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Welding Metallurgy

Eutectic Division Larsen & Toubro Limited Powai Mumbai

Contents
 Lattice Structures and Properties  To know About the Iron Carbon Equilibrium Diagrams  Time Transformation Diagrams  Heat Treatment Procedures  Reducing the ill effects of Welding  Carbon Equivalent and its effect  Basic Metals welding – Problems and Remedies

Lattice Structures .

Structures In an Iron Carbon Equilibrium Diagram  Ferrite  Pearlite  Austenite  Cementite  Martensite .

Ferrite  It has a BCC Structure  It is Magnetic  Ductile  Moderate Strength  Less Corrossion Resistant .

Ferrite Lattice Structure .

Pearlite  It is a Combination of Ferrite and Cementite and it is moving towards a Compound  Steaks of Ferrite and Cementite  Combines the Features of Ferrite and Cementite Ferrite Cementite .

.Austenite • • • • • • It has a FCC structure Good Strength Work hardening in nature Doesn’t exist at Room temperature Good Corrosion Resistance High temperature Properties.

Austenite Lattice Structure Face Centered Cubic .

Cementite • It is a Carbide of Iron • Hard • Brittle .

Fe.C Equilibrium Diagram .

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Effects of Cooling .

Time Temperature Transformation Diagrams .

.Effect of Alloying Elements • Increases Mechanical Properties – – – – Strength Corrosion Resistance High temperature Properties Hardenability • Forms Martensite Easily even on Controlled Cooling.

C. E = C% + Cr % + Mn% + Ni % + Mo% + V% + 5 6 15 3 1 2 More the Carbon Equivalent more the Problems in Welding .Carbon Equivalent • Converting the effect of Other alloying elements into Carbon effect.

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Weld Metal Interface Unmixed zone Composite Zone Partially mixed zone Base Metal Heat affected zone .

Base Metal Cracks in the HAZ .

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Reducing ill Effects of Welding • By Preheating • By Postheating • By heavy Peening • Usage of Ductile Electrode • Low Temperature Welding .

Heat Treatment Procedures .

Heat Treatment • Annealing • Normalising • Tempering .

Thank You .