ECOLOGY

Anson Ferdiant Diem PhD. Candidate Of Environmental Department

Definition of Ecology
Aside from pure scientific inquiry, ecology is considered a highly applied science. It is also suitable for philosophical ideologies like social ecology and deep ecolog or green ecology, which is sometimes synonymous to environmentalism. The focal point on the interrelations concerning organisms and their particular surrounding makes ecology a multidisciplinary science that represents on many other branches.

Ecosystems Ecology
Ecosystems ecology as an integrated study of the biotic and abiotic components and their interactions within the framework of the ecosystem. This is a science that examines how ecosystems function and their relationships with their components such as animals, plants, bedrock, chemicals, and soil.

Population Ecology
Population ecology, originally called autecology, is the study of how populations interact and change within a certain environment. Using this science, experts can offer advanced theories as to the growth or mortality rate of different species. The knowledge gained from population ecology is extremely useful to conservation efforts as it can give a general picture of the survival ability of populations.

Ecological Engineering
Ecological engineering is an emerging study of integrating ecology and engineering, concerned with the design, monitoring and construction of ecosystems. According to Mitsch (1996) “the design of sustainable ecosystems intends to integrate human society with its natural environment for the benefit of both”.

Ecological Engineering Goals
• The restoration of ecosystems that have been substantially disturbed by human activities. • The development of new sustainable ecosystems that have both human and ecological values.

Five Concept Key
1. It is based on the self-designing capacity of ecosystems, 2. It can be a field test of ecological theory, 3. It relies on integrated system approaches, 4. It conserves non-renewable energy, and 5. It supports biological conservation.

Defined of Ecological Engineering
• Utilizing ecological science and theory, • Applying to all types of ecosystems, • Adapting engineering design methods, and • Acknowledging a guiding value systems.

Engineering Design Process
Develop Solution Determine assumptions /margins of safety to overcome unknowns Compile required equations/criteria

List unknown quantities

Define known quantities

Identify problem

Engineer’s Design Process
1.
• •

Identify problem / make clear problem statement
What is society’s need that engineer can solve? What is the simplest statement of problem?

2.
• • •

Define known aspects or quantities
Data and information gathering What knowledge do we have that may help us solve the problem? Have we solved the same problem before under similar circumstances?

3.
• • •

List unknown aspects or quantities
What data is not available? What issues, physical processes do we not understand/can we not understand? What key quantities must we calculate?

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