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 hidden in the earth  kingdom of the dead  ruled by the Olympian Hades and his Queen. Persephone  also called “Hades” .

the good rewarded  geographic details: the five rivers . a place of shadows  nothing there was completely real  existence of spirits was a bad dream Virgil’s View  a place where the wicked were punished.

physical barriers between the underworld and the mortal realm  Acheron – river of lamentation  Cocytus – river of woe  Lethe – river of forgetfulness  Phlegethon – river of fire  Styx – river of unbreakable oath .The Five Rivers .

Erebus – where the dead pass as a soon as they die Tartarus – deeper.a place for the wicked where they were punished . also the entire lower region .those who offended the gods were condemned of everlasting torture .

and those who had helped others. priests. a dwelling place of mortals made immortal through the favor of the gods  a wonderful place where everything is delightful . closest to what most people consider “heaven” to be like  where the good and great lived after their deaths. men such as heroes. poets.

 ruler of the Underworld  King of the Dead – not Death himself  also called Pluto.  of the precious metals hidden in the earth  had a far-famed helmet of invisibility  rarely visit Olympus or the earth. the God of wealth. not a welcomed visitor .  nor was urged to do so.Hades  third brother among the Olympians.

Queen of the Underworld  carried off by Hades to the Underworld by force  helped the judges and Hades in cases when the sides were balanced  could influence change in Hades’ final decisions  would argue for a more merciful ruling . daughter of Zeus and Demeter  wife of Hades.

 aged ferryman who brings all dead souls to the land the dead  waited at his boat at the edge of the river Styx  had to be paid for his services with the toll or the coin .

 the three-headed dragon-tailed     dog who guards the gate to Tartarus thought to be born to Echidne. a half-woman. and Typhon. half-serpent. but none to leave he had the task of eating any mortals who attempted to enter and any spirits who attempted to escape vicious but can be tricked . the most fierce of all creatures allowed spirits to enter.

the sons of Zeus and Europa  Aeacus. son of Zeus and Aegina  When the three died. because of their great wisdom and worthy lives they were assigned to judge the newly dead as they entered . sat in judgment on those who entered the Underworld  Rhadamanthus and Minos were brothers.

Tisiphone. which were Alecto. Sprang from the blood of father Heaven (Ouranos) when wounded by his son. and Magaera . the Titan Cronos  punishers of evildoers  Represented by three.

but later on. personification of sleep . a beautiful young man  Hypnos. were twin brothers  Thanatos was a personification of death itself  once shown as a fierce personage.

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Dionysus is God of Wine . but not a divinity. identified with the actual earth and never personified Two Great Gods of Earth  Demeter (Ceres) and Dionysus (Bacchus) were the supreme deities of the earth  Demeter is Goddess of Corn. called All-Mother.

gay companion of the woodland nymphs  always rejected because he is ugly  basis for the word “panic”.Pan  son of Hermes and Penelope  god of flocks and sheperds  mostly human in appearance but. as he created the noises in the woods at night that scared travelers . with goat horns and goat feet  an excellent musician.

 referred to as Pan’s son. later became the Wine-god’s follower Castor and Pollux  twin brothers. at times. his brother  a merry fat old man who rode on an ass since he was too drunk to walk  teacher of the young Dionysus. “sons of Zeus”  patrons of horses  part of the constellation Gemini . sons of Leda. protector of sailors  Dioscouri.

always ready for physical pleasure  elder satyrs were called Sileni  art: represented in Drama often shown in vases . half-man and half-goat nature entities that roamed wild places and companions of Pan and Dionysus  lovers of wine.

The Dryads and Oreads  were the beautiful nymphs of trees and mountains  a nymph’s life was bound up with that of her tree Aeolus and the Four Winds  son of Poseidon. Eurus the East Wind . god of the winds  kept winds in vast caves in the island of Aeolia. his home  Four winds: Boreas (Aquilo) the North Wind. Zephyr (Favonius) the West Wind. Notus (Auster) the South Wind.

Sthenno ("forceful"). part horse. and Medusa ("ruler"). savage creatures  one of them. followers of Dionysus  well-known for drunkenness. part human. Chiron was set apart for his goodness and wisdom Gorgons  monstrous feminine creatures whose look would turn men to stone  there were three:Euryale ("farroaming"). the only one of them who was mortal .

and blind sisters  have one collective eye  guarded the realm of the Gorgons Sirens  with a head of a female and the body of a bird  lived on an island. three old. gray. Sirenum scopuli  their enchanting voices lured mariners to their destruction .

. the Disposer of Lots Atropos. who at death with her shears cuts the thread of life. the Spinner. who spins the thread of life Lachesis. she who cannot be turned. were old and predate the gods  have the awesome power of deciding a man’s destiny  there are three:Clotho.