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VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

When Sinuses Attack


WHAT ARE SINUSES?
Sinuses are air filled spaces in the skull located behind the fore-head, cheeks, nose and between and behind the eyes. Usually mucous is able to drain out of these sinuses and air is able to circulate but when the sinus cavities around the nose become inflamed and swollen, it will interfere with the drainage causing mucous build up. This is sinusitis. Acute sinusitis infection lasts between 7 and 10 days (common cold) Chronic sinusitis long term inflammation of about 12 weeks and keeps recurring despite treatment.

Symptoms Cough, often worse at night Fatigue and generally not feeling well Loss of sense of smell or bad breath Fever (not common in chronic sinusitis) Headache- pressure like pain, pain behind the eyes, toothache or facial tenderness Nasal congestion and discharge Sore throat and postnasal drip

HOW TO TREAT SINUSITIS?


Drink plenty of liquid. Best way to unclog sinuses is to drink hot tea (any type) or hot chicken soup. These hot liquids help moisturize your mucous membranes and speed up movement of your cilia and flushes mucus out of your sinuses more quickly. Apply warm compresses to your face. Soak a small towel in warm water then place it over your face and between the eyes. It helps increase the circulation in your sinuses. Steam inhalation. Helps to open up congested nasal passages, more effective if some menthol oil is dropped into the water before your start inhaling the vapors. Sleeping with your head elevated to help drain the sinuses. Under doctors prescription. Apply saline nasal spray corticosteroids will help prevent and treat inflammation. to rinse nasal passages. Nasal

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

Dustproof your bedroom. Dust and dust mites can wreak havoc on your mucous membranes, especially when you're asleep and your cilia are at rest.

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE

VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Hand & Finger Safety


Hands and fingers are our most important instruments , therefore we should be very cautious whenever we are involved in intense activities with the use of our hands. GUIDELINE HAND PROTECTION Be alert to potential hand/finger hazards BEFORE engaging in an activity requiring the use of hands Be alert to possible unguarded pinch points ALWAYS USE SAFEGUARDS such as push-sticks, guards, shields, and other protective devices DO NOT REMOVE GUARDS DO NOT PUT FINGERS/HANDS IN OR AROUND MOVING PARTS Only use equipment/tools you are trained on and authorized to use Use brushes to wipe away debris Inspect equipment and machinery BEFORE AND AFTER use to make sure it is in good operating condition Disconnect power and follow established lock-out procedures REPORT TO YOUR SUPERVISOR Never wear jewelry or loose clothing when working with moving machine parts Use appropriate personal protective equipment (guards, gloves, forearm cuffs, barrier creams) for the tasks you are performing When wearing gloves be sure they fit properly and are rated for the specific task you are performing Select tools designed to keep wrists straight Inspect your work environment and demarcate, if possible, possibility for you to injure your hands/fingers areas where there is a

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE

VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Renewable Energy Sources


Many nations count on coal, oil and natural gas to supply most of their energy needs. Fossil fuels are a finite resource where it eventually will run out or it will become too expensive to retrieve. Fossil fuels also cause air, water and soil pollution and also produce greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Renewable energy resources, such as wind, solar and hydropower offer clean alternatives to fossil fuels. It produces little or no pollution or greenhouse gases and will never run out. 1. Solar Energy Sunlight or solar energy can be used for heating, lighting, cooling homes, buildings, and a variety of industrial processes. Most forms of renewable energy come either directly or indirectly from the sun. 2. Wind Energy Wind is the movement of air that occurs when warm air rises and cooler air rushes in to replace it. The energy of the wind has been used for centuries to sail ships and drive windmills that grind grain. Today, wind energy is captured by wind turbines and used to generate electricity. 3. Hydropower Water is constantly recharged by the global cycle of evaporation and precipitation. Water flowing downstream has a powerful force, the flowing water can be used to power water wheels that drive mechanical processes, which is captured by turbines and transmitted to generators to generate electricity like those housed at many dams. 4. Biomass Energy Wood is still the most common source of biomass energy but other sources of biomass energy include food crops, grasses, agricultural and forestry waste/ residue, organic components from municipal and industrial wastes. Even methane gas harvested from community landfills can be used as energy source. Biomass can be used to produce electricity and as fuel for transportation. 6. Geothermal Energy The heat inside the Earth produces steam and hot water that can be used to power generators and produce electricity or for other applications such as home heating and power generation for industry. Geothermal energy can be drawn from deep underground reservoirs by drilling or from other geothermal reservoirs closer to the surface. 7. Ocean Energy Energy from ocean waves and tides can be harnessed to generate electricity and ocean thermal energy from the heat stored in sea water can also be converted to electricity. Using current technologies, most ocean energy is not cost-effective compared to other renewable energy sources but the ocean remains as important potential energy source for the future.

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE

VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ship Routing & Safe Navigation


Ship routing - It has several motives behind it, the core principle of which remains to ensure all ships reach their destination safely. Ship routing is done not only for managing marine traffic but also to avoid adverse weather conditions too. Satellite imaging and better wireless communication systems prove highly advantageous for this purpose. SEVERAL WAYS OF SHIP ROUTEING INCLUDE: Standard optimum ship routing service This marine ship routing deals with recommending a vessel with most safe shipping route prior to sailing along with monitoring its progression throughout the journey. The settings for shipping route, ship speed and other conditions are done taking into account the weather conditions, route safety and a minor proposition for unprecedented events. This is, however, a personalized service and is not a standardized measure for ship routing. Bon Voyage System (BVS) This weather data system is also one of the most commonly used ways for regulating and monitoring ship routes. This efficient system stores and graphically presents weather forecast to up to 16 days and makes it available directly onboard. Key factors like surface pressure, winds, significant wave heights, swell, tropical storm information, current conditions, ice information etc. can directly be assessed and delivered onboard through BVS. This can be further cross checked with authorities to know about the traffic from that route. Satellite imaging Satellite imaging comes as one of the most efficient tools for ship routing. Any shipping route can be checked upon at any given time using the satellite images from that region. The latest development in this field includes use of Synthetic Aperture Radar for satellite imaging. This technology allows taking high resolution images of different cloud and light conditions. It can prove exceptionally useful in ice covered regions of the world, making marine navigation in ice covered parts of the world much easier and safer. All these ship routing systems can only provide information about the best route to take for a particular voyage. However, to know about which route is most suitably available a standardized authority needs to regulate ship traffic all over the world. To make matters simpler, currently all the shipping traffic is controlled according to the guidelines set by a single international organization; International Maritime Organization (IMO). The IMO looks into maintaining all the shipping routes to keep the traffic smooth and to avoid accidents. All the governments adhering to guidelines of this organization follow a standardized protocol.

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE

VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE

VOLUME 0001/12 January 2012 Monthly Publication

Your Health, Safety & Environmental Information Resource..

Prepared by: R.Bala Y. Kassthurei Editor: Elaine Salmi Support Team: Intan Nur Yasmine Nurul Ain Advisor(s): Mr.Johany Jaafar Ms. Nazlin Mr. Razak Address: D-9-8 Megan Avenue One, 189 , Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Tel.:+603 2166 8988

Fax:+603 2166 6988

www.efogen.com Reference: Star Article by Dr. Kalpana Nayar www.safetyissues.com Yatch Survey.com

Photographs Courtesy of Achmad Sudrajat Chief Engineer of MV Efogen Altamis

An ounce of PREVENTION is better than a pound of CURE