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ME 2305 Applied Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Notes on Lesson
Class : III Year Mechanical Engg., A & B Section, 2009 Batch.

Index
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Class Test Plan Self Study Topics Class Seminar Topics Weekly Assignments Open Book Test Notes on Lesson
Lecturer Hour Activities Tutorial Hours Details

Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 to 84

7. Doubt Clarification Session8. Recap Session Details

Slide 85 to 87 Slide 88 to 91
2

Class Test Plan


S.No. Test No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I II III IV V VI VII VIII Date 11.07.2011 01.11.2011 22.11.2011 05.09.2011 19.09.2011 26.10.2011 10.10.2011 29.10.2011 Unit I Pumps (Gear, vane, Piston) DCV, PCV Accumulator, Intensifier FRL, Compressors, Air control valves Fluid Power Circuits Cascade methods PLC Syllabus

Self Study Topic


S.No.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Unit
I II III IV V

Self Study Topic


Losses in pipes, Valves and Fittings Rotary Actuators Relays & Solenoids Properties of Air Failures and Trouble Shooting

Class Seminar Topics


S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Unit I II III IV V

Class Seminars Topic


Application of Pascals Law (3 application) Hydraulic Actuators Application of Intensifier Circuit Properties of air and compressors Application of Fluid power Circuit

Guidelines for Writing Weekly Assignments

Assignments should be submitted on or before the last date before 10.00 A.M. Assignments should be written only in the college assignment notebooks. Assignments should be written using blue or black pen. Assignments should be neat and legible. Viva questions will be asked during the submission time. If not answered then that assignment should be repeated again. Doubts related to the assignments can be cleared at any time. Assignments should be collected back on the next day of submission. 6 Assignments carries 20 % of internal marks

Weekly Assignment Plan


Ass. Date Of No. Assign. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30-Jun-11 7-Jul-11 14-Jul-11 21-Jul-11 28-Jul-11 4-Aug-11 11-Aug-11 18-Aug-11 25-Aug-11

Assignment

Last Date of Submission

Advantage and Application of Fluid Power 4-Jul-11 Systems Various Fluid Power Symbols (Min of 30 Symbols) 11-Jul-11
Any 3 Application of Pascal's Law - Explain 18-Jul-11

Explain the basis of Hydraulics 25-Jul-11 Explain the various losses in pipes, valves and 1-Aug-11 fittings. Draw the Diagram of Gear, Vane and Piston Pump 8-Aug-11 Differentiate Gear, Vane and Piston Pump Explain Cylinder Cushioning Draw the DCV, PCV, FCV (Min. of 12 dig.) 15-Aug-11 22-Aug-11 29-Aug-11

10

1-Sep-11

Explain any 3 application of Hydraulic circuits

5-Sep-11
Cont
7

Ass. Date Of No. Assign.

Assignment

Last Date of Submission

11 12 13 14

8-Sep-11 15-Sep-11 22-Sep-11 29-Sep-11

Explain Intensifier Circuit Explain FRL Explain Air control valves

12-Sep-11 19-Sep-11 26-Sep-11

Explain Sequence and Synchronize circuit 3-Oct-11

15
16 17 18

6-Oct-11
13-Oct-11 20-Oct-11 27-Oct-11

Draw A+B+C+D+D-C-B-ADraw A+A-B+B-C+C-D+CExplain Fluidics Logic Gates Explain ladder Diagram

10-Oct-11
17-Oct-11 24-Oct-11 31-Oct-11 07-Nov-11

19. 03-Nov-11 Explain Low Cost Automation

Open Book Test Plan


S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Unit test I II III IV V Only Diagrams and circuits Application of Pascal's law Pump and valve diagrams Hydraulics Circuits Cascade and pneumo Circuits Hydride Circuits

Class

:1
18.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to subject & syllabus review

Introduction about the subject. Objective of the Subject Need of the hydraulics and pneumatics Industrial applications Advanced technologies. Scope for the project work. Brief explanation on unit I, II, III, IV, V.

10

Class

: 2
20.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to fluid power

Explanation about Fluid. Explanation about Fluid power. Application of fluid power. Advantage and disadvantage of fluid power.

