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100 Years of Regeneration in Hulme

Victorian Hulme

Hulme Town Hall, Stretford Rd.

“A pub on every corner.”

Charlie Chaplin played at Hulme Hippodrome

Royce Factory, Cooke St.

The first Rolls-Royce 1904

Midland Hotel

Oxford Rd.

City Rd.

Stretford Rd.

Cooke St.

Demolition after WWI

Hit by „the Blitz‟

Demolition after WWII

The Crescents are built - 1960‟s

A new era – system built

More space, light, air & inside water closets!

Green space! Relatively low density

Separation of pedestrians from traffic

„Streets in the Sky‟

In-human scale

Confusing orientations

Ill defined spaces

„Soulless‟

Expensive to heat

Poor management

Safety & Security risks

CONCRETE JUNGLE

Construction faults in the system build

“I miss having more people around, especially children – having no children around makes the place feel unnatural somehow. I can’t blame families with children for moving out: it’s better to be at street level, hopefully with a garden. I really miss a garden more than anything else.”
•William Kent Crescent resident

Diverse and creative, but transient community – young adults and elderly

“It‟s like the Artists Quarter of Manchester”

Hulme Tenants Alliance started - 1986

Maximising community Impact in partnerships
Recognise differences but work together

• • • • • •

residential / ethnic / cultural / age / gender / sexuality / disability / service providers / users create a unified structure, co-operative ethos adequate representation at every level

Be strategic Put effort into establishing general policies and principles that will be applied to all projects Develop high quality proposals to win partners support Be astute about the real decision making process

Community resistance – Poll Tax

First Sanctuary broken by the UK State in 400 years - 1990

Hulme City Challenge
1992 – 1997 £37.5m from Government
MCC Hulme sub-committee Hulme Regeneration Ltd Hulme Community Homes Ltd Hulme Social Issues Committee Hulme Economic Assembly

Barriers to Community Involvement
Lack of Information

• • • • • • •

who can get involved

how to get involved
criteria for project selection

Lack of Resources to organise the community input to research community needs

to facilitate equal opportunities for involvement
to develop project proposals

Barriers to Community Involvement
Poor analysis of problems & solutions

• •

„professionals‟ think they know best, don‟t appreciate all of the detailed consequences undue faith in the „trickle down‟ theory of development Lack of investment in community led projects No „lead in‟ for research & consensus building


• • •

Tight timetables

community voices perceived as „holding back‟ progress
favours established partners and projects

“There’s never been a meeting before when the Council, the tenants and the private sector have sat down in the same room and worked things out together.”

“I’ve never been to anything so positive. There was non of the usual rancour.”

If it’s going to have the buzz we want, the initiative will have to come from people who want to live, work and play in the area.”

“This redevelopment is either going to be one of the last of an old generation or one of the first of a new generation that takes sustainable development seriously.”

Why Involve the Community?

• • • • • • •

Residents are already involved in regeneration It maximises volunteering

It facilitates feedback and representation
It adds economic value It can help with main programme targets It can encourage social cohesion It provides long term capacity
National Council for Voluntary Organisations www.ncvo.org.uk

Community Development Foundation www.cdf.org.uk

Golden rules of community participation

• • • • • • •

Community are considered equal partners Community is adequately resourced

Enough time for consensus building
Community have access to independent advice Roles and responsibilities of all partners, staff and representatives are clearly identified Community representatives ensure that they are representative as far as possible, and are accountable to all parts of their community Resources are allocated to involve as many people as want to be, and establish evidence to support major decisions / initiatives

Golden rules of community participation

All partners put in writing what participation will mean in the project and what they will do to support it


• • • •

All partners commit themselves to honest communication, integrity of action and trust
Use a variety of consultation methods e.g. newsletters, meetings, surveys, drop-ins, exhibitions, „piggy back‟ on other events, go to where people are/ meet, involve minority groups in designing how to reach them Develop community capacity to deliver services and manage assets Involve community in monitoring and evaluation Plan exit strategies early in the project

Naples

New York

Palma

Bordeaux

London

Dublin

Turin

Glasgow

Hulme - urban blocks and defined spaces 1930‟s 1970‟s 2000‟s

150 dwellings/ ha >100,000 pop

37 dwellings/ ha 12,000 – 5,000 pop

75 – 87 dwellings/ ha 10,000 – 15,000 pop

Hulme Guide to development • Traditional street pattern

Hulme Guide to development • Integration with the surrounding city

Hulme Guide to development • medium density – human scale

Hulme Guide to development • Permeability – no dead ends

Hulme Guide to development • routes & transport

Hulme Guide to development • Landmarks, vistas & focal points

Hulme Guide to development • Definition of space

Hulme Guide to development • Hierarchy – bigger towards the centre

Hulme Guide to development • Identity – public art helps sense of place

Hulme Guide to development • Sustainability

Hulme Housing Environmental Assessment

• • • • • • • • • •

CO2 emissions from energy use in the home Condensing boilers, insulation & ventilation

