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SCIENCE UPSR PAPER

NUMBER OF QUESTION TOTAL MARKS


PERCENTAGE

SECTION

TYPE OF QUESTION

(%)

Objective : 1. Multiple choice questions 2. Multiple combination questions Subjective :

30

30

60 %

4-5

20

40 %

TOTAL

50

100

SCIENCE PAPER FORMAT


Objective Questions

30 Questions

SECTION A
60 % Facts 45 minutes

SCIENCE PAPER FORMAT


SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

4 -5 Questions

SECTION B
40 %

SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS

30 MINUTES

SCIENCE LEARNING STRATEGY


budakmancai

STRATEGI BELAJAR SAINS

3 FASA PEMBELAJARAN SAINS


1
SEBELUM Bersedia lebih awal tentang tajuk yang akan dipelajari

3
SELEPAS
* Penilaian * Pengukuhan * Renungan kendiri

SEMASA

* Beri tumpuan
* Mencatat nota * Bersoal jawab

Susun jadual belajar dan amalkan Kenal pasti tajuktajuk penting


Buat latihan sebanyak mungkin (buku soalan DIDIK) Pastikan jawapan yang betul mengikut skema pemarkahan A A A 5A AA

Beri tumpuan dan buat latihan

Hadiri kelas tuisyen, klinik DIDIK, kelas tambahan

Teknik Mencatat Nota Semasa Mengulang Kaji Mata Pelajaran Sains


Sediakan alat tulis lengkap

Tulis tajuk nota


Baca petikan Kenal pasti kata kunci Kenal pasti isi penting dan konsep Catatkan isi dengan lengkap Gunakan simbol / warna untuk menandakan isi penting Susun semula kata kunci dengan keterangan mengikut bentuk nota

URUTAN MENGEKSPERIMEN Pemerhatian Inferens Hipotesis Kawal Pemboleh

Laksanakan eksperimen
Kumpul maklumat Tafsir maklumat Merumus / kesimpulan sama ada hipotesis betul atau salah

TECHNIQUES OF MAKING NOTES DURING SCIENCE REVISON

Names of Planets
My Viva Engine Mercury Venus Earth The nearest The hottest Unta Ultraman Zaman Ziarah

Made in Mars Japan So Use Jupiter Saturn Uranus

Has living things Batu Bumi cause has air, water & Mati suitable temperature Musnahkan Makan The biggest Makhluk Has bright ring Zip Zalim Ustaz Untuk

Nature
Power

Neptune
Pluto The coldest / farthest / smallest

Naik Naik
Pening Pangkat

JUPITER

PLUTO

SATURN

NEPTUNE

URANUS

VENUS

EARTH

THE SUN

MERCURY

MARS

EXAMPLES CCTS QUESTIONS SECTION A

CLASSIFICATION (Creative Thinking Skills) The diagram below shows four seeds

Which of the following about the dispersal of these seeds is true?


By wind By explosive mechanism By animals

A B C D

Q and R S Q Q

P R P P and S

S P and Q P and R R

Remind Living Things (Year 5)

CLASSIFICATION (Creative Thinking Skills) The diagram below shows four seeds
By animal durian paddy lady's finger By wind shorea

Which of the following about the dispersal of these seeds is true?


By wind By explosive mechanism By animals

A B C D

Q and R S Q Q

P R P P and S

S P and Q P and R R

MAKE SEQUENCES (Critical Thinking Skills)


The diagram below shows the stages in the life cycle of a butterfly

Which is the correct sequence?

PTQRS

B
C D

PSRTQ
SQTRP SRQTP

Remind Living Thing

(Year 4 Life Process)

MAKE SEQUENCES (Critical Thinking Skills)


The diagram below shows the stages in the life cycle of a butterfly

1
eggs

3
pupa

second butterfly caterpillar pupa

Which is the correct sequence?

PTQRS

Life cycle

B
C D

PSRTQ
SQTRP SRQTP

Start until the end


Start from P or S ????

CATERPILLAR
BUTTERFLY LIFE CYCLE

Prediction

(Critical Thinking Skills)


Time / minutes Temperature / C 0 27
+15

5 42
+15

10 57
+15

15 72
+15

20 87

25 ?

