Company Confidential

10/4/99

1

Benchmarking with Viper
• • • • • • • • • Coverage Quality Blocked Call Dropped Call Setup Time Paging Success Rate Interference Handover Success Rate Camp On Success Rate
Company Confidential

10/4/99

2

Coverage
Objectives Percentage Outdoor Receive level > Set Threshold Percentage Indoor Receive level > Set Threshold Threshold for Outdoor : -100 to - 102 dBm Threshold for Indoor : -85 to -94 dBm ( as measured outdoor) Benchmarking Range Outdoor Coverage : 95 to 100 % Indoor Coverage : 60 to 95 %

Company Confidential

10/4/99

3

• The importance of coverage is first for camping on. • So.Coverage Benchmarking with Phone • Phone’s measurement reporting speed is 480ms in the dedicated mode. phone should be used in Idle mode to measure coverage Company Confidential 10/4/99 4 . • 1 measurement sample every 5m with a driving speed of 40 km\hr. • A TCH carrier could be under downlink power control. • Phone in dedicated mode switches between BCH and TCH carriers( Channel Assignment). • A TCH carriers output power could also be different from BCH due to TRX calibration and combiner imbalance.

one measurement sample is reported at intervals ranging between 55m to 116m. • Phone does not give a true picture of Contigous coverage • Phone also has a poor measurement reporting accuracy in the range of +/-2dB to +/.Coverage Benchmarking with Phone in Idle Mode • Phone uses DRX in the idle mode. Company Confidential 10/4/99 5 .5 secs. • Coverage holes can occur in a range of 5m to 50m. • With a Driving speed of 40 km/hr. turns on only during its paging group to measure Rxlev. • A measurement sample in idle mode is reported between 5 to 10.4 dB.

which can be linked to the Phone. depending on start and stop channels How to measure ? • Select TOP N = 1 in the BCH Analyzer • Link the BCH Analyzer to the Phone’s BCH .Coverage Benchmarking with Receiver • Receiver has an accuracy of +/.5 dB • Receiver scanning rate will range between 30ms to 750ms . • Export the data to Post Processing Tool • Use the counts in the Legends Window to compute benchmarking statistics Company Confidential 10/4/99 6 . • * Interference Analyzer scanning rate is slower than the BCH Analyzer. use the Interference Analyzer . OR • Select Start and Stop Channels to the range of BCH ARFCN’s used in the network if Link Editor is not working or Phone is not connected • Else.0.

Phone & Receiver Comparison for Coverage Measurement Phone Receiver Poor Coverage spots identified by the Receiver. missed by the Phone Company Confidential 10/4/99 7 .

6m 11 %% Drive Area : 12 Kms Drive Duration : 22mins Phone •Phone Samples: 736 •Each sample every 16.36m Conclusion: Receiver provides contigous coverage measurement Receiver reveals poor coverage spots 11 % 11 % 1 % 11 % 1% 1 -111 to -11 -11 -11 to -11 to -11 -11 to -11 11 % -11 -11 to Company Confidential 10/4/99 8 .Phone and Receiver Statistics for Coverage Measurement Receiver •Receiver Samples: 2596 •Each sample every 4.

Impact of Less Coverage • Low Carrier Power reduces coverage area and disturbs cell planning. resulting in: – poor speech quality @ edges of the cells – dropped calls @ edge of cells – traffic Imbalance due to cell selections and reselections • 1 dB drop in power ≈ 10 % reduction in coverage Dead area Neighbor Actual Coverage Planned Coverage Neighbor Coverage Company Confidential 10/4/99 9 .

Impact of More Coverage • High Carrier Power increases interference. resulting in: – C/I that mobile cannot cope with – poor speech quality – dropped calls 3 dB more Estimated C/I = 10 dB Actual C/I = 7 dB Company Confidential Re-use Cell 10/4/99 10 .

