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CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION

Statement of Problems
Most of the students in Malaysia do not exercise. They rather spend their time in front of the computer compared to outdoor activities. This eventually leads to health problems. Therefore, this study is carried out to identify the level and knowledge of exercise awareness among secondary school students.

Specifically.Purpose of Study The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of exercise habits among secondary students. . •To know the outcome and insight acquired through this study. which is expected to create awareness among school students on the importance of their practice of exercise habits among them. • To investigate the students’ level of awareness in exercise habits and their knowledge on the importance of exercising.

Research Question: What is students’ level of awareness on exercise habits? Operational Definition Awareness . perception.An activity that enhances physical fitness and overall health. It is performed for various reasons including strengthening muscles and cardiovascular system as well as weight loss Habits .Habits are routines of behaviour that are repeated regularly .Having or showing realization.Significant of Study: Conclusion drawn from this study will enable the students to understand more about exercising. or knowledge Exercise .

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW .

the overall picture is less than ideal. . only 15% of the high school students do the one hour of daily aerobic exercise that health officials recommend. Just over 8% of girls in the survey reported getting 60 minutes of aerobic exercise per day. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in United States of America. According to the results.429 students. High school girls were far less likely than boys to meet the recommendation for either type of exercise. MinKyoung Song. a survey on students' exercise habits was conducted by Researcher.Habits In 2010. The survey conducted included sample of 11. Although 51% of students do engage in muscle-strengthening exercise at least three days a week. compared to 22% for boys.

. with only 40–60% being aware that physical activity was relevant to risk of heart disease. and 44% (developing countries).awareness The prevalence of inactivity in leisure time varied with cultural and economic developmental factors. averaging 23% (North-Western Europe and the United States). 30% (Central and Eastern Europe). Knowledge about activity and health was disappointing. 42% (Pacific Asian). 39% (Mediterranean). The likelihood of leisure-time physical activity was positively associated with the strength of beliefs in the health benefits of activity and with national economic development (per capita gross domestic product).

selfesteem. current exercise behaviour. attitudes toward physical education. perceived benefits of exercise. knowledge about the benefits of exercise. attitudes toward physical education. and gender contributed significantly and independently to exercise intent (total variance explained = 37%). As predicted. . Outside sports activities and attitudes toward physical education contributed significantly and independently to current exercise behaviour (total variance explained = 27%). and beliefs about one's abilities were assessed to determine their influence on exercise intent and current exercise behaviour.Knowledge In a study of middle school students (N = 603).

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .

A.Overview This study is purposed to investigate the awareness on exercise habits among students.E. Sekolah Menengah Kebangasaan Taman S. This site was chosen as the area has a balanced population of students of various socio-economic backgrounds. was chosen as it fulfils the criteria. . There are three main aspects of a student’s awareness that this study will focus on: habits. awareness. Site This study was carried out in a co-ed national secondary school in Petaling Jaya. knowledge and influence on exercise habits.

Data Analysis The survey data was collected and was then analysed using graphs and pie charts .Participants The participants of this study consist of students from various financial and educational backgrounds from a Form 5 class that is 5 Dahlia. Each item has 2 options. Instruments Survey forms containing 10 questions for the execution of this study. A total of 22 males and 8 females from the class were involved in the study.

CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS .

00% .1% 1 12.9% 2 25.1% 0 0.Number of respondents BMI Male Female BMI (kg/m²) Number % Number % Underweight (Below 18.0% Distribution of gender Gender of Student Boys Girls Total Number of Student 22 8 30 % 73.5) 9 40.9% 5 62.5% Obese (Above 30.0) 2 9.5% Overweight (25.3% 26.0% Normal (18.5 – 24.0 – 29.0% 7 100.9) 9 40.7% 100.9) 2 9.0% Total 22 100.

.1. 50% of the class never exercise on a daily basis while 50% of the class exercise on a daily basis. Engagement in Physical Exercise Daily 50% 50% No Yes Out of the total of 30 students.

2. The remaining 60% always exercise more than three . Engagement in Exercise Three Days per Week 40% 60% No Yes Outcome statistics indicated that 40% of students never exercise more than three days per week.

3% of students would go ahead and push themselves to .3. 43. Determination to Exercise 43% 57% No Yes Out of the total respondents. 57% of students would not push themselves to exercise.

Peer Influence 40% 60% No Yes A total of 60% of the students’ best friend does not like to exercise while 40% of the students’ best friend likes to exercise.4. .

. Concern towards body shape 37% 63% No Yes Out of the total.5. 37% students do not care about their body shape when they miss an exercise session 63% students are concerned towards their body shape.

However. 67% students would skip a planned exercise. .6. 33% of the students will not skip their exercise session when something unexpected comes up. Unexpected distraction 33% 67% No Yes Based on the figure.

7. Skipping exercise 30% No Yes 70% Outcome statistics indicated that 70% of the students would never miss a day of exercise of no good reason. . Only 30% students will skip exercise.

8. irritable or depressed) when they miss a scheduled exercise session while 13% students . Feeling emotional upon skipping exercise 13% 87% No Yes 87% of the students never feel emotional (tense.

60% of the class never would attempt to make up for a missed workout while 40% of the class students would try to make up. . Attempting for Making up For Skipped Workout 40% 60% No Yes Out of the total.9.

distance or speed of running). .10. 77% of the students never keep a record of their exercise performance (for example duration of workout. Record of exercise performance 23% 77% No Yes Based on the figure. Only 23% students keep their exercise record.

CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS .

Around half of the students in the class feel concerned about their body possibly getting out of shape if they often miss exercise. more than half of the students exercise more than three days per week. . The research had shown that they do not even push themselves to exercise. This is probably because they could not see the importance of exercising as they are not overweight or obese. This is probably because they do not have the time to exercise everyday as they have homework to do and tuition class to attend. However.Findings 1 Only half of the students in 5 Dahlia engage in physical exercise on a daily basis.

Besides that. irritable or depressed when they missed a scheduled exercise session. This can be further proven when they do not feel tense. .Findings 2 Majority of the students may miss a day of exercise for no good reason. and to make changes if necessary. students will be able to know the progress they are making. most of the students do not keep a record of their exercise performance. This shows that they do not place much emphasis on exercise. By keeping track of their exercise performance. This means they might not even know whether the exercise they were doing is bringing any positive results or not.

To show the children that exercise is important. Students must understand that good habits and knowledge of exercising can help improve their health and enhance their appearance and confidence.Surfing the Internet. With their busy lifestyles. This is crucial in this era where competition is keen to secure positions and Implications . watching television and playing video games are the favourite pastimes of today's students. Parents play a prominent role in encouraging their children to exercise. the best way to teach them is to lead by example. it is sometimes hard for parents to take the time to exercise.

In the same vein. • As the study is done in an urban area.• The sample size of this survey of 30 students is too small. it cannot be used to reflect the level of awareness of exercising in the rural areas of the country. limitation . The results obtained would not be accurate. • This study would not be representative of all students of Malaysia. it can hardly be used as a benchmark to compare exercise habits on a regional or global basis.

We hope future researchers can carry out a similar study but on a larger scale so that it could be more representative and reflective of the exercising habits among secondary school students. We would also like to recommend that a similar study be conducted on the Malaysian public so that there is a national level statistics towards planning for a more comprehensive health policy for all Malaysians.Recommendation and Future Research The research was carried out only on a small scale. .