+15

The table above shows the temperature against time of heating of water. What would the temperature be at 25 minutes? A B 92 C 97 C
87 +15 102

C
D

100 C
102 C

Remember !!! The boiling point of water is 100 C

Remind Materials (year 5 Change State of matter)

Menyiasat dunia teknologi tahun 5


Kestabilan dan Kekuatan

Ingat Fakta :
Sesuatu binaan / objek akan lebih stabil jika luas tapak lebar, dan rendah

4 4

7 4

5 4

9 4

Kehendak soalan : urutan semakin stabil.. Maka P R Q S Betul / salah

Jawapan betul ialah S Q R P

OBSERVING THE CHANGES STATE OF WATER

BIDANG / TOPIK PENTING DALAM SAINS UPSR

PLANETS

MATAHARI ?
MATAHARI

SATURN

PLUTO

JUPITER

NEPTUNE

URANUS VENUS

EARTH

THE SUN

MERCURY

MARS

NEIL ARMSTRONG LANDING ON THE MOON

20 JULY 1969

MAKHLUK ASING MENYANYI

THE UNIVERSE
GALAXY

BIMA SAKTI
SOLAR SYATEM

THE EARTH

CONSTITUENTS OF THE SOLAR SYATEM METEOR ASTEROIDS METEOROID

HALLEYS COMET

STARS

BIG DIPPER IS THE PART OF URSA MAJOR

NORTH UTARA

BIG DIPPER

BURUJ URSA MAJOR

NORTH

ORION CONSTELATION

KEJADIAN GERHANA BULAN

9 NOVEMBER 2003

ANGKASAWAN MALAYSIA ?

KAPAL TERBANG PERTAMA OLEH ADIKBERADIK WRIGHT (1902)

ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL - 1876

PADAH BERMAIN DI REL KERETAPI

BERMAIN BAYANG-BAYANG

KERAK BUMI

MANTEL

TERAS DALAM TERAS LUAR

KEJADIAN GEMPA BUMI

TSUNAMI 26 DISEMBER 2004

KEJADIAN TSUNAMI

KEJADIAN TSUNAMI

IKAN-IKAN GANJIL SELEPAS TSUNAMI

BAGAIMANA KALAU METEOR JATUH KE BUMI ?

GUNUNG BERAPI

PELBAGAI GUNUNG BERAPI

PANCUTAN AIR PANAS (GEISER)

PANCUTAN AIR PANAS (GEISER)

KEJADIAN RIBUT DI SABAH

TAUFAN

AKSI SI IKAN PAUS

EXAMPLES CCTS QUESTIONS SECTION B

SECTION B Making Conclusion (Critical Thinking Skills)


Water temperature / C
increasing

30 45

45 30

60 75 90 22 15 7

Time taken for salt to dissolve in decreasing water / minutes

The table above shows the result obtained from an experiment carried out by Danny on water temperature and the time taken for salt to dissolve in water. State one conclusion from this experiment. Different water temperature, different time taken for salt to dissolve in water The higher temperature, the slower the time taken for salt to dissolve in water More increase water temperature, more increase the time take for salt to dissolve in water

SECTION B Making Conclusion (Critical Thinking Skills)


Water temperature / C
increasing

30 45

45 30

60 75 90 22 15 7

Time taken for salt to dissolve in decreasing water / minutes

The table above shows the result obtained from an experiment carried out by Danny on water temperature and the time taken for salt to dissolve in water. State one conclusion from this experiment. The more water temperature, the less time taken for salt to dissolve in water The higher temperature, the faster the time taken for salt to dissolve in water More increase water temperature, more decrease the time take for salt to dissolve in water

SECTION B : Making Inference

( Creative Thinking Skills)


Remaining number of animal X 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Months

The diagram above shows a graph of the remaining number of animal X over five months.

State one inference about the number of animal X from January to may based on the information in the diagram
Remaining number of animal X decreasing because Because human activities Because hunting activities

Because forest logging Because over exploitations Because does not have law enforcement Because pollution activities

The cause is very general statement

State one inference about the number of animal X from January to may based on the information in the diagram
Remaining number of animal X decreasing because

Because over forest exploitations Because does not have forest // hunting // The cause logging law enforcement must be Because water // air // pollution activities more Because not getting enough // limited food specific statements Because their predator increase

NOW ALL Because illegal hunting activities CORRECT Because illegal forest logging LAH

ENVIRONMENTAL DESTRUCTION
BY HUMAN ACTIVITIES

Illegal means activities without license or permit from authorities

TABULATING (ANALISING) DATA (Creative Thinking Skills)

The table below shows information about the amount of food consumed by different animals

Animals

What is the relationship between the things you changed and measured?

Food needed per day (kg)

0.12

120

25

3.5

What is the relationship between the things you changed and measured?
To investigated the relationship between animal and their food needed per day To investigated the relationship between the type of animal and their food needed per day To investigated the relationship between the size of animal and their food needed per day

RIGHT OR

WRONG

What is the relationship between the things you changed and measured?

