S I L I C O N Technical seminar

on
SIGNALING SYSTEM NO-7 (SS7)
Submitted by :Aditya Kumar Mishra Roll No :0501209244

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Contents
Introduction to SS7 Signaling.  In & Out of band Signaling.  SS7 Network Architecture  SS7 Signaling Link Types.  SS7 Protocol Architecture.  SS7 Applications.

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Introduction of SS7
What is SS7?
SS7 is an architecture for performing out-of-band signaling in support of call-establishment, billing, routing & information-exchange function of public switched telephone network(PSTN).It identifies the functions to be performed by signaling network & a protocol to enable their performance.

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Introduction of SS7 I

In and OUT band signaling

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PSTN

World's public circuit-switched telephone L networks I  the Internet is the concentration of the world's public IP-based packet-switched C networks O  Originally a network of fixed-line analog telephone systems, the PSTN is now almost N entirely digital

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PSTN

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SS7 Network Elements
SSP (Service Switching Point)  STP (Signal Transfer Point)  SCP (Service Control Point)

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SSP
Service Switching Points (SSP) are switches that originate, terminate, or tandem calls  An SSP sends signaling messages to other SSPs  Querying SCP

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STP
Routing SS7 messages  Deployed in pairs  Three levels of STPs  National  International  Gateway

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SCP
Interface to a database  It is always connected to the STPs  Types of databases  Line information database (LIDB)  Home location register (HLR)  Local number portability (LNR)

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SS7 Networks I
STP STP STP STP

STP

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SS7 Signaling Link Types I

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SS7 Link Types
A link (access) Connects signaling end point (SCP or SSP) to STP Connects an STP to another STP; typically, a quad of B links interconnect peer (or primary) STPs (STPs from a network connect to STPs of another network) Connects STPs performing identical functions, forming a mated pair (for greater reliability) Connects a secondary (local or regional) STP pair to a primary (internetwork gateway) STP pair in a quad-link configuration; the distinction between B and D links is arbitrary Connects an SSP to an alternate STP Connects two signaling end points (SSPs and SCPs) in the same local network

B link (bridge)

C link (cross)

D link (diagonal)

E link (extended) F link (fully associated)

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Basic Signaling Architecture I

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S Basic Signaling Architecture I L I C O N

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Basic Call Setup Example I

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SS7 Protocol Stack

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MTP
Message Transfer Part  Level 1: Physical layer  Level 2: Reliable transfer of signaling information between SPs  Level 3: Message routing and Network management.

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Message Structure

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Message Structure

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SCCP & TCAP
SCCP – Signaling Connection Control Part  Provides functionality for MTP  Supports both connectionless and connectionoriented  Global Title Translation TCAP – Transaction Capabilities Application Part  Deployment of Advanced Intelligent network services

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TUP
TUP – Telephone User Part  International telephone control signaling functions  Doesn’t support advanced features  Being phased out in favor of ISUP

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ISUP
ISUP – ISDN User Part  Compatible with TUP  Supports both analog and digital voice circuits  Supports both ISDN and non ISDN calls  Defines the protocol used to setup, manage, and release trunk circuits that carry voice and data between SSPs

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ADVANTAGES OF SS7 • • • • Faster call set-up. Greater trunking (or Queuing) efficiency. Information transfer. The private nature of SS7 networks is critical for security and reliability. • SS7 carries information of every call in the network. • SS7 provide the bridge between circuit and packet switched networks.

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Applications
Prepaid Calling Local Number Portability (LNP) Global Roaming International Callback Virtual Office Internet Call Waiting/ Caller ID Least Cost Routing Toll Bypass
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Unified Messaging 800 / Free Phone Services Short Message Service (SMS) Tele-voting Location-based Services Caller Ring Back Tone (CRBT)

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Applications

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Applications

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CONCLUSION

• SS7 is the world’s largest data network. It links telcos, cellular long-distance networks nationwide and worldwide. • SS7 interconnects thousands of telephone company providers into one common signaling network. • SS7’ll continue to evolve as new features are added to the Advanced Intelligent Network.

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THANK YOU