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Oxygen

Administration

Oxygen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is essential for the body to function properly and to survive The air that we breathe in contains approximately 21% oxygen, and the heart relies on oxygen to pump blood

Introduction

If not enough oxygen is circulating in the blood, its difficult for the tissues of the heart to keep pumping
Supplemental oxygen is used to treat medical conditions in which the tissues of body do not have enough oxygen Oxygen is a gas, but when administered as a supplement to normal atmospheric air, may also be considered as a medication (or drug)
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NASAL CANNULA
low oxygen device This device delivers an unpredictable amount of oxygen ranging from 25-45 % at 1 - 6 L/min depending on how much the patient inhales through the mouth

Higher flow rates are uncomfortable for the patient


A high flow rate can quickly dry out the nasal mucosa and become rapidly uncomfortable

NASAL CANNULA Cont


low oxygen device
Delivers 25-45% FIO2 at 1-6 L/min flow 1. Flow 0 liters per minute: 21% (Room Air) 2. Flow 1 liters per minute: 25% 3. Flow 2 liters per minute: 29% 4. Flow 3 liters per minute: 33% 5. Flow 4 liters per minute: 37% 6. Flow 5 liters per minute: 41% 7. Flow 6 liters per minute: 45%

SIMPLE FACEMASK
low oxygen device
It seals poorly and its large ventilation holes allow the oxygen flow to be diluted with air The simple facemask at an oxygen flow of 6 L/min delivers approximately 35-40 % oxygen

Increasing the flow to 10 L/min may increase oxygen concentration to about 50 %


If the flow rate is less than 6 L/min (as cylinder nears empty), the patient may re-breathe much of his own exhalation and thus, the concentration of oxygen delivered will be low, possibly severely hypoxic
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Partial Rebreathing Mask with reservoir Moderate oxygen device Delivers 35-60% Oxygen at 6-10 L/min flow rate
First third of exhaled gases mix with reservoir Exhaled gases from upper airway are oxygen rich
Reservoir

Non-Rebreathing Mask with reservoir


High oxygen device

Delivers 95% Oxygen at 10-12 L/min Two valves added to Rebreathing mask prevents:
Entrainment of room air during inspiration Retention of exhaled gases during expiration

Valves
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Oxygen Hood
High oxygen device Clear plastic shell encompasses the baby's head Well tolerated by infants Size of hood limits use to younger than age 1 year Allows easy access to chest, trunk, and extremities Allows control of Oxygen Delivery: o Oxygen concentration o Inspired oxygen temperature and humidity Delivers 80-90% oxygen at 10-15 liter per minute

References
www.nda.ox.ac.uk

www.lifeprotectors.com

www.medcatalog.com
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