Dairy Regulations | Packaging And Labeling | Food Safety

Dairy Regulations in India

Dr. M. Ashraf Pal
Professor/Chief Scientist Division of Livestock Products Technology Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences & Technology Kashmir

Dairy Legislation Part of food legislation with special emphasis on the protection of dairy denominations
Objectives: • Protection of public health • Ensuring fair trade

Historical • Food laws existed some 32 centuries ago • Free translation of the text on the clay tablets in Archaeological museum Istanbul: ―You shall not spoil the fat in your neighbour’s bread neither shall you bewitch it ― • Barbarous punishments • In Germany (1465) two men burnt alive for adulteration of spices and their assistants buried alive • In Netherlands the adulterator of butter had to stand in front of a big fire with adulterated butter on his head until it melted .

A fine of 12 silver coins was imposed for the offence • Similar type of statute was current during the subsequent regimen of sultan Alauddin Khilji and Emperor Akbar .• In India adulteration of milk & milk products practiced from earlier times • Legislation was in force to curb adulteration and imitation of ghee as narrated in famous treatise on state administration by Kautilya in Arthashastra.

& Max. 1954 and its subsequent amendments • Rules were framed in 1954 and PFA act came into force in 1955 • It extended to whole of India • Standards were formulated and revised whenever required by an expert committee called CCFS • Prescribed the min.Mandatory Regulations • In India the Basic food regulation was the PFA. requirements for all type of foods • Foods not conforming were said to be adulterated • Provisions of the act were mandatory and contravention of rules could lead to fine and imprisonment .

wholesomeness.• The adulteration defined in a wide perspective in terms of purity. preservatives. nutrition. microbial toxins. toxicants. misbranding or mislabeling and anything injurious to health . safety against contaminants. colourants. insecticides and pesticides.

• Establishment of CFL (Mysore. Ghaziabad. Standardizing methods of analysis • Certification after analysis • Public analysists • Food inspectors . Kolkatta) for: 1. Analysis of food samples 2. Pune. Investigations for fixation of standards 3.

000 lit/day ) or handling > 500 tones of milk solids/annum • Up to 75. to consumers by regulating its processing & distribution • Registration compulsory for all milk processing plants (10.registered with DAH of respective states • > 75 000 lit/day-reregistered with related authority of the central government .000 lit/day. an essential commodity. regulated by MOA thru DAH&D • Exercised under essential commodities act • Objective: To ensure supply of liquid milk.Milk & Milk Products Order (1992) • A regulatory order of GOI .

• MMP advisory board constituted to: a) assist & advise the govt. marketing area. marking and labeling • The product needed to be got certified for conforming to PFA & W&M rules • Samples analyzed in BIS recommended labs. capacity. balancing of uneven supply. standards etc. • Collection within the specified milk shed • Restrictions on milk product manufacture & levy on SMP by milk controller to ensure liquid milk supply to general public in any region • Stringent sanitary and hygienic requirements for premises to grant license • Specific criteria for packing. b) establish norms for license like procurement area. .

essential services etc. of dairy plants • Promoted orderly growth in specified areas • Allowed free flow of surplus in areas of deficit • Number of Registered units fairly large with progressively increasing processing capacity . machinery.Salient Benefits • Ensured quality improvement through stringent sanitary and hygienic control • Helped evolving norms w r t processing.

. the net quantity therein.Weights & Measures Act • Enacted in 1975. MOCS. Under this Act it is necessary to: • Declare on each package the name and address of manufacturer. Rules for packaged commodities framed in 1977. Legal Metrology. New Delhi • Commodities to be packaged in specified quantities only . CA&PD. month/year of mfg. sale price etc. • Every manufacturer should be registered with the Director.

Export Quality Control & Inspection • Responsible Agency: Export Inspection Council for Quality Control • Compulsory pre-shipment inspection thru a network of >50 agencies located around major production centres and ports of shipment Pollution Control • NOC from Pollution Control Boards of respective states – mandatory .

Bureau of Indian Standards • Initiated formulation of standards in 1947 • Food and Agriculture Division Councils (FAD) – 1956 • Work of food legislation and standardization got fillip • 15 Sectional Committees dealing with food under FAD • Technical Committee FAD-57 deals with dairy products and equipments • Published 116 Standards • Standards formulation by an Expert Committee .

• • > 16000 Standards formulated so far Two-fold activities: 1. IS:5839) • Packaging: Published a list of permitted thermoplastic packaging material . IS:7005. Implementation through promotion and voluntary 3rd party certification • Food additives – a series of standards to ensure safe usage and uniform purity • Hygiene: A code of practices for maintaining hygienic conditions for processing units (IS:2491-1972. Formulation of standards 2.

i.• ISI Certification Marks Scheme: Under BIS Act 1986 a license is granted to manufacturer for using ISI Mark under laid down conditions • Quality System Certification Scheme: launched as per IS 14000 series identical to ISO 9000 series – 3rd party certification • Legal aspects of quality assurance: 46 products.e. infant foods and other milk products are required to be certified by BIS under PFA 1954 – mandatory . synthetic and natural food colours/mixtures.

Enforcement Marketing substandard products with ISI Marks Use of ISI Mark by nonlicensees Controlled by strict Monitoring Deterrent action as provided in BIS Act evoked .

1937 • Grade Standards prescribed for agricultural and allied commodities • Implemented thru Directorate of Marketing & Inspection • Voluntary and complying manufacturers allowed to use AGMARK on their products • 151 products covered including ghee. fat spreads.AGMARK Act. edible nuts. butter. • Penal provisions: • Unauthorized marking • Counterfeiting Grade designation Mark • Selling misgraded articles . essential oils etc. vegetable oil fats.

Formulation of AGMARK Standards Analyses of samples Information about existing standards Existing quality requirements studied Tentative standards evolved Publication in official gazette Suggestions/comments examined Specifications notified .

Miscellaneous Regulations • Industrial License: • No license required for a dairy project • A memo submitted to SIA • Registration under MMPO 1992 required • Foreign Investment: • Prior approval of SIA. MOI • Approvals discretionary – case to case basis under FERA • Foreign Technology Agreements: • Prior approval necessary • Foreign services can be hired .

1992 SWMA. 1976 AGMARK. 1937 PFA. 1954 CAC. ISO 9000 . 1955 MFPO. 1986 HACCP.1973 MMPO. 1964 EQC&I BIS.Food regulations at a glance Regulation MoF&CS MoFPI /CA FPO. 1955 Packed foods Raw/semiprocessed Consumer protection WTO SPS/TBT Preshipment MoA MoH&FW MoC MoCA ECA.

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2-15015/30/2010 Whereas in exercise of the powers conferred by section clause (e) of sub section (2) of section 92 read with 16 of Food Safety and Standards Act. 2011 F.MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) Notification New Delhi.— FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS (FOOD PRODUCTS STANDARDS AND FOOD ADDITIVES) REGULATIONS. 2011 . 4 dated 20th October 2010 inviting objections and suggestions from all persons likely to be affected thereby before the expiry of the period of thirty days from the date on which the copies of the Gazette containing the said notification were made available to the public. 2006 (34 of 2006) the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India proposes to make Food Safety and Standards Regulations in so far they relate to Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations. namely. the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India hereby makes the following Regulations. Whereas these draft Regulations were published in consolidated form at pages 1 to 776 in the Gazette of India Extraordinary Part III – Sec. dated the 1st August. Now therefore. 2011. And whereas the copies of the Gazette were made available to the public on the 21st October 2010. and.No. And whereas objections and suggestions received from the stakeholders within the specified period on the said draft Regulations have been considered and finalized by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.

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