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ACID,BASE & SALT

STUDENTS ARE ABLE TO
DEFINE ACID AND BASE IDENTIFY ACID & BASE USING INDICATORS DETERMINE THE ACIDITY OF HOUSEHOLD PRODUCT USING NATURAL INDICATORS

CHARACTERISTIC OF ACID
• CORROSIVE • THEY CAN REACT WITH METALS AND THEY PRODUCE HYDROGEN GAS • THEY HAVE SOUR TASTE • THEY CAN CHANGE THE COLOUR OF Blue litmus into RED LITMUS • ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION (THAT IS ABLE TO CONDUCT ELECTRIC CURRENT)

SOME KNOWN ACIDS  CITRIC ACID OBTAINED IN ORANGE  ACETIC ACID OBTAINED IN VINEGAR  HYDROCHLORIC ACID OBTAINED IN STOMACH  LACTIC ACID OBTAINED IN CHEESE  BENZOIC ACID OBTAINED IN FOOD PRESERVATIVES .

5 The identification of HCI.Figure 2. NaOH solutions using Litmus Paper Indicator Acid Solution Base Solution Neutral Solution Red Litmus Blue Litmus Red Red Blue Blue Red Blue .

Solution Color Solution Characteristics Lemon Juice Vinegar Solution Salt Solution Soap Solution Soda Solution Borax Solution Duct Cleaner .

Solution Red Litmus Blue Litmus Phenolphtalein Methyl Red Properties of Solution Vitamin C Porcelain Cleaner Stomach Acid Eye Drop Drinking Water .

CAUSTIC . usually base is in form of solid  ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION (THAT IS ABLE TO CONDUCT ELECTRIC CURRENT) .BITTER TASTE CHANGE THE COLOUR OF Red litmus into blue litmus Slippery In pure state.CHARACTERISTIC OF BASE .FEEL SMOOTH ON OUR HAND .

Remember ! Touch isn’t a Safe way to test a base properties .

2. 3.Some example for base 1. 4. Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 Soap Deodorant Duct cleaner .

Electrolyte characteristics of acid. it is an electric conductor.Base and salt If the acid. base or salt that is disolved in water produces ions. is called ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION . The solution that able to conduct electric current.

marble (CaCO3). and other material In the solution acid ionizes to give H+ ions Base generally doesn’t react with metal Base do not react with calcium acetate In the solutio base ionizes to give OH.ions .What differences base and acid Acid reacts with metal.

you often watch advertisement showing how effective an antacid neutralizes stomach acid. What composes the antacids ? They contain Base.Acid Reacts with Base On television. Because base can neutralize the acid .

This reaction gives salt base is called and water Example HCl + NaOH  NaCl + H2O Some known salts..look on your book (Pg.30) .Acid and base reaction Reaction of acid and neutralization reaction.

According to JOHN DALTON.Elements.He said “ATOM IS THE SMALLEST PARTICLE OF AN ELEMENT WHICH CAN’T DEVIDED ANYMORE” .. compounds and mixtures We have known that matter is composed by particles.

The Combination of two or moe atoms makes a unit is called MOLECULE MOLECULE is divided into two kinds 1. H2. O2 . Element molecules consist of one type atoms so the can’t separated into other particles ex.

2. Compound molecules consist of unkind atoms. so it is can be decomposed (diuraikan) into other matters Ex. Water H2O consists of 2 hydrogen atom and 1 oxigen atom .

H2SO4 4. NaCl2 3.EXAMPLE count how many consists below 1. 2CO2 6. C12H22O11 5. CO2 2. 2H2SO4 atoms . 3NaCL2 7.

The following list is provided as suggested materials that may be used:  Mixture—Solution: Sugar in Water (heating the water may be required to fully dissolve the sugar) Lemon Juice in Water .MIXTURE and Compound  Many different mixtures and compounds can be prepared.

Mixture—Suspension: Italian Salad Dressing (or other oil and vinegar salad dressing) Raisins and Cereal Sand and Rocks Carbonated Soda .

Mixture—Colloid: Shaving Cream Milk .

Compound: Baking soda and vinegar Water Salt Sugar .

Salts are ionic compounds composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge). in chemistry. . These component ions can be inorganic such as chloride (Cl−).A salt. as well as organic such as acetate (CH3COO−) and monoatomic ions such as fluoride (F−). is defined as the product formed from the neutralisation reaction of acids and bases. as well as polyatomic ions such as sulfate (SO42−).

such as germanium (Ge). Polonium (poland) .Name of element Usually the name of element are the name of country.

Ruler of writing elements symbols 1. If an element is symbolised by one letter. Carbon C. hydrogen  H 2. it must be capital letter . ex. If an element is symbolised by more than letters. Ex. The first letter must be capital letter followed by small letter. Zinc  Zn Copper Cu etc .

Element and their Symbols N Ni Na H Nitrogen Nickel Natrium / sodium Co Cobalt Carbon monodioxyde CO Hydrogen Helium Carbon Clorine He C Cl .

Compound You have learned that element is single matter. Are all single matters elements ? No ! Water and sugar are single mater But the aren’t element Because the can be broken down into simple matter .

hydrogen and oxygen C12H22O11  C + H + O .Water can be brokendown into hidrogen and oxygen H 2O  H 2 + O 2 2H2O  H2 + O2 Sugar can be brokendown into carbon.

What is compound A single matter consisting of more than one elements .

separating water into Hydrogen and oxygen 2.Separating Compound Compound is a single matter that can’t be brokendown by physical separation 1. Electrolysis ex. Cristalization (evaporation) based on boiling point salt from sea water .