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CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
Statement of Problems
Most of the students in Malaysia do not exercise. They rather spend their time in front of the computer compared to outdoor activities. This eventually leads to health problems. Therefore, this study is carried out to identify the level and knowledge of exercise awareness among secondary school students.
Specifically. • To investigate the students’ level of awareness in exercise habits and their knowledge on the importance of exercising.Purpose of Study The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of exercise habits among secondary students. •To know the outcome and insight acquired through this study. . which is expected to create awareness among school students on the importance of their practice of exercise habits among them.
It is performed for various reasons including strengthening muscles and cardiovascular system as well as weight loss Habits .Significant of Study: Conclusion drawn from this study will enable the students to understand more about exercising. perception. or knowledge Exercise .An activity that enhances physical fitness and overall health. Research Question: What is students’ level of awareness on exercise habits? Operational Definition Awareness .Habits are routines of behaviour that are repeated regularly .Having or showing realization.
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW .
Although 51% of students do engage in muscle-strengthening exercise at least three days a week. a survey on students' exercise habits was conducted by Researcher. Just over 8% of girls in the survey reported getting 60 minutes of aerobic exercise per day. only 15% of the high school students do the one hour of daily aerobic exercise that health officials recommend. According to the results. MinKyoung Song. .Habits In 2010. High school girls were far less likely than boys to meet the recommendation for either type of exercise. the overall picture is less than ideal. compared to 22% for boys.429 students. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in United States of America. The survey conducted included sample of 11.
with only 40–60% being aware that physical activity was relevant to risk of heart disease. 42% (Pacific Asian). and 44% (developing countries). 39% (Mediterranean). averaging 23% (North-Western Europe and the United States). . Knowledge about activity and health was disappointing.awareness The prevalence of inactivity in leisure time varied with cultural and economic developmental factors. 30% (Central and Eastern Europe). The likelihood of leisure-time physical activity was positively associated with the strength of beliefs in the health benefits of activity and with national economic development (per capita gross domestic product).
Knowledge In a study of middle school students (N = 603). and beliefs about one's abilities were assessed to determine their influence on exercise intent and current exercise behaviour. perceived benefits of exercise. selfesteem. . attitudes toward physical education. current exercise behaviour. knowledge about the benefits of exercise. As predicted. attitudes toward physical education. and gender contributed significantly and independently to exercise intent (total variance explained = 37%). Outside sports activities and attitudes toward physical education contributed significantly and independently to current exercise behaviour (total variance explained = 27%).
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .
knowledge and influence on exercise habits. Sekolah Menengah Kebangasaan Taman S.E. There are three main aspects of a student’s awareness that this study will focus on: habits. .A. This site was chosen as the area has a balanced population of students of various socio-economic backgrounds. Site This study was carried out in a co-ed national secondary school in Petaling Jaya. awareness.Overview This study is purposed to investigate the awareness on exercise habits among students. was chosen as it fulfils the criteria.
Data Analysis The survey data was collected and was then analysed using graphs and pie charts . Instruments Survey forms containing 10 questions for the execution of this study.Participants The participants of this study consist of students from various financial and educational backgrounds from a Form 5 class that is 5 Dahlia. Each item has 2 options. A total of 22 males and 8 females from the class were involved in the study.
CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS .
5) 9 40.Number of respondents BMI Male Female BMI (kg/m²) Number % Number % Underweight (Below 18.9) 9 40.5% Overweight (25.0 – 29.0% 7 100.9) 2 9.9% 5 62.00% .5% Obese (Above 30.0) 2 9.3% 26.7% 100.0% Normal (18.0% Total 22 100.0% Distribution of gender Gender of Student Boys Girls Total Number of Student 22 8 30 % 73.1% 1 12.9% 2 25.5 – 24.1% 0 0.
Engagement in Physical Exercise Daily 50% 50% No Yes Out of the total of 30 students. . 50% of the class never exercise on a daily basis while 50% of the class exercise on a daily basis.1.
The remaining 60% always exercise more than three . Engagement in Exercise Three Days per Week 40% 60% No Yes Outcome statistics indicated that 40% of students never exercise more than three days per week.2.
3. Determination to Exercise 43% 57% No Yes Out of the total respondents.3% of students would go ahead and push themselves to . 43. 57% of students would not push themselves to exercise.
4. . Peer Influence 40% 60% No Yes A total of 60% of the students’ best friend does not like to exercise while 40% of the students’ best friend likes to exercise.
37% students do not care about their body shape when they miss an exercise session 63% students are concerned towards their body shape. .5. Concern towards body shape 37% 63% No Yes Out of the total.
. 33% of the students will not skip their exercise session when something unexpected comes up. However.6. Unexpected distraction 33% 67% No Yes Based on the figure. 67% students would skip a planned exercise.
Only 30% students will skip exercise. Skipping exercise 30% No Yes 70% Outcome statistics indicated that 70% of the students would never miss a day of exercise of no good reason. .7.
Feeling emotional upon skipping exercise 13% 87% No Yes 87% of the students never feel emotional (tense.8. irritable or depressed) when they miss a scheduled exercise session while 13% students .
9. 60% of the class never would attempt to make up for a missed workout while 40% of the class students would try to make up. Attempting for Making up For Skipped Workout 40% 60% No Yes Out of the total. .
Record of exercise performance 23% 77% No Yes Based on the figure. 77% of the students never keep a record of their exercise performance (for example duration of workout. distance or speed of running). . Only 23% students keep their exercise record.10.
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS .
.Findings 1 Only half of the students in 5 Dahlia engage in physical exercise on a daily basis. However. more than half of the students exercise more than three days per week. This is probably because they do not have the time to exercise everyday as they have homework to do and tuition class to attend. Around half of the students in the class feel concerned about their body possibly getting out of shape if they often miss exercise. This is probably because they could not see the importance of exercising as they are not overweight or obese. The research had shown that they do not even push themselves to exercise.
This shows that they do not place much emphasis on exercise. . most of the students do not keep a record of their exercise performance. By keeping track of their exercise performance. Besides that. This can be further proven when they do not feel tense. and to make changes if necessary. irritable or depressed when they missed a scheduled exercise session. This means they might not even know whether the exercise they were doing is bringing any positive results or not.Findings 2 Majority of the students may miss a day of exercise for no good reason. students will be able to know the progress they are making.
it is sometimes hard for parents to take the time to exercise. watching television and playing video games are the favourite pastimes of today's students. This is crucial in this era where competition is keen to secure positions and Implications . To show the children that exercise is important. the best way to teach them is to lead by example.Surfing the Internet. Students must understand that good habits and knowledge of exercising can help improve their health and enhance their appearance and confidence. With their busy lifestyles. Parents play a prominent role in encouraging their children to exercise.
In the same vein. • As the study is done in an urban area. limitation .• The sample size of this survey of 30 students is too small. The results obtained would not be accurate. it can hardly be used as a benchmark to compare exercise habits on a regional or global basis. • This study would not be representative of all students of Malaysia. it cannot be used to reflect the level of awareness of exercising in the rural areas of the country.
Recommendation and Future Research The research was carried out only on a small scale. We would also like to recommend that a similar study be conducted on the Malaysian public so that there is a national level statistics towards planning for a more comprehensive health policy for all Malaysians. . We hope future researchers can carry out a similar study but on a larger scale so that it could be more representative and reflective of the exercising habits among secondary school students.
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