Making hypothesis

Relate between what are changed and what to measure Animal // The size of animal // the type of animal Food needed per day Amount food needed per day

What are changed


What to measure

If the size of the animal increases , the amount of food needed per day also increases

If the size of an animal increase,


the amount of food needed per day increase

The more increase the size of an animal ,


the more increase of food needed per day increase The more decrease the size of an animal , the more decrease of food needed per day increase

AN EAGLE VS RATTLESNAKE

TIGER VS CROCODILE

TIGER CATCH DEER

INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE SECTION B

SECTION B will test students in Science Process Skills (SPS), It consists of subjective questions of which 4 or 5 are main questions. Total marks for this section B are 20 /20 carries 40% of the total marks awarded

SPS (SECTION B) Inference Variables - changes - measured - kept the same Hypothesis Predicting Tabulating data -Trend of change // pattern - aim/ purpose - relationship - conclusion

INFERENCE

To ability to make a logical statement to explain the cause and effect of an observation. The criteria are :

To state a reasonable explanation of the observation To state other reasonable explanation of the observation To state additional observation to test the accuracy of the inference (explanation)

Inferencing
An early conclusion/ explanation from an observation why it happen - give reasons. a) observation + why b) observation + cause c) relates observation with cause Usually our previous knowledge and experience will influence the conclusion. * Observe the phenomenon/object before and after -using our senses. * Think why it happens using our mind.

State one inference about tadpole Q. Because has layer of oil Right // wrong Q is dead because has layer of oil Q is dead because has no air
Right // wrong
Correct answer that has a scientific knowledge and related to the investigation

INFERENCE
Diagram 1 shows an investigation carried out by Izhar. He plants two balsam plants P and Q in the same type of soil. Both plants is watered every day. Plant P is placed inside the black box while plant Q is placed under the sunlight

Table 1 shows the observation recorded by Izhar after 7 days

Table 1 shows the observation recorded by Izhar after 7 days

State one observation of plant P and Plant Q based on the result above. Plant P not get sunlight, plant Q get sunlight Plant P inside the black box, plant Q placed under the sunlight Plant P wilted

1 mark Plant P wilted while plant Q grow healthily 1 mark


Plant P wilted, plant Q grow healthily

Table 1 shows the observation recorded by Izhar after 7 days

Give one reason based on the observation of plant P and plant Q Because plant P did not get enough sunlight 0 mark Because plant Q get enough sunlight
0mark

Because plant P did not get enough sunlight and plant Q get enough sunlight 1 mark
Because plant P did not get enough sunlight to make their own food compared to plant Q 1 mark

In another fair test, a big hole is cut into the black box. After one day, the plant inside the black box bent towards the hole Explain the statement above Because plant response to sunlight The shoot of the plant will response to the sunlight

CONTROLLING VARIABLES and HYPHOTESIS

VARIABLES which things that are used during fair test (experiment) To identify variables (things to change, keep the same and to observe). The criteria are :

To state a variable needed in the investigation


To state the things to change

To state the things to observe


To state the things to keep to same

CHARACTER
Shape Temperature Height Time Weight Volume Thickness Colour The number Length Size

OBJECT

The rope

The ball

Box

The water

Variables about time can be made without character for example : Month, Week, Year and Time

Ball P

Ball Q

Ball R

30 g

45 g

60 g

What to change : The weight of the ball

Kept the same :

The size of the ball

Cylinder X

Cylinder Y

Cylinder Z

What to change : The height of the cylinder

Kept the same :

The base area of the cylinder

Cooking oil

Hair shampoo

Vinegar

What to change : The type of liquid

Kept the same :

The amount of the liquid // The size of beaker // The shape of container // The height of liquid

Rope 1

Rope 2

Rope 3

What to change : The thickness of the rope

Kept the same :

The length of the rope

What to change : The number of seeds


The type of seed // the size of container // the amount of soil // the type of soil

Kept the same :

What to change : There is a hole in U, whereas no hole in T

Presence of air // Dragonflies U get air and T not get air


The type of dragonflies // the size of containers // the type of container

Kept the same :

To changed To measure

The Position of the sun The length of the shadow // the direction of the shadow

To changed To measure

The method to plough The time taken to plough

To changed To measure

The type of object The rusty of object

To changed To measure

The type of plants The type of dispersal way

To changed
To measure

The amount of water


The time taken to toppled

RELATIONSHIP / HYPHOTESIS

To state the relationship between the thing to change and the thing to observe and the validity of the statement can be tested. The criteria are : To suggest explanation/s for the relationship between variables To state explanation/s based from previous scientific principles or knowledge

CONTROLLING VARIABLES and HYPHOTESIS


Diagram 2 shows a fair test carried out to study the force of the magnet

State the things in this fair test that are : Changed Size of magnet

Measured

The number of paper clips that can be pulled by the magnet


The size of paper clips // The type of the magnet // The weight of paper clips

Kept the same

State two things that are used in this fair test.

