Peru  Bolivia. Panama. Rep. Ecuador. Netherlands Antilles Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Colombia. El Salvador. Argentina. of Venezuela. Costa Rica. Saint Kitts and Nevis . Trinidad and Tobago  Belize. Antigua and Barbuda. Guatemala. Uruguay  Bolivarian . Nicaragua. Dominica. Paraguay. Cuba. Barbados. Dominican Republic. Grenada. Chile. Suriname. Guyana. Saint Lucia. Jamaica. Haiti. Brazil. Honduras.

Swaziland. Congo.Moldova. Belgium. South Africa. Uganda. Austria.  Africa  Morocco. Turkey. Turkmenistan  Ukraine. Kyrgyz Republic. Egypt. Kenya Namibia. Norway. Georgia. Angola. Germany  Greece. Italy. Zimbabwe. Mali . France.  Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)  Armenia. United Kingdom. Somalia. Spain  Switzerland. Poland. Mauritius. Niger Tanzania.

Korea. Bangladesh. Philippines. Bahrain. Malaysia. Myanmar. Japan. Kuwait. Iran. United Arab Emirates  Asia  China. Pakistan. Australia. Singapore. Saudi Arabia. Jordan. India. Viet Nam  Nepal. New Zealand. Maldives. Cambodia. Indonesia. Chinese Taipei . Oman. Qatar. Sri Lanka  China. Israel.

Cambodia. ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) / AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area)  Brunei Darussalam. Viet Nam CACM (Central American Common market)  Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua .Peru.Colombia.Andean Community  Bolivia. Myanmar. Singapore. Thailand. Malaysia Philippines.Ecuador. Rep. Lao People's Dem. Indonesia.

Zambia  Congo. Zimbabwe  Djibouti. Barbados. Saint Lucia. Trinidad and Tobago CEMAC (Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa)  Cameroon Chad Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon  Central African Republic COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa  Burundi. Swaziland . Belize. Haiti. Kenya. Dominica. Dem. Madagascar. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Bahamas. Grenada. Egypt. Seychelles. Mauritius. Suriname. Rep. Malawi. of Ethiopia. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Jamaica. Saint Kitts and Nevis. Antigua and Barbuda. Rwanda. Sudan. Guyana. Eritrea. Uganda  Comoros. Montserrat.

Chad. Guinea. Sierra Leone  Cape Verde. Niger. Gambia. Liechtenstein. Senegal. Liberia. of Gabon. Cameroon. Mali. Switzerland . Guinea. Togo EFTA (European Free Trade Association)  Iceland. Congo. Rep. Central African Republic. Congo ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)  Benin. Ghana. Côte d'Ivoire. Dem.Bissau. Norway. Angola. Guinea. Nigeria. Sao Tome and Principe  Burundi. Burkina Faso. Rwanda. Equatorial.

Malta. Denmark. Cyprus. Sweden. Czech Republic. Hungary. Netherlands. Bulgaria. Estonia. Greece. Germany. Oman. Romania. Italy. Slovenia GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council)  Bahrain. Finland. Portugal. United Kingdom. Ireland. Qatar. Lithuania. Saudi Arabia. Latvia. France. United Arab Emirates. Kuwait . Spain  Belgium. Luxembourg Slovak Republic. Poland. Austria.

Rep. Madagascar. Brazil. Paraguay. Argentina. Congo. Dem. United States SAPTA (South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement)  Bangladesh. Swaziland. Mozambique. Sri Lanka Bhutan Maldives. Mexico. South Africa. Zambia  Botswana. Nepal. India. Lesotho. of Malawi. Mauritius. Uruguay NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)  Canada. Namibia United Republic of Tanzania . SADC (Southern African Development Community)  Angola. Zimbabwe. Pakistan.

Barbados. Trinidad and Tobago. Mauritania. Bahamas. Niue. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Solomon Islands. Mali. Botswana. Togo. Comoros. Micronesia. South Africa. Caribbean and Pacific countries)  Angola. Burkina Faso. Somalia . Fiji. Congo. Dominica. Swaziland. Nigeria. Belize. Niger OTHER GROUPS ACP (African. Gambia. Jamaica. Rwanda. Tonga. Marshall Islands. Uganda. Ghana. Burkina Faso. Kiribati. Dominican Republic. Haiti. Gabon. Benin. Equatorial Guinea. Burundi. Rep. Djibouti. Sierra Leone. Mali. Sao Tome and Principe. Saint Lucia. Côte d'Ivoire. Niger. Chad. Seychelles. Timor Leste. Sudan. Grenada. Eritrea. Guinea. Guinea-Bissau. Cameroon. Papua New Guinea. Senegal.Bissau. Namibia. Guyana. Vanuatu. Ethiopia. Senegal. Zimbabwe  Dem. Nauru. Kenya. Côte d’Ivoire. Palau. Samoa. Zambia. Tuvalu. Liberia. of the Congo. Antigua and Barbuda. Benin. Mauritius. Central African Republic. Togo. Mozambique. Cook Islands. Lesotho. Madagascar Saint Kitts and Nevis. Guinea. Suriname. Cuba. Malawi. United Republic of Tanzania.