Quality Objectives Percentage RxQual < Set Threshold1 Percentage RxQual < Set Threshold 2 Percentage RxQual < Set Threshold 3 Percentage FER < Threshold Threshold1 : 0 to 2 Threshold2 : 3 to 5 Threshold3 : 6 to 7 Threshold-FER : 2 .3 % Benchmarking Range Threshold 1 : 85 to 95 % Threshold 2 : 15 to 5 % Threshold 2 : 0 to 3 % Threshold-FER : 95 .100 % Company Confidential 10/4/99 11 .

roads. street and lanes.Quality Benchmarking with Phone Set up a large duration call. Activate redial on drop and blocked call Don’t drive too fast ( 30 to 50 km/hr ) Cover all highways. Export the data to the post processing tool Set the legends as per the benchmarking thresholds Use the counts to calculate benchmarking statistics Company Confidential 10/4/99 12 .

Quality RXQUAL 1 1 1 11 11 1 111 1 1 111 1 111 1 111 1 111 1 111 1 11 11 1 11 11 11 1 11 11 111 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 11 11 11 11 111 11 11 1 11 111 11 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 11 1 111 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 11 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 11 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 111 1 111 111 111 111 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 11 1 11 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 11 1 111 1 11 1 111 1 1 1 1111 111 111 1 1 111 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 1 11 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 11 1 11 11 1 1 11 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1111 11 111 111 111 111 1 1 1 1111 1 1 1 1 111 1 1111 1 1 1 1 11111 1 11111 11111 1 11 111111 1111 1 11 11 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 11 1 1 1 11 1 1111 1 1 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 11 11 11 11 11 11 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 % 1 % FER 1 1 1 % % % 1 % 1 % 11 % 1% 1 1 to 1% % 1 to 1 1t o 1 1t o 1 1 1 to 1 % 1 to 1 % 1 % % 1 to 1% 1to 1 % % 10/4/99 Company Confidential 13 .

Company Confidential 10/4/99 14 .5 to 5 % ( typically 2 % ) Grade of Service : Ability of the subscriber to access the network during the peak traffic hours.Blocked Call Objectives Percentage Blocked Call Benchmarking Range Grade of Service : 0.

Access Time = 5 secs and Redial wait = 2secs Customer specific calls in peak traffic cells Number of calls = 50 . Method 1 : Short Duration Calls in non-peak traffic cells Number of calls= 3000. Access Time = 120 secs and Redial wait = 2 secs Position the van near the hot spot in the cell.Blocked Call Benchmarking with Phone All measurements to be done in peak traffic hours. Access Time = 120 secs and Redial wait = 2 secs Drive at a very slow speed Company Confidential 10/4/99 15 . Method2: Overview all over the network Number of calls = 100.

Blocked Calls •Viper Detects a Genuine Call Disconnection on Alerting or a Dropped Call also as Blocked Call •To take care of this.Value -.Field Total Blocked Calls Phone State Radio Link Counter Current Value > Constant <> Constant = Constant 0 Wait on Answer 0 % Blocking = Total Blocked Alarms x 100 Total Attempted Calls Company Confidential 10/4/99 16 . we need to setup Blocked Calls Alarms •Do the Benchmarking based on Alarms Blocked Call Alarm AND -.Delta -.

Blocked Calls Plot Company Confidential 10/4/99 17 .

Company Confidential 10/4/99 18 .Paging Success rate Objectives Percentage Paging Success Rate Benchmarking Range Paging Success Rate : 0 to 2 % ( typically 0 % ) Paging Success Rate: Objective is to verify that Paging Messages are send on the air interface by the network.

•Not necessary to be done all over the network. *** Phone1Blocked Calls = No of Blocked Calls Alarms Company Confidential 10/4/99 19 .Paging Success Rate •Configure the System with 2 phones •In Call Control. •Set up multiple short duration calls on Phone 1. •Carry out for Heavy traffic cells.Phone1 Blocked Calls** •Drive around in the peak traffic hours. If Phone 2 receives a page. unless complaints. •Phone 2 will answer every call. activate Phone1 for Outgoing sequence calls and Phone 2 for termination. it sends a channel request and call attempt counter is incremented. •But practically this may not be the case either due to Paging problems or blocking at Phone 1 •So the formula for calculating Paging success rate will be : Paging Success Rate = Phone 2 Call Attempts x 100 % Phone 1 Call Attempts . •So ideally Call attempts from Phone1(Orig) should equal the Call attempts on Phone 2.

