Justice (5:8)
Ref: Reading the Quran by Ziauddin Sardar

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

Martin Luther King Jr.

(We have to work together) to seek a common solution to a common problem posed by a common enemy

Malcolm X

References
All images are copyright of respective holders. Most content is adapted from many sources. Following book Whatmatters is a great resource identifying social issues

A K2 Vista Project For more resources http://sodasblog.wordpress.com/resources/ Example US Muslim Organizations dealing with Domestic Violence http://projectsakinah.org/ http://www.asknisa.org/ http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/007785.html http://www.isna.net/Resources/articles/domestic-violence/Ending-Domestic-Violence-in-Muslim-Families.aspx http://www.peacefulfamilies.org/LocalMuslimOrgs.html