The Evolution of the Computer Age

The Five Generations of Computers To Infinity and Beyond! .

First Generation 1951-1957 During this generation. . computers were built with vacuum tubes. These electronic tubes were made of glass and were about the size of a light bulb.

Fun Facts .“The Vacuum Tube Age” 1951-1953– IBM sells over 1. which is the first example of software that converts high-level language symbols into instructions that a computer can execute. Grace Hopper introduces the A6 Compiler. 1952– Dr.000 IBM 650 systems.

Because transistors are much smaller. the new computers were faster. . smaller. and more reliable than the first-generation machines were.Second Generation 1958-1963 This generation begins with the first computers built with transistors—small devices that transfer electronic signals across a resistor. use less power. and create less heat than vacuum tubes.

Fun Facts . 1963--ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) introduced which enables computers to exchange information.“The Transistor Age” 1959—Introduction of the removable disk pack. providing users with fast access to stored data.

and they cost cost less to manufacture.Third Generation 1964-1969 In 1964. These computers were more reliable and compact than computers made with transistors. An integrated circuit (IC) is a complete electronic circuit on a small chip made of silicon. computer manufacturers began replacing transistors with integrated circuits. .

Fun Facts .“The Integrated Circuit Age” 1965—Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) introduces the first minicomputer. 1969—Introduction of ARPANET and the beginning of the Internet.

copy machines. the most significant of which was the use of the microprocessor—a specialized chip developed for computer memory and logic. .Fourth Generation 1970-1990 There are many key advancements that were made during this generation. This revolutionized the computer industry by making it possible to use a single chip to create a smaller ―personal‖ computer (as well as digital watches. and so on). pocket calculators.

1990—Microsoft releases Windows 3. Fun Facts . which contains an Intel microprocessor chip and Microsoft’s MSDOS operation system. 1981—Introduction of the IBM PC.“The Microprocessor Age” 1977—Apple Computer Inc.0 with the ability to run multiple applications. Founded.

and intranets have created an information superhighway that has enabled both computer professionals and home computer users to communicate with others across the globe. . World Wide Web.Fifth Generation 1991-2000 & beyond Our current generation has been referred to as the ―Connected Generation‖ because of the industry’s massive effort to increase the connectivity of computers. The rapidly expanding Internet.

& tighter security is in the works. Fun Facts . limited access. Expected to include advanced virtual reality interfaces called nanomanipulators.“The Age of Connectivity” 1993-2000—Intel and Microsoft lead the way in computer upgrades. By 2004—A private Internet—Internet2— expected to be completed w/ higher speed. 1997--# of Internet and WWW users estimated at 50 million.

The End… Clap or I’ll beat you up! .

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