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:

)

(

( )


( )

( : ) Principle of uniformitarianism


The present is the key to the past

( )

) ( Principle of fossils succession




Geochronology

( ) Geologic time scale

.1
( ( Hadean Eon

3800

4600

Out gassing

.2
Archean Eon



2500
3800

.
28 %

(
)


) ( Gneiss belts

.



( ( Greenstone belts

(
)


Proterozoic Eon

.3



.
600

2500

).



Stromatolites:

Algae:

Ediacara:


Phanerozoic Eon