Presented By

 Miqdad Hassan Shamsullah Muhammad Mehdi Hassan Mukhtar

Presented To
 Prof. Ayesha Kashif

Marriage
The legal union of a man and woman as husband and wife.

Types of Marriages
1. Choices involved in the selection of the life partner: Partner choice, one's own choice, or mutual choice. 1. Division of labor between the spouses involved in mate selection.

Age Of Marriage
According to Act 1929 “The age of girl should be above than 16, And the age of boy should be above than 18.”

Hypothesis
Null Hypothesis: “Underage marriages are not successful.” Alternate Hypothesis: “Underage marriages are successful.”

Underage Marriage
Children married off at a tender age are incapable of understanding what marriage means, consent in most is only symbolic and this is actually forced marriage.

Underage Marriages in Different Provinces of Pakistan

1. Punjab. 1. Sindh. 1. N.W.F.P. 1. Balochistan.

Underage Marriage is Against the Law According to Act of 1929 “One month imprisonment and a fine of Rs.1000.”

The Raisannis in Balochistan have not relied on the law to end the practice of underage marriage. They say seven years ago their community introduced a deterrent to underage marriage; the family offering a child has to pay a fine of Rs.50,000 to the community.

Reasons Behind Underage Marriage
• Economic. 1. Barter. 1. Compensation for the wrong doing of a family member. 1. Business opportunities.

Reasons Behind Underage Marriage
1. Tribal custom. 1. Concern for the wellbeing of the daughter and a wish to see her settled as soon as possible. 1. Virginity essential. 1. The family’s particular circumstances.

Changing Trends
The average age of marriage for girls has been rising steadily over the past decades with a corresponding decline in the custom of underage marriage.

?What Makes a Successful Marriage

Marriage should be built on a suitable foundation, which includes care and attention and a longlasting relationship based on true feelings of love, care and concern.

METHODOLOGY
Questionnaire. Interview.

INTERVIEW

QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Does your marriage affect your physical health?
Underage

No 50%

Yes 50%

Yes

No

Normal

Yes 30%

Yes

No

No 70%

1. Does your marriage is the hurdle between you and your education?
Underage
No 20%

Yes

No

Yes 80%

Normal

Yes 40% Yes No 60% No

1. Do you have chosen the ideal life partner that you wish?
Underage

Yes 40%

Yes
No 60%

No

Normal

No 40%

Yes
Yes 60%

No

1. After your marriage did you face any difficulties in your home management?
Underage

No 40% Yes Yes 60% No

Normal

Yes 40% No 60% Yes No

1. After your marriage do you have friendly relationship with your in-laws?
Underage
Yes 30%

Yes No No 70%

Normal

No 20%

Yes

No

Yes 80%

1. After your marriage do you feel in future you are secure for your permanent partnership?
Underage
No 10%

Yes

No

Yes 90%

Normal
No 0%

Yes

No

Yes 100%

1. After your marriage do you have a psychological pressure of any type?
Underage
No 20%

Yes

No

Yes 80%

Normal

No 50%

Yes 50%

Yes No

1. After your marriage do you feel any difficulties in growing and feeding up your children?
Underage
No 30%

Yes Yes 70%

No

Normal

Yes 40% Yes No 60% No

1. In decision making are you free or you have any pressure?
Underage

No 50%

Yes 50%

Yes

No

Normal
No 30%

Yes

No

Yes 70%

1. After your marriage did your friendship is affected?

Underage

No 40% Yes 60% Yes No

Normal

Yes 30% Yes No

No 70%

1. After your marriage do you know how to cook food?
Underage

Yes 10%

Yes No

No 90%

Normal
No 30%

Yes No Yes 70%

1. What do you think is the divorce rate of underage marriage?
Underage

Less 40% More 60% More Less

Normal
More 30%

More Less Less 70%

1. Were you agreed for your marriage at that time?
Underage

Yes 40% Yes No 60% No

Normal

No 20%

Yes

No

Yes 80%

Results
After calculating the results of the answers given by both the underage married and normal age married. The percentages of the positive and negative responses given by both groups are as follows: Underage Married 61% of the people gave positive response whereas 39% gave negative response with respect to our hypothesis. Normal Age Married 35% of the people gave positive response whereas 65% gave negative response with respect to our hypothesis.

CONCLUSION
From above results it is proved that number of positive responses of underage married is more than normal age married. So our hypothesis “Underage marriages are not successful” is approved.

Suggestions & Recommendations
1. Electronic media must play the important role to aware the people of urban/tribal areas about the problem of underage marriages. 1. We should give the proper facilities of education to the areas where the underage marriages are common. 1. We should make the law applicable for underage marriages to all over the Pakistan. 1. N.G.O’s should play their role in this perspective. • We should ban those customs that causes underage marriages e.g. Vani, Watta Satta & Swara etc. 1. We should give the awareness about the drawbacks of underage marriages to the Jirga members of tribal areas.

LIMITATIONS
1. We cannot take interviews from females due to Hijab & gender constraints. 1. We cannot go the tribal areas for interviews where underage marriages are mostly take place. 1. We cannot meet the Jirga commission to know why they do not leave these customs.