Teaching Coverage Recognition

Pre-Snap Reads
From the moment the offensive huddle breaks until the ball is snapped, there is an opportunity to gain an enormous amount of information regarding the defensive intentions. This 8-10 second window involves a whirlwind of activity, and having a good idea what the defense will do pre-snap greatly increases our chances to run a successful play. We will begin to teach you what to look for, and what these various bits of information tell us.

If the quarterback has a clear picture of what the defense is doing before the snap, his decisions will be MUCH easier to make. Also, his training for certain situations will kick in……since he's SEEN these things in practice, and can make the right decisions. We will train our QB's to go through the following checklist before every play: he will become confident in that he will be following a certain ROUTINE before every play…..much like it's a routine to tie his shoes.

Pre-Snap Checklist
1. Get up to the line and get your hands under center immediately. (If in gun, 5 yards deep with right foot slightly forward). Defenses will sometimes move and adjust. But, the threat of a quick snap will make them get set. 2. As you arrive under center, look for a FS in the deep middle. If there, this indicates Cover 1 or Cover 3. If 2 safeties deep, this indicates Cover 2 or Cover 4. If there are no safeties in deep middle, you have Cover 0. Expect a blitz situation.

Pre-Snap Checklist (continued)
3. Look to CBs for zone/man indicators. If CBs have outside leverage and are looking at you, this is zone. If they have inside leverage and are looking at the receivers, this is man to man. 4. Make sure all wide receivers are "covered down", with a defender in close proximity. If not, you have an Uncovered Throw opportunity. 5. If running play, mentally rehearse your steps to the hand-off.
6. If passing play, locate your read player, but don't STARE at him.

Safety Indicators
FS FS SS

Coverage??

Coverage??

Coverage??

CB Indicators
C C

C

C

C

C

C

C

Identifying Coverage's
S a f e t y In d ic a t o r s
N o S a f e t ie s O n e S a fe ty T w o S a f e t ie s

C B s in s id e w it h eyes on W R C over 0 ( E x p e c t B lit z )

C B s in s id e w it h eyes on W R C over 1

C B s o u t s id e w it h eyes on Q B C over 3

C B s s h a llo w w it h eyes on Q B C over 2

C B s d e e p e r w it h eyes on Q B C over 4

Pass Zones
Deep Left Deep Middle Deep Right

Left Flat

Left Curl

Left Hook

Right Hook

Right Curl

Right Flat

Cover 3 vs. Pro
FS C B T SS T E C

B N

B

Cover 3 vs. Doubles
FS C B E SS E C

B T

B T

Cover 3 vs. Trey
FS C E C B T B T E B SS

Cover 1 vs. Pro
FS SS T E

C

B

B T N

B

C

Cover 1 vs. Doubles
FS

C

B

B E T

B T E

SS

C

Cover 1 vs. Trey
FS

C

B E T

B T E

B

SS

C

Cover 2 vs. Pro
FS B T B N T B E C SS

C

Cover 2 vs. Doubles
FS B C B E T T E SS

B

C

Cover 2 vs. Trey
FS B C E T T E SS

B

B

C

Cover 4 vs. Pro
FS C B T N T B E SS

B

C

Cover 4 vs. Doubles
FS C B E T B T E SS C

B

Cover 4 vs. Trey
FS C E T SS C B T E B B

Cover 0 vs. Doubles

C

FS E T

B N

B T E SS

C