Central African Republic. of the Congo. Botswana. Mozambique. Gambia. Equatorial Guinea. Ghana     Liberia. Togo. Mauritius. Rwanda Cameroon. Uganda. Chad. Rep. Sao Tome and Principe  Eastern Africa Comoros. Guinea. North Africa  Algeria. Eritrea Madagascar  Southern Africa Angola. Namibia. Niger. Somalia. Kenya. Lesotho. Guinea-Bissau. South Africa. Cape Verde. Egypt. Morocco. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.Saharan Africa  Western Africa  Benin. Burkina Faso. Zambia. Dem. Côte d’Ivoire  Central Africa Burundi. Nigeria. Sudan. Sub. Ethiopia. Congo. Swaziland. Tunisia. Seychelles. Mali. Djibouti. Sierra Leone. Zimbabwe . Malawi. Gabon. United Republic of Tanzania. Senegal. Mauritania.

Mongolia. Taipei. Sri Lanka. Maldives. Darussalam. Republic of Korea. China. Malaysia. Tuvalu  Brunei. Nepal . China. Fiji. Hong Kong. Pakistan. New Zealand. Papua New Guinea. Samoa. Philippines. Vanuatu. Bhutan. India. Japan. Solomon Islands. Thailand. Rep. Lao People’s. Bangladesh. Macao. Singapore. Kiribati. Myanmar.East Asia (including Oceania):  Australia. Indonesia. Cambodia. Tonga West Asia:  Afghanistan. Viet Nam. Dem.

Bangladesh. Senegal. Malaysia. of Lao People’s. Guinea. Guinea-Bissau. Mozambique. Thailand. Dem. Zambia.. Comoros. Chinese Taipei. Congo. Samoa. Eritrea. Myanmar. Madagascar. Vanuatu  Cambodia. Burkina Faso. Timor Leste. Solomon Islands. Singapore. Gambia. Rwanda. Uganda. Mauritania. Sierra Leone. Afghanistan. Rep. Republic of Korea. Yemen  Central African Republic. Tuvalu. Sao Tome and Principe. Ethiopia. Dem. Rep. Somalia Six East Asian traders  Hong Kong. Djibouti. Chad. Bhutan. China. Maldives. Togo. Lesotho Niger. Sudan  Angola. Malawi. Liberia. Kiribati. Haiti. Nepal. . United Republic of Tanzania  Burundi. Mali. Equatorial Guinea. Benin.

such as goods shipped through bonded warehouses.Merchandise trade Exports and imports  Two systems of recording merchandise exports and imports are in common use. .  General trade figures are larger than the corresponding special trade figures because the latter exclude certain trade flows. They are referred to as general trade and special trade and differ mainly in the way warehoused and re-exported goods are treated.

 All product groups are defined according to Revision 3 of the           Standard International Trade Classification (SITC).  Primary Products Agriculture Products Fuel and Mining Products  Manufacture Iron and Steel Chemicals Other semi-manufactures Machinery and transport equipment Textiles Clothing Other manufactures  Other Products Arms and Ammunition .

the principal adjustments to the figures are as follows: . total merchandise exports from each of the seven regions are aggregated from the individual country or territory figures published. national statistics and Secretariat estimates. The regional and commodity breakdown is based on UNSD Comtrade database. The network is constructed in the following way:  First.  Next.  During this process. GTIS GTA database. the total merchandise exports of each region are distributed by destination and then by product. EUROSTAT. The world merchandise trade network by region and products are derived is based on export data.

When they cannot be broken down by destination.  China’s exports are adjusted to approximate their final destination. . are included. where known. Exports of ships to the open registry countries Panama and Liberia are re-allocated from each region’s exports to South and Central America and Africa to “unspecified destinations” (a category not shown separately).  South Africa’s trade does not include trade with the former Southern African Customs Union members. they are allocated to “unspecified destinations”.  Exports of non-monetary gold.

 Cross-border supply  Consumption abroad  Commercial presence  Presence of natural persons . Depending on the location of the supplier and the consumer. the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) defines four modes of supply.

and current transfers. . travel.  Commercial services is further sub-divided into transportation services. and other commercial services. income .  The commercial services category in this report is defined as being equal to services minus government services. the current account is subdivided into goods. services. Definition of commercial services in the balance of payments  In the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual.

education or other purposes. air and other including land. Other commercial services corresponds to the following components defined in BPM5: Communications Construction Insurance Financial services Computer and Information Royalties and license fees Other Business services Personal. space and pipeline transport. Cultural. for health. Travel includes goods and services acquired by personal travellers. and Recreational services . and by business travelers. Transportation services covers sea.           internal waterway.

UNIDO and UNSD. forestry and fish). B. .  World production in these sectors is estimated by combining production indices published by the FAO. Production of agriculture (including hunting. OECD. mining and manufacturing is defined according to major Categories A. C and D of the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities Revision 3 (ISIC).

and high for major developing countries (in particular China) with above average growth.  For the 2000-2008 period. World GDP growth is estimated as a weighted average of economies’ real GDP growth. . global growth estimates based on PPP-weights indicate a significantly faster growth than estimates using weights based on GDP data measured at market exchange rates.  States of the former USSR with a poor growth record.  The weights used are shares of economies in 2000 world nominal GDP converted to dollars at market exchange rates.