This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
1/4 of the world’s languages are spoken in Africa. No other continent even approaches this human diversity. Humans have lived in Africa far longer than anywhere else.
five live in Africa whites blacks asians African pygmies khoisan not Australian aboriginees .Of the six major human groups.
• The Niger-Congo language family arose in West Africa HUMAN MIGRATION PATTERNS DEDUCED FROM LANGUAGE DISTRIBUTIONS • The Bantu branch of it arose at the east end of that range. in Cameroon and Nigeria • And then the Bantu migrated out from that homeland area to dominate most of subequatorial Africa .
Movements of people .
cattle.acquired iron by 1000 BCE began migrating 3000 BCE with wet climate crops. but no metal reached coast by 100 BCE Natal by 500 CE .
the Bantu had put together a militaryindustrial package that was unstoppable in subequatorial Africa at the time and dominated the region .With the addition of iron tools to their cattle and wet climate crops.
Pygmy and Khoisan The geographically dispersed modern settlements of African Pygmies and Khoisan speaking peoples suggest they once occupied a much larger geographic area in Africa before being invaded and pushed out by Bantu speaking Africans .
distribution of African Pygmies in 1971 .
.000 left. It is estimated there are about 250.1921 The Pygmies are a dark-skinned people who live in the dense equatorial rain forests of central Africa and average about 59 in. (150 cm) in height.
He is holding a spear. bows and arrows. Congo 1904 . He has with him two pygmies. with their hunting equipment. and spears.Major PowellCotton posing as hunter with his gun and shooting jacket on.
A few modern Khoisan speakers survived mainly because of their isolation in areas of southern Africa unsuitable for Bantu farming .
Nelson Mandela was a Khoisan Kalahari Desert The Khoisan language has click sounds .
Khoisan family in the Kalahari desert .
Khoisan children .
Khoisan cave paintings .
The expansion of Bantu farming stopped along the Fish River in southern Africa because their summer-rain dependent crops would not grow in the Mediterranean climate Fish River .
only surpassed by the Grand Canyon in Colorado. .The Fish River Canyon is the second largest in the world. It is approximately 180 kms long and stretches along the border between Namibia and South Africa.
Mediterranean crops require winter rains and seasonal variation in the day length for their germination. these crops were unable to spread south of the Sudan. beyond which they encountered summer rains and little or no seasonal variation in daylight. Thus. the west African summer rain crops would not grow in the Mediterranean climate south of the Great Fish River. . Similarly.
.Mediterranean crops require winter rains and seasonal variation in the day length for their germination. these crops were unable to spread south of the Sudan. Thus. beyond which they encountered summer rains and little or no seasonal variation in daylight.
when the Dutch settlers arrived in 1652 they were met with little resistance by the Khoisan hunter-gathering peoples The Bantu agriculturalist peoples with cattle and metallurgy had been stopped further north .Therefore.
When European settlers finally expanded to reach the Bantu it took nine wars and 175 years to finally subdue the dense population of steel equipped Bantu farmers .