1
2

The size of magnet


The number of paper clip that can be pulled by the magnet

What is the relationship between the things you changed and measured?

The more bigger the size of the magnet


the more amount of paper clips attracted

When the size of magnet increase, so the number of paper clip that can pulled by the magnet increases

TABULATING DATA

To get information from an implicit such a pattern (trend), relationship or conclusion from a given data in the form or bar chat, diagram, table or figure. The criteria are : To make statement derived from the data or information gathered To state the pattern or trend from information gathered To state the relationship of the variables

To make conclusion based on the information gathered

To state the pattern or trend from information gathered What is the pattern of the time taken?
What is the trend of the time taken?

Example The table below shows the temperature surrounding in town X from October to December. Month Date 5 10 15 20 25 October 27 28 29 30 31 C C C C C November 27 28 27 28 27 C C C C C December 27 28 29 29 27 C C C C C

What is the pattern of the changes of surrounding temperature on : Increase i. October :___________________________ ii.
Increase, decrease, increase, decrease November:___________________________

iii.

Increase, unchanged, decrease December :___________________________

To state the relationship of the variables

What is the relationship between the things?


What is the hypothesis between the things?

PREDICTING

Making s forecast about that will happen in the future based on prior knowledge gained through experience or collected data. The criteria are : To state what will happen by using previous data or information To state what will happen by extrapolating data

TABULATING DATA and PREDICTING


Diagram 3 shows a fair test that is carried out to study to reach the boiling point of water when different batteries are used.

C
O S

The number of batteries Time taken for water to reach boiling point

State the trend of change in the time taken for water to reach the boiling point
Decreasing 40 30 20 10 0

What is the aim of this fair test?

Decreasing

To investigated the relationship between the number of batteries and the time taken for water to reach boiling points What is the relationships between the amount of electricity produced and the time taken for water to reach the boiling points The more the amount of electricity, the less the time taken for water to reach the boiling points

Predict the time taken for water to reach the boiling point if 7 batteries are used.

15

Batteries

Time taken

2
4 6 8

40
30

If 7..

20 10

15

What is the conclusion of this fair test? The more the amount of electricity produced the less the time taken for water to reach the boiling points The less the amount of electricity produced the more the time taken for water to reach the boiling points The more the amount of electricity, the less the time taken for water to reach the boiling points

The number of batteries will effect the time taken for water to reach the boiling point This answer is WRONG because it a GENERAL STATEMENT

O
S

To investigate the relationship between temperature of beaker and the time taken for ice melt fully

As the temperature of water increase the time taken for ice to melt fully decrease

When the the temperature of water The more temperature of water increase so less the time for ice to melt melt fully thethe time takentaken for ice to fully decrease
P 40 Q 50 28 R 60 24 S 70 18

10

18 8
-8

30

-2

-4

-6

10

The mixture of dough // presence of yeast The size of dough

O
S

Dough X rises and becomes bigger, dough Y nothing happen (unchanged)

Because yeast breathes and produces carbon dioxides gas

Dough X mixed with yeast, dough Y does not

Size of dough after 30 minutes

Size of beaker The type of flour

SCIENCE PROCES SKILLS KEYWORDS

Observation Can made by overall changes


between the things, situation, before and after

Inference // Reason Start from observation


and because

Things // variables What to changed, What to


measure // observe and kept to same

Pattern // Trend Increasing // decreasing //


constant

Aim // purpose // topic // title To investigate


the relationship between changed and measure

Relationship // Hypothesis // Conclusion


When changed __pattern__ so measure ___pattern__

REMEMBER.. WHAT HAVE WE DONE TODAY


Introduction to the Science UPSR paper and their analyses
Try to apply the Science Learning Strategy Remember the important notes Beware with the Critical and Creative Thinking (CCTS) Focus to Science Process Skill (SPS) for Section B

Untuk menjadi juara saya hendaklah terlebih dahulu berfikir, bercakap, dan belajar seperti seorang JUARA Memulakan sesuatu kerja itu adalah hebat tetapi menyelesaikannya adalah berat

oleh itu sesiapa yang dapat menyelesaikannya ia adalah paling HEBAT


Kalau ada sumur di ladang

Boleh saya menumpang mandi


Kalau ada umur yang panjang Boleh kita BERJUMPA LAGI

YOU CAN MAKE THE DIFFERENCE AND IMPACT YOUR STUDENTS THROUGH TESTING AND EVALUATION

Understand the SPS level (Science Process Skill)


Observations Making inferences Carry out experiments /fair test Making relationship Record information/data/findings Making conclusion

Scientific Skills
S1

State a reasonable explanation from observation State other reasonable explanation from observation. State additional observation for the inferences. State what will happened by using data or previous information. State what will happened by extrapolating data State the meaning of data or information gathered.