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Class

: 3
20.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Advantages of fluid power

Detailed discussion on the advantages of the fluid power system.

12

Class

: 4
23.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Application of fluid power system

Various applications of the fluid power systems. Merits and demerits of those systems. Simple circuit of those systems.

13

Class

: 5
25.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of fluid power systems

Classification of fluid power system Brief description of fluid power system Merits and demerits of the fluid power system

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Class : 6 Date : 27.06.2011 Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Properties of hydraulic fluids, General types

of fluids

Fluid and its classification Properties of the fluids. Advantage of the fluid properties Properties of the hydraulic fluids. Application of fluids and the hydraulic fluids.

15

Class

: 7
27.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Fluid power symbols

Various fluid power system symbols and explanation. How to differentiate the various fluid power symbols. Practices to draw the various fluid power symbols.

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Class

: 8
30.06.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Basics of hydraulics

Basic hydraulic circuit. Basic essential components. Functions of the hydraulic components. Working of the hydraulic components and circuits.

17

Class

: 9 02.07.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Basics of hydraulics, Applications of Pascals law

Basics of the Hydraulics. Pascal law Various applications of the Pascals law. Student Seminars.

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Class

: 10 04.07.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Laminar and turbulent flow, Reynoldss number, Darcys equation

Explanation on laminar and turbulent flow with application and examples. Difference between Laminar and Turbulent Flow. Reynolds Number Experimental setup, derivation and application. Darcy's Equation derivation, equation and its application.
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Class

: 11 04.07.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Laminar and turbulent flow, Reynoldss number, Darcys equation

Application, Problems and applications with real time examples

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Class

: 12 07.07.2011

Date

Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Losses In Pipe, Valves And Fittings

Various connecting devices in the Hydraulic Circuits. Efficiency of the system. Effects of leakage and losses of oil. Effect due to losses in pipes. Effects due losses in Valves. Effects due to losses in Fittings.
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Class

: 13 09.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pumping Theory, Pump Classification

Simple laws on pressure and volume. Basics of Pumping Theory. Working Procedure of the Rotary and reciprocating pumps. Various types of pumps and descriptions.

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Class
Unit

: 14 11.07.2011

Date

: I Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test I : Unit I topics

Basic Hydraulic circuit and its component explanations. Various losses in Hydraulic circuits. Brief Explanation on laminar, turbulent, Reynolds number, and Darcy equation. Properties and application of Fluid Power system. Applications of Pascal's law
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Class
Unit

: 15 11.07.2011

Date

: I Period : 4 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test I : Unit I topics

Basic Hydraulic circuit and its component explanations. Various losses in Hydraulic circuits. Brief Explanation on laminar, turbulent, Reynolds number, and Darcy equation. Properties and application of Fluid Power system. Applications of Pascal's law
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Class

: 16 14.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Gear pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Basics and working principle of the Gear pump. Derivation for efficiency calculation of the gear pump. Merits and demerits of the gear pump. Various types of the Gear pump. Application of the gear pump.
25

Class

: 17 16.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Gear pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Brief Explanation on the various types of the gear pumps and its operating principle. Efficiency calculation of the various gear pumps. Merits and demerits of the various types of the gear pumps.

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Class

: 18 18.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Vane pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Basics and working principle of the Vane pump. Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Vane pump. Merits and demerits of the Vane pump. Various types of the Vane pump. Application of the Vane pump.
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Class

: 19 18.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Vane pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Brief Explanation on the various types of the vane pumps and its operating principle. Efficiency calculation of the various vane pumps. Merits and demerits of the various types of the vane pumps.

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Class

: 20 21.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Piston pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Basics and working principle of the Piston pump. Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Piston pump. Merits and demerits of the Piston pump. Various types of the Piston pump. Application of the Piston pump.
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Class

: 21 23.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Piston pump construction and working of pumps pump performance

Brief Explanation on the various types of the Piston pumps and its operating principle. Efficiency calculation of the various Piston pumps. Merits and demerits of the various types of the Piston pumps.

