Introduction to Educational Technology GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

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Preparatory Lesson for EDUC 8 – Educational Technology 2 MARVIN Y. ARCE Instructor
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Graphic Organizers

Helps students classify ideas and communicate more effectively. Use graphic organizers to structure writing projects, to help in problem solving, decision making, studying, planning research and brainstorming.

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Advantages of Graphic Organizers

These organizers are a way to encourage students to think about information in new ways. They are a great tool for activities that ask students to review concepts and demonstrate their understanding A huge amount of information can be shared on a single picture to provide the "big view" of a topic
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Advantages of Graphic Organizers

It's easy to edit, revise, and quickly add to a visual map Graphic organizers can be used as a nice planning tool from information identification to product development They are great for visual thinkers or those that need to practice their visual thinking
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Examples of Graphic Organizers

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K-W-L-H Chart

The K-W-L-H teaching technique is a good method to help students activate prior knowledge It is a group instruction activity developed by Donna Ogle (1986) that serves as a model for active thinking during reading

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K - Stands for helping students recall what they KNOW about the subject W - Stands for helping students determine what they WANT to learn L - Stands for helping students identify what they LEARN as they read H - Stands for HOW we can learn more (other sources where additional information on the topic can be 11/22/12 found)

KWLH Template Format

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Spider Map

used to investigate and enumerate various aspects of a single theme or topic, helping the student to organize their thoughts helps the student focus on the topic, requires the student to review what they already know in order to organize that knowledge, and helps the student to monitor their growing comprehension of the topic 11/22/12

also helps point out the areas where the student must investigate more Used to describe a central idea: a thing (a geographic region), process (meiosis), concept (altruism), or proposition with support (experimental drugs should be available to AIDS victims) Key frame questions: What is the central idea? What are its attributes? What are its functions?
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Sample Spider Map Template

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Series of Events Chain

help students connect information as it occurs over time Key frame questions: What is the object, procedure, or initiating event? What are the stages or steps? How do they lead to one another? What is the final outcome?

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Sample Series of Events Chain Format

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Compare/Contrast Matrix

Used to show similarities and differences between two things Key frame question: What things are being compared? How are they similar? How are they different?

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Sample Compare/Contrast Matrix Template

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Problem/Solution Outline

provides an outline for students to identify the main problem and solution, the main character's goal, and key events in the story Key frame questions: What was the problem? Who had the problem? Why was it a problem? What attempts were made to solve the problem? Did those attempts succeed?  

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Sample Problem/Solution Outline Template

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Network Tree

Used to show causal information (causes of poverty), a hierarchy (types of insects), or branching procedures (the circulatory system) Key frame questions: What is the superordinate category? What are the subordinate categories? How are they related? How many levels are there?
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Sample Network Tree Template

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Human Interaction Outline

effective for organizing events in terms of a chain of action and reaction Used to show the nature of an interaction between persons or groups (Europeans settlers and American Indians) Key frame questions: Who are the persons or groups? What were their goals? Did they conflict or 11/22/12 cooperate? What was the outcome

Sample Human Interaction Outline Template

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Fishbone Diagram

The fishbone diagram identifies many possible causes for an effect or problem used to structure a brainstorming session immediately sorts ideas into useful categories Key frame questions: What are the factors that cause X ? How do they 11/22/12 interrelate? Are the factors that

Sample Fishbone Diagram Template

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Cycle Diagrams

shows how items are related to one another in a repeating cycle used to show how a series of events interact to produce a set of results again and again (weather phenomena, cycles of achievement and failure, the life cycle) Key frame questions: What are the critical events in the cycle? How are 11/22/12 related? In what ways are they they

Sample Cycle Diagram Template

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Portfolio 1

Create a GRAPHIC ORGANIZER showing the historical development of educational technology. Materials: construction paper, pair of scissors, paste, ruler, short bond paper. This will be your activity next meeting.
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References

http://www.educationoasis.com/curric ulum/graphic_organizers.htm http://www.teachervision.fen.com/gra phic-organizers/printable/6293.html http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issue s/students/learning/lr1grorg.htm http://www.eduscapes.com/tap/topic 73.htm
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