Bal Keshav Thackeray is known as a fiery right wing leader of Maharashtra.

A cartoonist by profession, Thackeray formed ‘Shiv Sena’ that espoused the cause of Maratha interest and Marathi language. After a long struggle, Thackeray’s Shiv Sena, in alliance with BJP, succeeded in snatching power from Congress in 1995. The Shiv Sena-BJP government ruled Maharashtra from 1995-99. Bal Thackeray is one of those controversial politicians of India who is blamed for fanning communal and regional chauvinism in Maharashtra. But he is a force to reckon with in Maharashtra politics. In his early days, Bal Thackeray targeted Gujaratis, Marwaris, and southern Indians in Mumbai for grabbing jobs and depriving native Mumbaikars of their livelihood. After that he championed the cause of aggressive Hindutva and targeted Muslims for their alleged antiHindu mindset. Recently, his party targeted North Indians, especially those belonging to UP and Bihar, for infiltrating Mumbai and snatching jobs from the natives. Bal thackeray’s nephew Raj Thackeray used to be his lieutenant not very long ago but he parted ways with Bal Thackeray when the senior Thackeray decided to anoint his son Uddhav as the second-incommand of Shiv Sena. Today, Raj is heading his own party – Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS). Thackeray family has played an important in Maharashtra Politics right from the days of separate statehood movement.

The story of Thackerays began with the arrival of Keshav Sitaram Thackeray to Bombay. Keshav Sitaram Thackeray was also known as Prabodhankar Thackeray because of his articles in his fortnightly magazine named Prabodhan.

Keshav Thackeray was born in a lower-middle class Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu family .Keshav Thackeray had two sons – Bal Thackeray and Shrikant Thackeray

Keshav was a social activist and a prolific writer. The British tolerated him because of his progressive ideas about the empowerment of women and his strident opposition to the caste system.

Referred to as the first family of Maharashtra politics, the Thackerays played a vital role in the Samyukta Maharashtra movement. Leading from the front was Keshav Thackeray, one of the five prominent leaders of the movement.

His sons Bal and Shrikant participated by contributing articles and cartoons to local publications.A prolific writer, Keshav penned plays, biographies and booklets to create awareness about the Maharashtra movement. He became actively involved with the movement in 1951. Supporting the demand to include Dang district in Maharashtra instead of Gujarat, he appealed for Dang Day to be observed on June 3, 1951.

Keshav used his diplomatic and persuasive skills in bringing together leaders of all political parties in the best interest of Maharashtra movement. Keshav brought all these leaders under one umbrella - Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti.
It was launched in 1955 to pursue the demand for the formation of Maharashtra, with Mumbai and Belgaum as parts of it. Keshav led from the front and was even arrested during this movement. Bal Thackeray, at the time, worked as a cartoonist in the ‘Free Press Journal’. He also contributed to Marathi publications, including Navyug, under the pseudonym Mavla. Bal Thackeray supported the demands made by the samiti and attacked the Congress through his cartoons.

Then chief minister Morarji Desai, Bombay Congress chief SK Patil and senior leader Yashwantrao Chavan were his pet targets. His focus shifted to Desai after 15 people were killed in the police firing on November 21, 1955, during a morcha at the Flora Fountain (now Hutatma Chowk). Balasaheb sketched Desai as a Nar Bhakshak (maneater) in his cartoon. The cartoon showed Desai sitting on a pile of human bodies, saying, “I am a pure vegetarian.” He also mocked Chavan’s statement that Nehru was bigger than Maharashtra.

Balasaheb’s younger brother Shrikant, too, drew cartoons for Navyug during the movement. Like his brother, Shrikant also targeted the Congress, especially Nehru and Desai.

Bal Thackeray lost his wife Meena to a heart attack in September 1996. His eldest son Bindumadhav died in a road accident on 20 April 1996.

His other son,Jaidev, had parted ways with Thackeray in 1995 over ideological differences when the Shiv Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party alliance was in power. He has kept himself away from politics all these years. Jaidev divorced his wife Smitha Thackeray who is a renowned personality in Maharashtra and owns a TV production house

Uddhav Thackeray, Bal Thackeray’s youngest son, is the executive president of Shiv Sena and is slated to succeed Bal Thackeray as and when he calls it a day

Saamana is a marathi language newspaper owned by the Shiv Sena, a political party in Maharashtra, India. The Chief editor is Bal Thackeray and the Executive editor is Sanjay Raut

Shiv Sena (Marathi: Śiv Senā, meaning Shiva's Army, also SS), is a political organisation in India founded on 19 June 1966 by political cartoonist Bal Thackeray. The party originally emerged out of a movement in Mumbai demanding preferential treatment for Maharashtrians over migrants to the city. The party operates as a network of street gangs and has a powerful hold over the Bollywood film industry.[5] It is currently headed by Thackeray's son, Uddhav Thackeray.

Although the party's primary base is still in Maharashtra, it has tried to expand to a pan-Indian base. Gradually the party moved from solely advocating a pro-Marathi ideology, to one supporting a broader Hindu nationalist agenda[citation needed] as it aligned itself with the Bharatiya Janata Party. The party has taken part in numerous Maharashtra state governments at several times and was a coalition partner in the National Democratic Alliance cabinet that ruled India between 1998-2004. Members of Shiv Sena are referred to as Shiv Sainiks.

The 'King of Pop', Michael Jackson had a tryst with this celluloid city 13 years ago, when he mesmerised thousands of Mumbaikars with his performance at a concert. In this photo Jackson is seen with Shiv Sena Supremo Bal Thackeray.

Jackson performed at a packed concert in Mumbai in 1996. The event was organised by Shiv Udyog Sena, an outfit floated by then Shiv Sena leader Raj Thackeray with the objective of providing jobs to 27 lakh youth in Maharashtra.

Uddhav Thackeray (born 27 July 1960) is the executive president of the Shiv Sena, a right-wing, Marathi ethnocentric regional political party based in the Indian state of Maharashtra. He was given this role in 2004, taking over from his father and party founder, Hindu nationalist politician Balasaheb Thackeray. Earlier, Uddhav was looking after Saamana (a daily Marathi newspaper) while being actively involved in election campaigning activities. The party won the Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation election in 2002 and, thereafter, he was appointed as the party working president in 2003. Differences between Thackeray and former Shiv Sena leader Narayan Rane culminated in the expulsion of Rane from the Shiv Sena. Another split in the Sena came when Thackeray and his cousin Raj Thackeray had a fallingout, leading to Raj leaving the Shiv Sena in 2006 to form his own party, the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena.

Aaditya Thackeray (Born: June 13, 1990) is the son of Uddhav Thackeray , Executive President of Shiv Sena, and grandson of Balasaheb Thackeray.[1] He is currently head of Yuva Sena , a youth wing of Shiv Sena.

Aaditya established the Yuva Sena on 17th October, 2010 and it has units across Maharashtra,Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir.
His first book of poems, My Thoughts in White and Black, was published in 2007. The following year, he turned lyricist and released a private album Ummeed, for which he wrote all the eight songs.

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