30

Class

: 22 25.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Variable displacement pumps

Basics and working principle of the Variable displacement pump. Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Variable displacement . Merits and demerits of the Variable displacement Various types of the Variable displacement . Application of the Variable displacement
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Class

: 23 25.07.2011

Date

Basics and working principle of the hydraulic actuators. Derivation for efficiency calculation of the hydraulic actuators. Merits and demerits of the hydraulic actuators Various types of the hydraulic actuators. Application of the hydraulic actuators

Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Linear hydraulic actuators

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Class

: 24 28.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of hydraulic cylinders, Single acting, double acting

Various Types of Hydraulic Cylinders. Working principle and the applications. Single Acting Cylinder and its performance measurements. Double acting Cylinder and its performance measurements.

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Class

: 25 30.07.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Special cylinders like tandem, rod less, telescopic, cushioning mechanism

Various types of special cylinders and its applications. Tandem cylinder. Rod less Cylinder. Telescopic cylinder. Cylinder Cushioning.

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Class

: 26 01.11.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test II : Pump

Any Three Questions External Gear Pump. Balanced vane Pump. Radial Piston Pump. Cylinder Cushioning.

35

Class

: 27 01.11.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test II : Pump

Any Three Questions External Gear Pump. Balanced vane Pump. Radial Piston Pump. Cylinder Cushioning.

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Class

: 28 04.11.2011

Date

Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Rotary actuators :gear, vane and piston motors

Rotary Actuators types and its various applications. Gear actuator and its various types. Vane Actuator and its Various types. Piston actuator and its Various types.

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Class

: 29 06.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Director control valve 3/2 way valve

Valves Application of Valves. Various types of valves. Principle of DCV 3/2 way DCV.

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Class

: 30 11.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : 4/2 way valve

4/2 way DCV

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Class

: 31 11.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Shuttle valve check valve

Various other Direction Control Valves. Shuttle Valves. Check Valve. Various other valve.

40

Class

: 32 11.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pressure control valve pressure reducing valve

Pressure Control valve and its applications. Working principle of the PCV. Various types of pressure regulating valves. Pressure control valve. Pressure reducing valve.

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Class

: 33 13.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Sequence valve, Flow control valve fixed and adjustable

Working principle of sequence valve. Flow control devices and its applications. Various flow control valves. Fixed flow control valve Variable flow control valve.

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Class

: 34 18.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Electrical control solenoid valves, relays, Ladder diagram

Electrical control valves and its advantages. Various electrical control valves based on applications. Solenoid valves. Relays. Ladder diagram and its applications.

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Class

: 35 20.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Electrical control solenoid valves, relays, Ladder diagram

Various electrical control valves based on applications. Ladder diagram and its applications. With Circuits.

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Class
Unit

: 36 22.11.2011

Date

: III Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test III : Valves

Any 3 Questions 3/2 DCV valve Pressure Reducing valve Shuttle valve, check valve and sequence valve Ladder Diagram.

45

Class
Unit

: 37 22.11.2011

Date

: III Period : 4 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test III : Valves

Any 3 Questions 3/2 DCV valve Pressure Reducing valve Shuttle valve, check valve and sequence valve Ladder Diagram.

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Class

: 38 25.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of accumulators, sizing of accumulators

Accumulator. Application of Accumulator. Various types of accumulator. Sizing of accumulator.

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Class

: 39 27.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Accumulators circuits

4 Application circuits of accumulator.

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Class

: 40 29.11.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Accumulators circuits

4 Application circuits of accumulator.

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Class : 41 Date : 29.11.2011 Unit : III Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Intensifier, applications of intensifier, intensifier circuit.

Intensifier. Application of Intensifiers. Operating principle of intensifier.

50

Class

: 42 01.09.2011

Date

Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : TH Topic : Intensifier applications of intensifier intensifier circuit.

Intensifier application circuits

51

Class

: 43 03.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to pneumatics, properties of air

Pneumatics. Need for pneumatics. Comparison of hydraulics and pneumatics. Application, advantages and disadvantage. Properties of Air.

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Class

: 44 05.09.2011

Date

: III Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class test IV : Accumulator &

Unit

Intensifier
Any Three Circuits with flow diagram. Application of accumulator. Application of Intensifier.

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Class Unit Topic

: 45 05.09.2011

Date

: III Period : 4 LH / TH : : Class test IV : Accumulator & Intensifier

Any Three Circuits with flow diagram. Application of accumulator. Application of Intensifier.

