APPIA AND CRAIG IN CONTEMPORARY THEATRE

DRM230 Presentation By Soha Ghanei

2.ADOLPHE APPIA (1862-1928) Swiss theorist on stage decor and lighting  Believed that each scene had four vital elements:  1. three dimensional actor Lighting Greatest aim was unification of four elements .  Verticle Scenery Horizontal Floor Moving. 3. 4.

EDWARD GORDON CRAIG (1872-1966) English producer. actor. scene designer  Believed that realism was limiting  Theatre as art. not life    Symbolism Aimed for “noble artificiality” .

2.  1. This presentation will seek to : Outline Appia and Craig’s theories and innovations  Evaluate the continuance of the application of these theories in two contemporary productions. Robert Lepage’s The Anderson Project Robert Wilson’s Hamlet Monologue .

THEORIES Adolpe Appia  Edward Gordon Craig Replaced Painted backgrounds  3D sets   rhythmic Removed footlights  Moved lights upwards into mobile light system  Use of light and shade Light to diffuse  Light to define emotion  Also removed footlights  Coloured lighting  Über-marionette  Patented moving screens  Neutral. bare stage  Symbolic interpretation   Mobile set theory .

INNOVATIONS IN LIGHTING  partly influenced in innovations in lighting  1870s – the incandescent light bulb Electrical lighting instead of gas burning lights  Control of lighting through a centralized system  .

THE ANDERSEN PROJECT .

HAMLET MONOLGUE .

..Forest Scenes. but the illusion of a man trapped in the atmosphere of a forest” . “we shall no longer try to give the illusion of a forest.

IN CONCLUSION .

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