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Homework pg 454 #5-19 all

Graphs

• What are graphs?

– A visual representation of data

**• How are graphs important?
**

– Graphs can help see patterns and identify important information.

• Parts of a graph

• • • • Title x axis (horizontal/ bottom) y axis (vertical/ side) Labels/form of measurement

**Estimating/Predicting Using Graphs – pg 438
**

• How to read a graph

– Identify your axis to tell you what information you are looking at. Type of measurement, units? – To predict you have to extend the information line/data line and estimate.

Let’s practice:

What can you tell me about this graph? What would be the cost of 100 kWh?

How to graph

• • • • Decide what information you are graphing. Label graph Make sure all information are in the same units. Plot your points.

X Y First Right/Left Second Up/Down

Horizontal/R ow

Vertical/Colu mn

Let’s graph

Age (yr) 5 7 9 11 Height (cm) 90 95 102 110

Patterns

• • • • • • What’s a pattern? How can we use patterns to help us? Sequence – a set of number that follow a pattern. Term – Each number in a sequence. Arithmetic – a sequence where you add/subtract Geometric – a sequence where you multiply/divide • Conjuncture – a guess of what is happening

Fibonacci Sequence

• 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, • Do you see a pattern? • Is it geometric or arithmetic? • What is the 10th and 12th term?

**Tables and patterns
**

Position Rule Outcome/Value 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4

**Can tables look different but have the same information?
**

Position What’s happening Outcome

**Writing Expressions/Rules - pg 447
**

Position Rule -3n + 5 1 -3(1) + 5 2 -3(2) + 5 -1 3 -3(3) + 5 -4 4 -3(4) + 5 -7

Outcome/Value 2

Position – is the term in the sequence or what x is. Rule – is the expression where you plug x into. It is what is happening to get y. Outcome - is y, the value or your answer.

**Finding Terms – create a table to find the first four terms
**

6n + 1 -n/4

**Let’s describe the patterns, write an expression and find the next term.
**

-2, 4, -8, 16

Quick Check

Use the relationship y = ½ x Make a table that shows the values of y for x = -2, -4, 2 and 4

Using the graph (pg 439) to the below right estimate your answer for the following: 1. The cost of 85 kilowatt-hours of electricity? 2.$6.50 will pay for how many kWh? Are the following arithmetic, geometric, both or neither? 3. -2, -2, -2, … 4. 300, 60, 12, 2.4, …. 5. 84, 63, 42, 21, … Find the first four terms in the sequence. 6. n + 3 7. 4n – 2 8. n2 – 3 Write an expression for 9. 11, 22, 33, 44

Exit Ticket for 11/14

**Function pg 452 – The function machine
**

Function – assign one output for each input. X to Y Input = output

– Input is x – Output is what you get for y after you “plug in” x into the function rule.

**Writing Function Rules
**

Create a table if helpful (I always do!) Y = mx + b (when writing function rules/expressions) M change in y/change in x B the output when input is 0

If x does not = 0 you might to have to continue the pattern backwards until x does = 0

X input 0 1 2 3 Y output 1 -8 -17 -26 What is happening from y to y (m)

Solve

Find y (output) when the input (x) = -2, -1, 0, 1, 2 HINT: make a table

y = x/2

y = 3x2 + 1

**Writing Rules for the following
**

The number n of words you type and the time t it takes, if you type at a rate of 32 words/min.

X 0 1 2 3 Y 4 5 6 7

Quiz Friday

• Over pg 454 and exit ticket

**Answer key to Exit Ticket 11/14
**

• Switch paper with someone at your group. • Mark if they got it wrong. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. $7 About 81 Both Geometric Arithmetic 4, 5, 6, 7 2, 6, 10, 14 -2, 1, 6, 13 11n

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