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Yoel Jaimes

What are drugs?


A drug is any substance which, when its introduced into the body by any route of administration, may somehow alter the central nervous system of the individual who consumes them.
The time of arrival of the substance to the brain depends on several factors, including the Gateway or consumption, oral is slower but safer in terms of toxicology, nasally or inhalation is faster but with little difference efficiency compares with oral, intravenously is the most efficient and fast.

History
Before the first civilizations, there is evidence that man knew the effects of certain plants, such as opium, and used them. In all civilizations, from the Assyrian (Empire from 1813 to 609 b.C.) to the current century, mankind has consumed all drugs for different reasons, religiuous, ritual, medicinal, habits and custums, distraction, etc..

Types of drugs
There are many types of drugs Sedative-hipnotic: First function is induction to sleep, by type can cause: insomnia, anxiety, confucion, poor judgment and death. Hallucinogenic: Changes in perception, consciousness, emotion. Anti psychotic: Produce relief in symptoms of psychosis (hallucinations or delusions, exhibit personality changes and disorganized thinking). Antidepressant: Produce relief in symptoms of depression, dysthymia and anxiety. Analgesics: Reduce or inhibit pain. Euphoric: Effects may include relaxation, stress, happiness or pleasure. Anorexic: Abolish or reduce the appetite.

"In Health" magazine asked a panel of experts to rank commonly used drugs by their potential for addiction. Two factors were used: how easily people become addicted, and how difficult it can be for people to quit. A score of 100 represents a high potential for addiction, 1 a low potential. Because each individual reacts differently based on psychology, physiology, and social pressures

Nicotine (adiction potential 100/100)


Damage to health: 1.3 of 3. Smoked Complications: Cancer, lung disease, blindness, accelerated aging, etc.
Number one on our list is nicotine, delivered to the body in the form of smoking. Nicotine is the primary reason that tobacco is addictive, Most smokers develop the habit in their teen years, an age where many of us rebel and are more likely to try new and sometimes dangerous things. By the time these smokers reach their 20's, they are hopelessly addicted and well on the way to a lifelong habit. Those who attempt to quit can suffer from withdrawal symptoms such as headaches, irritability, trouble sleeping, tension, difficulty in concentrating, and increased appetite. It is said nicotine is one of the most difficult drugs to quit.

Methamphetamine (98.53/100)
Damage to health: 1.55 of 3. Inyected and smoked Effetcs (6-8 hours): Produces euphoria, relieves fatigue and inproves performance on simple tasks. Complications: highly addictive, violent behavior, phychosis (hallucinatios, delirium, insomnia), attention deficit disorder, lack of hunger

Crack (97.66/100)
Damage to health: 2 of 3. Smoked Effects (5-10 minuts): euphoria, enormously pleasurable disinhibition, vigor and decreased fatigue, self-esteem and hyperactivity. Complications: Subsequently appears depressive fatigue and confusion. Paranoia, hallucinations, progressive memory loss, liver damage and brain hemorrhages, desire-need of the drug.

Alcohol (81.85/100)
Damage to health: 2.1 of 3. Drinked 1- Phase of euphoria and excitement. BAC: 0.5 g/L. Talkativeness, euphoria, disinhibition, impulsive behavior. 2- Phase hypnotic of confusion. BAC: 2g/L. Irritability, agitation, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. 3- Phase anesthetic. BAC: 3g/L. Incoherent speech. Marked decrease in the level of consciusness, incontinence, shortness of breath. 4- Phase bulbar or death. BAC: 5g/L. Inhibition of the respiratory center and death. Complications: Decreased alertness, delayed reflexes, loss of muscle coordination, tremors and hallucinations, decreases self control, affects memory.

Heroin (81.80/100)
Damage to health: 2.65 of 3. nasally inhaled, smoked, inyected. Effects: Decreased pupil size, sense of peace, euphoria, pleasant or terrifying hallucinations, decreased level of consciousness, warmth, sleepiness. Complications: Overdose, psychosis, status epilepticus, aids and hepatitis.

Cannabis sativa (21.16/100)


Damage to health: 1.5 of 3. Smoked Effetcs: Senses increased, wellness, laughter, peace. Complications: Disorentation, lung disease, etc..