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DEFINITION OF TERMS
Call Drop Rate (%)
= No. of Drop Calls / No. of Calls
= Rate of Drop Calls (system+radio+handover) over the total amount of calls with a
Call Setup Success Rate (%) = (1-SDCCH Drop Rate) * (1-RTCH Assign Unsuccessful Rate) = Rate of calls going until RTCH successful assignment
( from SDCCH seizure to RTCH seizure )
Handover Incoming Success Rate (%)
= HO Incoming Success / HO Incoming Request = Rate of Incoming External and Internal Intercell RTCH and SDCCH HO successes over the total amount of Incoming External and Internal Intercell HO requests.
CALL DROP RATE
Main Causes of Call Drop
Drop Call due to Radio Problem
Drop Call due to Handover Problem
Drop Call Due to System Problem
CALL DROP DUE TO RADIO PROBLEM Bad Settings for HO Algorithm Isolated Cell GSM Radio Problem Clock Problem Communication Duration Unbalanced Bad Adjacency Planning Wrong Handover Interfered Frequency .
CALL DROP DUE TO HANDOVER PROBLEM Duplicate BCCH. BSIC Target Cell Congested CELL Interfered GSM Handover Problem Wrong Handover Declaration Coverage Problem Bad Settings of Power Control Algorithm Clock Problem Interfered Frequency Too much TCH Traffic RTCH always busy FU Blocked Loss of TCH resources Some Planned Adjacencies are not declared at OMCR Some Operational Adjacencies are not Planned Adjacencies not declared on both side .
CALL DROP DUE TO SYSTEM PROBLEM Remote Transcoder Problem GSM System Problem BSS Internal Failures System Problem on Cell System Problem on BSC .
CALL SETUP SUCCESS RATE Main Causes of Call Setup Problem 1. SDCCH Drop Problem . RTCH Assignment Failure Problem 2.
CALL SETUP PROBLEM DUE TO RTCH ASSIGNMENT FAIL TCH Assign Fail System Radio Equipment Problem TCH Assignment Fail Problem TCH Assign Fail Radio Abis Programming Problem FU Blocked .
CALL SETUP PROBLEM DUE TO SDCCH DROP PROBLEM Link Failure SDCCH Drop System Processor Restart BSS Int. Problem SDCCH Drop Problem SDCCH Drop HO Standalone SDCCH HO Problem TCH HO Problem SDCCH HO not Activated SDCCH Drop Radio TCH Radio Problem .
HANDOVER SUCCESS RATE TOPICS TO BE DISCUSSED: • Few Handovers on Better Cell • Intra Cell Handover Problem • Incoming Handover Problem • Outgoing Handover Problem .
FEW HANDOVERS ON BETTER CELL Adjacent Interferer Too many HO on Quality Interfered Frequency Potential Interferer Co-channel Interferer Few Handovers on Better Cell External Interferer Problem of Uplink Reception Too many HO on Level Problem of Downlink Transmission .
INTRACELL HANDOVER PROBLEM Main Causes of Intracell Handover Problem 1. Congestion Problem 2. HO Failure with Reversion to Old Channel 3. HO Fail with Drop Call .
INTRACELL HANDOVER PROBLEM DUE TO CONGESTION PROBLEM RTCH always Busy FU Blocked Problem of Congestion Loss of TCH Resource Too Much TCH Traffic .
INTRACELL HANDOVER PROBLEM DUE TO REVERSION TO OLD CHANNEL HO Fail with Reversion to Old Channel Interfered Cell Interfered Frequency .
INTRACELL HANDOVER PROBLEM WITH CALL DROP System Problem on BSC Dropped Call due to System Failure System Problem on Cell HO Fail with Dropped Call Bad Settings of Intracell HO Timer Dropped Call due to Radio Failure Interfered Cell Interfered Frequency .
Problem of HO Congestion 2. HO Failure Problem .PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL INCOMING HANDOVER Main Causes of Incoming Handover Problem 1.
PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL INCOMING HANDOVER DUE TO CONGESTION Problem of Too Much TCH Traffic Problem of HO Congestion RTCH Always Busy FU Blocked Loss of TCH Resources .
PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL INCOMING HANDOVER DUE TO HANDOVER FAILURE PROBLEM System Problem on BSC System Problem on Cell Interfered Cell Interfered Frequency HO Failure System Coverage Problem Wrong HO Relationship Bad Settings of HO Algorithm Problem of HO Failures Outgoing Problem on Serving Cell Outgoing Problem on Internal Serving Cell HO Failure Radio Outgoing Problem on External Serving Cell Bad Settings of Power Control Algorithm Interfered Cell Interfered Frequency Coverage Problem Duplicate BCCH. BSIC Bad Settings of HO Algorithm Clock Problem Bad Settings of Power Control Algorithm Interfered Cell Interfered Frequency .
Problem of High Handover Reversion 2. Problem of Drop Calls .PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL OUTGOING HANDOVER Main Causes of Unsuccessful Outgoing Handover 1.
PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL OUTGOING HANDOVER DUE TO HIGH HANDOVER REVERSION Congestion on Target Cell Too Much TCH Traffic Congestion on Target Cell Incoming Pb on Target Cell RTCH Always Busy Congestion on Target Cell Congestion on Internal Target Cell Pb of High HO Reversion Congestion on External Target Cell FU Blocked Congestion on Target Cell Loss of TCH Resources Congestion on Target Cell Incoming Pb on Internal Target Cell System Drop during Internal HO Interfered Cell Incoming Pb on External Target Cell Wrong HO Relationship Declarations System Drop during External HO Duplicate (BCCH.BSIC) Clock Problem .
PROBLEM OF UNSUCCESSFUL OUTGOING HANDOVER DUE TO DROP CALLS System Drop during Internal HO HO Drop System System Drop during External HO Pb of Drop Calls Radio Drop during Internal HO HO Drop Radio Radio Drop during External HO .
OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES .
DROP CALL PROBLEM ANALYSIS 1 Channel Request Imm Assignment Service Request Signalling : Signalling RLT = 0 . DROPS SDCCH DROP ! 2 Channel Request Imm Assignment Service Request SDCCH Signalling : Speech TCH RLT = 0 . DROPS TCH DROP ! 3 SDCCH / TCH Handover Command Hand Access Handover Failure HANDOVER FAILURE DROP ! .
Causes – Coverage – Interference & Multipath – BTS performance • Handover Failure .DROP CALL PROBLEM CAUSES • SDCCH Drops .Causes – Threshold parameters – Missing neighbors .Causes – Coverage – Interference & Multipath – BTS performance • TCH Drops .
DROP CALL PROBLEM SOLUTIONS – – – – Optimize Coverage Interference Management Optimize neighbors Optimize handover parameters – Effective Frequency Hopping – Use of DTX & Power control .
: RACH max_retrans NO RESPONSE FROM N/W ACCESS FAILURE ! 3 Channel Request Imm Assignment Service Request Signalling : Signalling NO TCH ASSIGNMENT Mobile Returns To Idle TCH BLOCKED ! 2 Channel Request RACH Imm Assign Reject SDCCH BLOCKED ! .CALL SETUP PROBLEM ANALYSIS ` 1 Channel Request RACH .
CALL SETUP PROBLEM SOLUTIONS – – – – – Optimize Coverage Interference Management Optimize Capacity Effective Frequency Hopping Use of DTX & Power control .
RESULT MS MEAS.BSC HANDOVER MOBILE A BTS A BSC A MSC BSC B BTS B MOBILE B SYS INFO 5 & 6 SACCH MEASUREMENT REP BTS MEAS. HO RQST ACK FACCH HO COMMAND DATA REQUEST RELEASE RQST HO COMMAND HANDOVER DETECT HANDOVER ACCESS PHYSICAL INFO PHYSICAL INFO EST INDICATION SABM UA HO COMPLETE CLEAR CMD CLEAR CMPLT DATA INDICATION HO COMPLETE RF CHNL RELEASE RF CHNL REL. ACT.INTER . RELEASE RELEASE CMPLT . ACK. ACK. RESULT HANDOVER REQ’D HANDOVER RQST CHANNEL ACT.
HANDOVER PROBLEM SOLUTIONS – – – – Optimize Coverage Interference Management Optimize Neighbors Optimize Handover parameters .
Cell Identity (CI) to identify any cell in a given location area. 4. 2. Location Area Identification including: • The Mobile Country Code (MCC) • The Mobile Network Code (MNC) • The Location Area Code (LAC) Cell Options including • Power Control Enabled • DTX Enabled • The value of the Radio Link Timeout counter PLM permitted which lists the network color codes (NCC’s) which the mobile can use.ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 5 Neighbour cells description which gives the ARFCN’s of the neighbour cells to be monitored and reported by the mobile. SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 6 1. 3. Note that this also an offset and a bit map listing up to 124 ARFCN’s. .
Uses Power Budget HO Margin . Timing Advance – Based on Timing Advance . 1.If Serving Cell Timing Advance is greater than a set distance and Neighbor Cell is better than the serving cell by more than the margin then initiate HO.ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TYPES OF HANDOVERS • PREVENTATIVE HO Improve Call Quality or Minimize Interference Power Budget – Based on Downlink Signal Levels .If Neighbor is better than Serving Cell by more than the margin. . initiate HO. 2.
then initiate HO. 1. and Neighbor Cell is better than the serving cell by more than the margin.Prevent Dropped Calls or Poor Quality Calls Level – Intended to HO a call before the signal level gets so low that quality is affected . then initiate HO. 2.If Serving Cell RXQual ( UL or DL ) is lower than a set value.Triggered on both UPLINK and DOWNLIK .Uses Quality HO Margin .ADDITIONAL INFORMATION • RESCUE HO . Quality – Intended to HO the Call Before the Quality level gets so low that the customer notices . and Neighbor Cell is better than the serving cell by more than the margin.If Serving Cell RXLev ( UL or DL ) is lower than a set value.Uses HO Level Margin .Triggered on both UPLINK and DOWNLIK . .
END OF PRESENTATION .
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