Low energy lighting
CFC and HFC emissions Natural resources and recycled materials Storage space for segregation of waste Water economy

Wood preservatives and other chemicals
Asbestos and lead Ecological value of the site

Homes for Change Co-op

Loreto College

Supported Housing – avoided an over concentration

Housing Management – a staircase to greater responsibility

Moss Side Leisure Centre

Millennium Youth Powerhouse

St. Wilfrids Enterprise Centre

Regeneration in Hulme 1992 - 2004
TYPE OF OUTPUT ACHIEVED

Housing
No. of Council homes: (a) demolished (b) improved No. of properties disinfested No. of private homes completed No. of HA homes completed 2,647 635 1,095 1,500 1,500

Economy and Employment
No. of net permanent jobs created No. of businesses advised No. of workspace units provided Business floorspace provided (sq.m.) No. of trainees obtaining qualifications 500 500 50 47,000 1,000

Regeneration in Hulme 1992 - 2004
TYPE OF OUTPUT Infrastructure and Environment
Ha. Of land reclaimed/ improved for: (a) redevelopment (b) open space 47 5

ACHIEVED

Social
No. of pupils benefiting from improvements to schools/ teaching No. of community facilities improved No. of community projects supported No. of childcare places created 6,500 39 350 400 37.5 75 350

Finance
City Challenge investment (£m) Other public sector investment (£m) Private sector investment (£m)

Skills Sets for Sustainable Communities

Engagement with

Regeneration Growth

Engagement with

PUBLIC & PRIVATE SECTOR

COMMUNITY SECTOR

Built
Environment
Planning Urban Design & Architecture Engineering & Construction Housing Management Environmental Design & Management Operational Services

Professional Development
Voluntary Org. Management Education, Youth & Sports Health Professions Administration & Finance Social Services Community Development ICT

Enterprise
Site & Workspace Development Business Support (inc. wage subsidy & work placements) Social Enterprise Community Finance & Exchange Enterprise & HE

Social Inclusion
Consultation & Participation Information, Advice & Guidance

Cultural & Cohesion
Social Events Music & Performing Arts Cuisine Literature Sport New Media Fashion Physical Environment

Healthy Society
Fitness/ Exercise Smoking Food/ Diet

Education & Training
Equal Opps, Diversity Crime and Anti- Social Behaviour

Domestic Management
Drugs & Mental Health Stress Management Personal Development

Childcare

Zion Community Health Resource Centre

“Welcome to this celebration of Hulme, a place of safety, past, present and future, and symbolised today by the naming of Sanctuary Close, by our first citizen, the Lord Mayor of Manchester. Hulme has suffered greatly in the last few years from deprivation, injustice, and violence, actual and potential. Today in commemorating the pains, the divisions and indeed the deaths, we are also expressing our hope and faith in the years ahead. The sanctuary movement has given safety and security not just to Viraj Mendis, Victoria Apetor, Salema Begum and others locally. It has provided a haven for thousands world-wide and given a focus and an inspiration for countless others of the oppressed and the marginalised. The regeneration of Hulme and all the physical, economic and social rebuilding of this part of the city of Manchester is intended to put the humanity back into the Hulme community, and make the new Hulme a place more humans can really live together in harmony.”

Fr, John Methuen, 1995

Dedication of Sanctuary Close

Margaret Sands, former Chair of the Hulme Alliance of Tenants and Residents, and Treasurer of Hulme Labour Party branch, died on 16 December 2004, of a cardiac arrest, after 6 months of poor health, aged 75. Known and respected by many people in Manchester, Margaret steered the Hulme Alliance through the dramatic regeneration programmes of Hulme during the 1990s. A remarkably unassertive character, her patience and consistency helped broker before-to unheard of partnerships between the community, the Council and the private sector in Hulme. During the hardest of times her advice was

“Keep the focus on the positive.”
Interviewed by the Guardian in 1999, she said, “I’m in my seventh-floor heaven. I’m truly happy here, as happy now as I’ve ever been… I don’t know what I’d do if I had to move now. This is just great for me… It’s very nice when you are not feeling very good to know that someone is going to come in. [Tommy] is very good and will do my errands for me.”