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“I know of nobody who is purely autistic, or purely neurotypical.

Even God has some autistic moments, which is why the planets spin.”
— Jerry Newport

and pervasive developmental disorder.The psychological Disorder  Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication. . The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old . not otherwise specified (commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS). how this occurs is not well understood. and by restricted and repetitive behaviour . the other two being Asperger syndrome. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize. which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met. It is one of three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum (ASDs). which lacks delays in cognitive development and language.

duplication (2) and inversion (3) are all chromosome abnormalities that have been implicated in autism. Complexity arises due to interactions among multiple genes. . cognitive.  Autism has a strong genetic basis. the environment. Deletion (1). there is increasing suspicion that autism is instead a complex disorder whose core aspects have distinct causes that often cooccur.9 for ASD.Causes of autism  It has long been presumed that there is a common cause at the genetic. and neural levels for autism's characteristic triad of symptoms. Studies of twins suggest that heritability is 0.7 for autism and as high as 0. However. although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations with major effects. and siblings of those with autism are about 25 times more likely to be autistic than the general population. or by rare multigene interactions of common genetic variants. and epigenetic factors which do not change DNA but are heritable and influence gene expression.

What's more. is a non-medical therapeutic approach. . emotional. as it has very measurable goals. Of course. up until less than 20 years ago. Unlike many other conditions. To make the situation even tougher. behavioural and social issues. there are a grand total of two treatments which have been "scientifically proven" to be effective for people with autism. The first. autism was a rare disorder and received relatively little attention from the medical community.  As of now. the causes of autism are poorly understood. ABA and/or Risperdal are neither cure-alls nor are they right for every person with autism. Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA). each person with autism displays a different set different physical. It has been studied carefully for decades and is relatively easy to study.Treatment  There is no gold standard for autism treatment. The second is an antipsychotic medication called Risperdal (risperidone): the first and only medication to be specifically approved for use in autism.

 Therefore.224. Males are four times more likely to have autism than females.615.000) have autism.  The population of India is 1. it can be summarized that between 1 in 500 (2/1.000. therefore according to the study 2449230 people in India have autism. .Statistics  Experts estimate that two to six children out of every 1.000 will have autism. Every year 26 million children are born in India and 52000 of them will be autistic as shown in the study.000) to 1 in 166 children (6/1.

Awareness in India Many people were unaware about autism in our country (and still are) but after this film was released more people got to know about this disease and its effects. This film was a huge eye opener for all the unaware people in our country. This film was not only released in India but was released in many other countries as well. .

A few pictures of the autism affected children in our country .

Autism Related organizations in India • Action For Autism (AFA) • Autism Society of India (ASI) • Astalavista • Society for the Autistics in India (SAI) .

Schools for autistic children in delhi Inspiration Nai Disha Vocational Centre School and Research Centre for Children with Autism and Multiple Disabilities Action For Autism SHAKTI UDAAN-INDIRA Centre .

THE END Made By Mayank Makkar DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL Mathura Road .