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Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Geosciences, mapping day
Jean-Paul KASPRZYK, phd student

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Introduction: GIS and SOLAP
• GIS : OnLine Transactional Processing (OLTP)
– Daily management of spatial data
• Easy update, integrity and no redundancy of the data

– Based on transactional databases
• Entity association approach • Easy access to data

• SOLAP : Spatial OnLine Analytical Processing (Bédard, 1997)
– Decision support (Business intelligence)
• Archiving  temporal dimension

– Based on data warehouses
• Multidimensional approach • Easy exploration of the data at different aggregation levels • Integration of large amount of heterogeneous data

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Multidimensional approach
Time: day Time: month Time: year Fact: offence Province Commune Offence Place

Offender address Serial Commune Snowflake schema of the criminal data Province
October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

SOLAP Architecture
ETL Source data Data warehouse

OLAP

Data cube (SOLAP server)

SOLAP

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Data integration : ETL (extract transform load)

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

OLAP interface : drill down Operation

drill down

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

OLAP interface : drill through operation
drill through

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

OLAP interface: slice operation
Slice (time) Slice (serie)

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

OLAP interface: graphic exports

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

SOLAP Interface: spatial drill down (1)

MDX request
SELECT {[Measures].[offence]} ON COLUMNS, {[offence place].[province].members} ON ROWS FROM [offence]

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

SOLAP interface: spatial drill down (2)

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

SOLAP Interface :

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Conclusion
• Advantages of SOLAP
– Integration and exploration of large amounts of heterogeneous data – Simple interface – Quick requests – Ideal for decision support

• Spatial OLAP = new technologies
– spatial operations can still be improved
• Example: buffer operation through the data cube

October 2011

JP Kasprzyk – Spatial data warehouses and SOLAP: a new GIS technology

Thank you for listening

Any question?
Jp.kasprzyk@ulg.ac.be

October 2011