Teacher Euzzane 

Prepared by: Miss Euzzane O. Mabansag


 ·to prevent the condition becoming worse.FIRST AID is the assistance given to a person who has suffered as a result of an accident or illness  ·to preserve life.  ·to promote recovery .

look and listen and ascertain what has happened. 4) If you are worried about the condition.REMINDERS WHEN GIVING FIRST AID 1) Remain calm and do not put yourself in danger. 3) Administer the necessary first aid to the best of your ability. consult a doctor or hospital for medical advice. . stop. 2) Assess the situation.


.Press on the cut for up to 10 minutes to stop the bleeding using a sterile. wet gauze or a clean cloth.FOR MINOR CUTS AND SCRAPES 1. Dress it with gauze and first-aid tape. Change this every 24 hours. 3.Keep a scrape clean and dry. 2.Clean in and around the wound thoroughly with soap and water.

FOR PUNCTURES THAT CAUSE MINOR BLEEDING 1.Remove the object using clean tweezers. .Hold a lit match or flame to the ends of the tweezers to sterilize them.Clean the wound area with soapy water. Let them cool and wipe the ends with sterile gauze. 3. 2.

Take it off for 30 to 60 minutes. Apply pressure to the cold pack. Repeat several times for 2 days.Do not bandage a bruise. 2.FOR BRUISES 1. . if practical. Try to avoid hitting the bruised area again. Keep the cold pack on for 10 minutes at a time. Apply a cold pack to the bruised area as soon as possible. use warm compresses for 20 minutes at a time. Rest the bruised area and raise it above the level of the heart. 4. 3. Two days after the injury.


Apply PRESSURE AT A PRESSURE POINT. Apply DIRECT PRESSURE on the wound. ELEVATE the wound above the level of the heart. 2.BLEEDING 1. 3. .

The final step to control bleeding is to apply a PRESSURE BANDAGE over the wound .4.

 Elevate .SPRAINS  Rest the sprained or strained area.  Ice for 20 minutes every hour.  Compress by wrapping an elastic (Ace) bandage or sleeve lightly (not tightly) around the joint or limb. the area above heart level.


a heat stroke.HEAT STROKE  Heat exhaustion is a warning that the body is getting too hot. They will stop working if they get hot enough. body organs start to overheat.  With .

Hot. No sweating. Then shallow breathing and weak pulse.Loss of consciousness  .FOR A HEAT STROKE  These signs and symptoms can occur suddenly with little warning: Very high temperature (104ºF or higher).  Deep breathing and fast pulse. Hallucinations.  Confusion. dry. red skin.Convulsions.

 Thirst.  Dry mouth.  Sweating.Headache.Muscle cramps.Nausea.Fatigue.  Cool. low. pale skin.  .FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION Normal.  Weakness.Weak or rapid pulse. clammy. Feeling dizzy. or only slightly elevated body temperature. Vomiting can occur.

Being in places without fans or air conditioners during hot. humid weather. humid weather. Heart.  Poor circulation.  Waiting for a bus or other type of public transportation in hot.  .CAUSES Extreme heat and humidity. and/or kidney disease.  Overdressing.Not being able to get to public airconditioned places.  Changes in the skin due to aging. lung.

Place the feet higher than the head to avoid shock. . 2. 3.Remove clothing.Move the person to a cool place indoors or under a shady tree.FIRST AID FOR HEAT STROKE 1.

6.Fan the person. or spray the person with cool water. under the armpits. Either wrap the person in a cold. wet sheet.4. and on the groin area. sponge the person with towels or sheets that are soaked in cold water. 5. . Put ice packs or cold compresses on the neck.

2.m. 3.PREVENTION 1.Do not do vigorous activity during the hottest part of the day (11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.Drink lots of liquids. . Caution when you are in the sun.). .

Wear light. loose-fitting clothing. 5. such as cotton.Wear a wide-brimmed hat with vents.4. so sweat can evaporate. Use an umbrella for shade .

secures the dressing in place .BANDAGING  DRESSING .a piece of material that covers a wound to protect it from infection or stop bleeding BANDAGE .

Applying pressure to bleeding wounds 2. BANDAGE 1.Provide support and immobilization .Cover wounds 3.


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