Dropped Call Objectives Percentage Drop Call Benchmarking Range Drop call : 0 to 2 % ( typically 0 for outdoor ) .Measurements are not valid in the fringe area (PLMN periphery ) Company Confidential 10/4/99 20 .

Multiple calls •Activate redial on dropped and blocked call .Dropped Call Benchmarking with Phone Method 1: •Set up a large duration call or use the DIAL key on CC screen •Activate redial on dropped call and blocked call •Set redial interval to 1 secs and number of redials very high •Drive around the network during the peak traffic hours Percentage Drop Calls = No. of Dropped calls x 100 Total Access time/ 120secs Method 2 : •Set up calls of duration 120 secs. Company Confidential 10/4/99 21 . •Set up redial to 1 secs and number of redials very high •Percentage Drop calls is available directly from CC screen.

So it may become essential to do benchmarking on variable thresholds.100 % Variable Thresholds: Call setup under normal conditions may not remain same if signaling procedures like Authentication and TMSI Reallocations are implemented on nth call basis.Call Setup Time Objectives Percentage Call Setups < Threshold Time Threshold Time : 3 to 6 secs ( upto Alerting) Benchmarking Range Call setups less than threshold : 97 . Company Confidential 10/4/99 22 .

•Export the Data to the Post Processing Tool •Count the number of Alarm occurrence Percentage Call Setup = Number of Alarms x 100 Attempted Calls .Call Setup Time Benchmarking with Phone •Set up multiple short duration calls ( Access time = 10 secs) •Activate redial on dropped call and blocked call •Set redial interval to 1 secs and number of redials very high •Configure an Alarm for : Phone State = Dedicated for Threshold Time ( ex: 5secs) AND Access Time = 0 secs •Drive around the entire network at a very slow speed.Blocked Calls Company Confidential 10/4/99 23 .

Co-Channel Interference Objectives for Co-channel on BCH carrier Percentage C/I < Threshold1 Percentage C/I < Threshold 2 Percentage C/I < Threshold 3 Percentage severe C/I spots Threshold 1 : 12 dB ( not valid if Frequency Hopping is used) Threshold 2 : 9 dB Threshold 3 : 6 dB Benchmarking Range Threshold 1 : 0 to 25% Threshold 2 : 0 to 10 % Threshold 3 : 0 to 2 % Threshold Severity : 0 to 5 % Company Confidential 10/4/99 24 .

measurement should be done during peak traffic hours and in idle mode as well as on call mode. this means on cell reselection . Measurement should be phone synchronous (limited to cell edge. measurement should shift to new cell). For TCH carriers. it needs to be physically measured. Benchmarking has to be done on non-traffic hours stats Traffic hours cannot give the percentage of occurence.Verification Guidelines Running Average with over 3 . Company Confidential 10/4/99 25 .5 secs Separate Measurement to be done for BCH and TCH carriers. For real time Co-Channel measurement . It is always preferred to do the benchmarking of UL by measurements. drive very slowly Uplink Interference Statistics should be collected over a long period.

Co-Channel Interference Benchmarking with Phone and Receiver Keep the Phone in the Idle Mode Link the Interference Analyzer Co_Channel to Phone’s BCH Configure Alarm for Co-channel Interference with occurrence after 2 5 secs ( depends on driving speed. Number of Alarm occurrences x trigger duration x 100 = Percentage severity Total Drive Duration in secs Company Confidential 10/4/99 26 . Create legends as per benchmarking thresholds Compute the percentages using the counts Count the number of Alarms. High speed less time) Drive around all over the network during peak traffic hours Plot the Recorded data .

Co-Channel Plot Severe Interference spots Company Confidential 10/4/99 27 .

