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Capital Account Surplus and Deficit of major economies

Balance of Payments(BOP)
The measurement of all international economic transactions between the residents of a country and foreign residents is called the balance of payments (BOP) The BOP of a country is a systematic record of all economic transactions between the residents of a country and the rest of the world. It presents a classified record of all receipts on a account of goods exported, services rendered and capital received by residents and payments made by them on account of goods imported and

BOP accounts
Current Account Visible net + Invisible net = Current Account Balance Credit > Debit Current A/c surplus Credit < Debit Current A/c Deficit

Capital/ Financial Account Capital Account = Change in foreign ownership of domestic assets Change in domestic ownership of foreign assets

Capital Account
Capital transfers related to the purchase and sale of fixed assets. E.g.: Real estate This account of the BOP measures all international economic transactions of financial assets A national account that shows the net change in asset ownership for a nation. The capital account is the net result of public and private international investments flowing in and out of a country. May also refer to an account showing the net

The Capital Account is made up of transfers of:

Financial assets The acquisition and disposal of non produced/non financial assets.

Capital Account
Breaking this down:
Capital Account = Foreign direct investment + Portfolio investment + Other investment + Reserve account

Capital Account Surplus


An imbalance in a nation's balance of payments capital account in which payments received by the country for selling domestic assets exceed payments made by the country for purchasing foreign assets. A surplus in the capital account means money is flowing into the country, In other words, investment by the domestic economy in foreign assets is greater than foreign investment in domestic assets.

Capital Account Deficit


An imbalance in a nation's balance of payments capital account in which payments made by the country for purchasing foreign assets exceed payments received by the country for selling domestic assets. A deficit in the capital account means money is flowing out the country, but it also suggests the nation is increasing its claims on foreign assets. This means foreigners are gaining possession of assets in a particular economy. In other words, investment by the domestic economy in foreign assets is less than foreign

Major Economies : U.S.


The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in the United States was last reported at 152347000.00 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in the United States was -140127000.00 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010.

Japan
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Japan was last reported at 6190187428.03 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Japan was 7416992078.16 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. The Net capital

UK
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in the United Kingdom was last reported at 5182095196.59 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in the United Kingdom was 5709235309.12 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. The

Russia
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Russia was last reported at 72872100.00 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Russia was -12114351700.00 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Russia was reported at

Greece
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Greece was last reported at 2792645409.88 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Greece was 2937026495.32 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010.

Germany
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Germany was last reported at 822381384.49 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in Germany was 69479651.64 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. The Net capital account

China
China's capital and financial account swung into a deficit of $71.4 billion from a surplus of $56.1 billion in the first quarter as domestic firms and residents increased their holdings of foreign currencies amid the global turbulence.

India
The Net capital account (BoP; US dollar) in India was last reported at 1306390.72 in 2010, according to a World Bank report released in 2011. Net capital account includes government debt forgiveness, investment grants in cash or in kind by a government entity, and taxes on capital transfers. Also

ANKUR(04) PANKAJ MOR(12) SUMITRA MOHANTY(14) C.M PRASHANT(16) MANISH TIRKEY(25)