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A) Safety management system (SMS). Personal Productive Equipment. B)Safe working procedures. Working at different levels. Excavations.

ns. Near High Voltage Power Lines. Hot work in docks .

What is a Safety Management System?

An SMS is a comprehensive and integrated system that ensures that all work at the facility is conducted safely It should be fully documented, accessible and comprehensible to those that need to use it It recognises the potential for errors and establishes robust defences (control measures) which are fully implemented, to ensure that errors do not result in accidents or near misses It is comprises a set of work practices and procedures for monitoring and improving the safety and health of all aspects of the operation

Personal Productive Equipment.

Definition: Devices used to protect an employees from injury or illness resulting from contact with chemical , radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards.

What it is all about ??

Head protection Eye and Face protection Hearing protection Respiratory protection Arm and Hand protection Foot and Leg protection Protective clothing


The use of PPE signals that the hazard still exists in the workplace Unprotected individuals in the same area will be exposed Failure of PPE means that the worker will be exposed

Working at different levels

It is an detailed, in the safe working procedure, when working at heights.
Analyse the Operation

Operational Analysis and Control (OAC)

What can cause harm? What are you doing about it? Is it enough?

Manage the Operation

What has to be done? What resources do you need? When does the operation need reviewed?

Effectiveness Review

Has the operation progressed as planned? Detail the changes needed? List the improvement actions?

know where the harm is;

Identify the key hazards associated with working at heights & outcomes of a fall or impact from falling objects.

Source of Hazards (non-exhaustive list)

Outcomes of exposure (non-exhaustive list)

Ladders Trestles Roofs Edge of drops (e.g. floor-openings, pits) Stairwells

Physical injury


Avoid working at heights, whenever possible.

Access Equipment

Using the appropriate type of access equipment and controls means

Access equipment (e.g. MEWPs, ladders) and anything attached to it and used in lifting is to be of adequate strength and stability for each load, and is to be designed and erected in a way that prevents the user from being crushed, trapped, struck or falling from the carrier


Excavation Hazards
Other hazards include: Asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen Inhalation of toxic materials Fire Moving machinery near the edge of the excavation can cause a collapse Accidental severing of underground utility lines

Cave-in Hazard
Inadequate protective system Adequate protective system

Near High Voltage Power Lines.

Electricity travels at the speed of light (186,000 miles per second) and is three to four times hotter than a burning building. (6,000 to 8,000 degrees).Electric arc temperatures can melt steel. When a short circuit occurs or current flow is interrupted, an arc is often created. If the current, involved is great enough, these arcs can cause injury or can start a fire.

Electrical injuries Electrical injuries consist of four main types: Electrocution (fatal) Electric Shock Electrical Burns Falls caused as a result of contact with electrical energy.

Electrical injuries may occur in various ways: Direct contact with electrical energy Injuries that occur when electricity arcs to a victim. Flash burns generated by an electrical arc. Flame burns from the ignition of clothing or other combustible material

Electrical Protective Equipment

high voltage rubber gloves rubber sleeves line hose, insulating covers and blankets, employee should be trained regularly on equipment to include details on the design of the equipment, electrical protection requirements, and electrical testing procedures and in service care and use.

Dressed for success!!