S2

S3 S4

S5

S6 S7

State the trend or pattern from information gathered. State the relationship between variables.

S8

S9 S10

Making conclusion from information gathered.

State variables involved in an experiment.


State the manipulated variable

S11

S12 S13

State the responding variables


State the constant variables

S14 S15

Suggest explanation for relationship of variables.


Give explanation base on science principles or previous knowledge

16 Key Words in Section B


1. Observation 2. Inference / Reason 3. Manipulated Variable 4. Responding Variable 10. Title of this .. 11. Aim / Purpose 12. Predict

5. State 2 Variables
6. State 2 Information 7. Constant Variable 8. Hypotheses 9. Relationship

13. State the pattern


14. State the condition 15. What do you understand ? 16. Whats the conclusion..

1. OBSERVATION

STATE WHAT YOU CAN OBSERVE IN THE TABLE/CHART/EXPERIMENT STATE WHAT HAD TAKEN PLACE

Plant in Vase A

Plant in Vase B

Obs : Plant in Vase A is taller than plant in Vase B.

Other Obs : The leaves in Vase A is longer than

leaves in Vase B

2. Inferencing
An early conclusion/ explanation from an observation why it happen - give reasons. a) observation + why b) observation + cause c) relates observation with cause Usually our previous knowledge and experience will influence the conclusion. * Observe the phenomenon/object before and after -using our senses. * Think why it happens using our mind.

Pak Mats Rabbit

Pak Abus Rabbit

O: Pak Mats rabbit is bigger in size compared to Pak Abus rabbit.

Additional/Special/Other : Observation : Pak Mats rabbit is heavier than Pak Abus rabbit

Answer Key for Inferencing


Sample Answers:

The cockroach dies because there is no food. The leaves turn yellow because there is no sunlight. The chicken in Cage A is bigger compared to chicken in Cage B because chicken in Cage A is provided with nutritious food.

Answer Key to Inference (based on observation)


* Plant in Vase A is taller than in Vase B because it has more nutrients in the soil. Plant in Vase A is taller than in Vase B because it receives more sunlight. * Plant in Vase A is taller because there is more space in the vase for the plant to grow.

3. Making Hypotheses
General statement about objects/ phenomenon based on an observation whether it is true or false . It can be tested by carrying out a fair test (experiment). Hypotheses is build based on the inference. It relates between manipulated variable and responding variable Type of Questions: What is the Hypotheses State a Conclusion What Results can be expected State the relation betweenMV .RV What do you understand in the experiment.(latest) Explain the relationship between the 2 variables.

Sample Hypotheses Answer Key


The higher the temperature / faster the melting.. The higher the temperature the faster the salt dissolves. The bigger/ quicker. The bigger the area exposed the quicker the cloth dries. The longer .the wire / less power supply The thicker towel / more water absorbed The more.sunlight / healthier the leaves The widerthe field / the more grasshopper If there are more snakes then the number of frogs will decrease. When the legs are longer then the object is less stable.

4. To make prediction
The process of guessing what will happen based on observation/information/ data/ or previous experience Make sure the answer ask to predict the previous or future results Look at the pattern ( 1,3,5,7 / 10, 15, 20, 25) From the pattern arrangement, predict your answer

Making predictions
What happens if there are no more snakes in the food web? Predict what will happen to What is the temperature when water is continued to be heated for another 10 minutes?

5. INTERPRETING DATA
Type of Question Key.
What is the title of this investigation? What is the purpose of the investigation State the pattern Sample Answer. To analyse the effect of heatto the metal rod. To find out the relationship between the number of batteries with the light from the bulb

6. Purpose and Aim of Investigation.


What is the purpose of this investigation? What is the aim of this experiment? To find out the.. To investigate the.. To prove that.. To study the..

7. Variables
There are 3 variables involved in an experiment. Manipulated Variable ( thing to change) Responding Variable ( thing to measure) Constant /Fixed Variable ( things to keep the same)

8. Making Conclusions
This question is usually asked in the end of the whole experiment. Answer Key:
This is to prove that. Answer can be similar to hypothesis.. The longer .the slower.

1. 2.