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# October 16, 2012 Week 1 - Tuesday

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Introductions Syllabus Pretest Variables Integers Evaluating Variables

Go and find one other person in this class.
◦ Introduce your self (name), family, and what city do you live in. ◦ Together, you must create a short list of:
 2 ways Math (all Math but extra credit for Algebra/Geometry) is used in real life.  2 things you don’t understand or don’t like about Math.

Now, we will take turns and introduce each other.

Important things to note:
◦ Phone number – please call if you can’t attend

◦ Blog – I will post interesting and informative info

here. You can use JCAE computers to access this when you are in class. ◦ Things you need for class ◦ Homework – I will try to keep it to a minimum but you need to practice your skills.

My favorite Algebraic expression is:

2 -3x
Sign  Coefficient  Variable  exponent

This has 4 parts:

Every variable has all of these parts Consider

y

What are the values of the 4 parts?

Variables are simply letters which take the place of a number Variable can stand for anything and they can change (therefore they name – variable) They are the mystery that we are trying to solve We solve the mystery by getting the variable by itself.

Inverse means “Opposite”
Opposite of Addition is  Subtraction Opposite of Multiplication is  Division

Integers are positive and negative numbers

◦ Think of a number line or a thermometer

To add integers with the same signs, you just add and keep the sign.
For example, +2 + (+12) = +14 - 6 + ( -4) = -10

Consider that +5 + (-5) = 0
◦ If I gave you \$5 then took it back you would have \$0. This is called a zero pair.

We are going to “pair up” the positives and negatives to see what is left For example: -7 + 5 =

-7+5= Would look this

= -2 So, the rule is you find the difference of the numbers (subtract) and the bigger number makes the sign.

Time to practice
-7 + (+12)
8 + (-5) -17 + 12 9 + (-14)

8 + (-5)
-16 + 16 -24 + 15 6 + (-13) + 16

-12 + 7 + (-5)
14 + (-27) + (-13)+8

Addition of Integers Same sign, keep and add! Different signs: subtract Take the sign of the bigger number, Then you’ll be exact

Subtraction

We will now use these by defining subtraction as:

is same as Adding the Opposite.

So -8 – 11 becomes -8 + (-11) 3 – 27 becomes 3 + (-27) -5 – (-9) becomes -5 + 9

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

Ok, Time to Practice
6–9 13 – 20 -5 – 3 -8 – 11 7 - -1 -9 - -12 6 - -8 3 – 22 14 - -9 -17 - -15

7)
8) 9) 10)