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Class

: 46 11.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Compressors

Compressor Working principle Types of compressor Application, Advantage, and disadvantage of compressors.

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Class

: 47 10.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Filter, regulator, lubricator unit

Construction and working principle of Filter, Regulator and Lubricator.

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Class

: 48 12.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Air control valves, quick exhaust valves

Air control valves and its application circuits. Quick exhaust valves and its application circuits.

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Class

: 49 12.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pneumatic actuators

Pneumatic actuators. Various types of the pneumatic actuators. Application of pneumatic actuators.

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Class

: 50 15.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Fluid power circuit design

Various types of fluid power application with circuit designs.

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Class

: 51 17.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Speed control circuits, synchronizing circuit, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit

Various speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit.

60

Class

: 52 19.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test V : Compressor and valves

Various types of compressors. Circuits using pneumatic valves

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Class

: 53 19.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test V : Compressor and valves

Various types of compressors. Circuits using pneumatic valves

62

Class

: 54 22.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : TH Topic : Speed control circuits, synchronizing circuit, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit

Various speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit.

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Class

: 55 24.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Speed control circuits, synchronizing circuit, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit

Various speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit.

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Class : 56 Date : 26.09.2011 Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VI : Fluid power Circuits

Any three circuits with flow diagram Various speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit.

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Class

: 57 26.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VI : Fluid power Circuits

Any three circuits with flow diagram Various speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design, penumo hydraulic circuit, sequential circuit.

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Class

: 58 29.09.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Design for simple applications using cascade method

Cascade method circuit design procedure and application

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Class

: 59 01.10.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Design for simple applications using cascade method

Cascade method circuit design

68

Class

: 60 03.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Design for simple applications using

cascade method
Cascade method circuit design

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Class

: 61 03.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Servo systems hydro mechanical servo systems.

Application circuit for servo system. Application circuit for hydro mechanical system Application circuit for hydro mechanical servo system.

70

Class

: 62 06.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Electro hydraulic servo systems & proportional valves

Application of circuits using electro servo system Application circuit using proportional valves.

71

Class

: 63 11.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to fluidic devices

Fluidics devices. Application of fluidics Working principle of fluidics Advantages and disadvantage of fluidics.

72

Class

: 64 10.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VII : Cascade Method

Cascade circuit design

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Class

: 65 10.10.2011

Date

Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VII : Cascade Method

Cascade circuit design

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Class

: 66 13.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : simple circuits

Application circuits using fluidics.

75

Class

: 67 15.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : simple circuits

Application circuits using fluidics.

76

Class

: 68 17.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to electro hydraulic pneumatic logic circuits

Logics Logic gates. Electro hydraulic pneumatic logic circuits.

77

Class

: 69 17.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Ladder diagrams

Ladder Diagram. Components of ladder diagram. Ladder diagram design procedure. Ladder diagram for an application.

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Class

: 70 20.10.2011

Date Period : 7

Unit : V LH / TH : LH Topic

: PLC

Basics of PLC PLC application, merits and demerits. Low cost automation using PLC.

79

Class

: 71 22.10.2011

Date
Period : 3

Unit : V LH / TH : TH Topic

: PLC

Low cost automation using PLC circuits.

80

Class

: 72 24.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Applications in fluid power control

Various application of fluid power control circuits.

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Class

: 73 24.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Applications in fluid power control

Various application of fluid power control circuits.

82

Class

: 74 27.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Fluid power circuits, failure & troubleshooting

Failure and trouble shooting of various fluid power circuits.

83

Class

: 75 29.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class test VIII : PLC

Low cost automation. PLC with ladder diagram.

84

Class

: 76 31.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session

Any Doubt in Unit I, II and III. A Overview of the subject.

85

Class

: 77 31.10.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session

Any Doubt in Unit IV and V. A Overview of the subject.

86

Class

: 78 03.11.2011

Date

Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session

Doubt on any topics. A overview of the subject recap.

87

Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Recap Session

A overview of the subject recap.

88

Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Recap Session

A overview of the subject recap.

89

Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Open Book Test

As mentioned..

90

Open book test and Recap done till the last day of syllabus completion

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Thank U
All the Best to get Good marks in the Examination.

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