Co-Channel Statistics  Drive Area : 28 Kms 1Drive Speed: 30 Kmph avg 1Frequency Hopping : No 1Reuse Factor : 5 approx 1Total PLMN Area: 100 sqkm 1Conclusion : Poor Frequency Planning Antenna Tilts and BTS Power not optimized 1% 1 1% 1 1% 1 > 11 d B 1 1 -1 d B Company Confidential < 1B d 10/4/99 28 .

Adjacent Channel Interference Objectives for Adjacent -channel on BCH carrier Percentage C/Ia > Threshold1 Percentage C/Ia > Threshold 2 Percentage C/Ia > Threshold 3 Percentage severe C/Ia spots Threshold 1 : 0 to -6 Threshold 2 : .7 to -9 Threshold 3 : .9 to -12 Benchmarking Range Threshold 1 : 0 to 25% Threshold 2 : 0 to 10 % Threshold 3 : 0 to 2 % Threshold Severity : 0 to 5 % Company Confidential 10/4/99 29 .

•Link the Interference Analyzer . Plot for both BCH and TCH Compute the percentages using the counts for both plots Count the number of Alarms.Adjacent Channel Interference Benchmarking with Phone and Receiver •Setup a long duration call or use the DIAL key in Call Control screen. Number of Alarm occurrences x trigger duration x 100 = Percentage severity Total Drive Duration in secs Company Confidential 10/4/99 30 . Create legends as per benchmarking thresholds. •Configure Alarm for Adjacent-channel Interference with occurrence after 2 . High speed less time) Drive around all over the network during peak traffic hours.5 secs ( depends on driving speed. Adj Channel -A to Phone’s BCH and Adjacent Channel -B to Phone’s TCH. Plot N / N+1 and N/N-1 recorded data .

Activate redial on dropped and blocked calls.100 % Benchmarking with Phone Set up long duration calls. compute the handover success rate from Call Control Screen as: IC-Handover Success Rate = Successful Handovers x 100 Total Handovers Company Confidential 10/4/99 31 .Inter-Cell Handover Objectives Percentage Inter-Cell Handover Success Rate Benchmarking Range Inter-Cell Handover Success Rate : 95 . After the Drive . Drive slowly through each and every spot in the network.

100 % Benchmarking with Phone Set up long duration calls. Setup Intra-Cell Handover Alarm Alarm: INTRA_CELL HANDOVER AND -.Value Phone Sate = Wait on Answer Trigger Duration 3 secs Company Confidential 10/4/99 32 .Value RR Message Message Type = Constant Assignment Command -.Intra-Cell Handover Objectives Percentage Inter-Cell Handover Success Rate Benchmarking Range Intra-Cell Handover Success Rate : 95 .Value Access Time > Constant 0 secs Message Type -.OR -.

Value Access Time > Constant 0 secs Message Type -. Collect the Alarms and compute the statistics IC-Handover Success Rate = 1.OR -.Intra Cell Handover Alarm: INTRA_CELL HANDOVER Failure AND -.Value RR Message Message Type = Constant Assignment Failure -.Total IH Failure Alarms x 100 Total IH Alarms Company Confidential 10/4/99 33 .Value Phone Sate = Wait on Answer Trigger Duration 3 secs Drive around the area.

Camp On Objectives Percentage Idle Mode BER < Threshold Percentage Phone State = Network Search Threshold Idle Mode BER : 2 .Interference criteria Network Search : 0 to 1 % ( since we are driving ) Benchmarking with Phone Use the Phone in Idle Mode and BCH Analyzer BCH Analyzer configured for TOP N = 1 with start and stop channels set to the range of BCH’s (or use the Link Editor if it works !!!|) Export the drive to a MAP or Excel and compute the Phone state percentage Create an alarm for “Phone State = Network Search” Company Confidential 10/4/99 34 .5 % Benchmarking Range Camp on Success Rate : Coverage .

0 •Compute the percentage area over which Phone remains in each network.Network Select •Use a Roaming SIM card in the Phone •Create an Alarm “ Auto-Roam -Network Change” as: dfield Serving Cell Information <> Constant MNC •Drive in the Idle Mode •Plot the MAP for MNC with two colour legends. Company Confidential 10/4/99 35 .Auto Roam .

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